Tōsandō (東山道, literally, "eastern mountain circuit" or "eastern mountain region") is a Japanese geographical term.[1] It means both an ancient division of the country and the main road running through it.[2] It is part of the Gokishichidō system.[3] It was situated along the central mountains of northern Honshu,[4] specifically the Tōhoku region.

Tosandō provinces in pink

This term also refers to a series of roads that connected the capitals (国府, kokufu) of each of the provinces that made up the region.

The Tōsandō region encompasses eight ancient provinces.[5]

After 711 AD, Tōsandō was understood to include the Musashi province.[7]

See also Edit

Notes Edit

  1. ^ Deal, William E. (2005). Handbook to Life in Medieval and Early Modern Japan, p. 83.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tōsandō," Japan Encyclopedia, p. 998.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Goki-shichidō" at p. 255.
  4. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 57., p. 57, at Google Books
  5. ^ Titsingh, p.57 n1., p. 57, at Google Books
  6. ^ After 718, Mutsu was subdivided to include Iwaki Province and Iwase Province.
  7. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tōsandō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 988, p. 988, at Google Books.

References Edit

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon (Nihon Odai Ichiran). Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691