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Türi (German: Turgel) is a town in Järva County, Estonia. It is the administrative centre of Türi Parish.[3] Since 2000, Türi is known as the "spring capital" of Estonia.[4][5]. It has a railway station on the Tallinn - Viljandi railway line operated by Elron (rail transit).

Türi
Türi Church
Türi Church
Türi is located in Estonia
Türi
Türi
Coordinates: 58°48′34″N 25°25′45″E / 58.80944°N 25.42917°E / 58.80944; 25.42917Coordinates: 58°48′34″N 25°25′45″E / 58.80944°N 25.42917°E / 58.80944; 25.42917
Country Estonia
CountyJärva County
MunicipalityTüri Parish
Town status1926
Area
 • Total9.79 km2 (3.78 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[2]
 • Total5,064
 • Rank24th
 • Density520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Contents

HistoryEdit

  • 1347 Türi first mentioned in historical records by the name of Turgel
  • 1687 The establishment of the first school
  • 1900 Railway traffic (ViljandiTallinn, Türi–Paide) opened
  • 1917 Türi gains the rights of a market town
  • 1924 The first secondary education institution in Türi opened – Türi Horticultural Gymnasium
  • 1926 The rights of a town given to Türi
  • 1937 Erection of a 197 m-tall (646 ft) radio mast. The mast was blown up by soviet forces in 1941
  • 1950 - 1959 Türi - the centre of Türi County.
  • 1995 Türi Museum opened.
  • 1997 Türi College of the University of Tartu for environmental science studies opened
  • 2000 Türi declared the Spring Capital of Estonia by Mart Laar, the prime minister of Estonia
  • 2005 Türi became the administrative centre of newly formed Türi Parish.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Türi (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
11.3
(52.3)
17.4
(63.3)
27.0
(80.6)
30.2
(86.4)
31.8
(89.2)
34.3
(93.7)
34.3
(93.7)
28.5
(83.3)
21.0
(69.8)
11.9
(53.4)
11.1
(52.0)
34.3
(93.7)
Average high °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.6
(36.7)
10.4
(50.7)
17.0
(62.6)
20.3
(68.5)
22.8
(73.0)
21.2
(70.2)
15.5
(59.9)
9.3
(48.7)
2.7
(36.9)
−0.7
(30.7)
9.8
(49.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.3
(24.3)
−5.1
(22.8)
−1.2
(29.8)
5.0
(41.0)
11.0
(51.8)
14.8
(58.6)
17.3
(63.1)
15.8
(60.4)
10.7
(51.3)
5.8
(42.4)
0.5
(32.9)
−3.1
(26.4)
5.6
(42.1)
Average low °C (°F) −6.9
(19.6)
−8.2
(17.2)
−4.7
(23.5)
0.4
(32.7)
5.0
(41.0)
9.3
(48.7)
11.9
(53.4)
11.0
(51.8)
6.7
(44.1)
2.8
(37.0)
−1.8
(28.8)
−5.6
(21.9)
1.7
(35.1)
Record low °C (°F) −34.2
(−29.6)
−30.2
(−22.4)
−23.8
(−10.8)
−11.7
(10.9)
−5.8
(21.6)
−1.1
(30.0)
1.7
(35.1)
1.9
(35.4)
−6.1
(21.0)
−12.5
(9.5)
−23.1
(−9.6)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−34.2
(−29.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 57
(2.2)
40
(1.6)
41
(1.6)
36
(1.4)
44
(1.7)
77
(3.0)
81
(3.2)
95
(3.7)
72
(2.8)
82
(3.2)
69
(2.7)
60
(2.4)
755
(29.7)
Average relative humidity (%) 89 86 81 72 67 72 76 81 85 88 90 91 81
Source: Estonian Weather Service[6][7][8]

SightsEdit

Türi ChurchEdit

Türi Church, originally dedicated to St. Martin, is a well-preserved medieval hall church of a form typical for central Estonia. Construction of the church probably started in the late 13th century and the ceiling was completed in the early 14th century. It retains much of its medieval look, including carved stone details such as consoles in the form of human heads. Other noteworthy interior details include the renaissance pulpit, a Baroque retable (by Christian Ackermann) and an altar painting by A. Pezold from 1856.[9]

International relationsEdit

Twin towns - Sister citiesEdit

Türi is a member of the Douzelage, a unique town twinning association of 24 towns across the European Union. This active town twinning began in 1991 and there are regular events, such as a produce market from each of the other countries and festivals.[10][11] Discussions regarding membership are also in hand with three further towns (Agros in Cyprus, Škofja Loka in Slovenia, and Tryavna in Bulgaria).

Other twinnings

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Türi linn" (in Estonian). Türi Municipality's site. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2011. External link in |publisher= (help)
  2. ^ Population by sex, age and place of residence after the 2017 administrative reform, 1 January. Statistics Estonia.
  3. ^ Tyri >> Eng
  4. ^ Türi turism
  5. ^ Türi - Worth checking out - Eesti maaturism
  6. ^ "Climate normals-Temperature". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  7. ^ "Climate normals-Precipitation". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  8. ^ "Climate normals-Humidity". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  9. ^ Viirand, Tiiu (2004). Estonia. Cultural Tourism. Kunst Publishers. pp. 98–99. ISBN 9949-407-18-4.
  10. ^ "Douzelage.org: Home". www.douzelage.org. Archived from the original on 2010-02-17. Retrieved 2009-10-21.
  11. ^ "Douzelage.org: Member Towns". www.douzelage.org. Archived from the original on 2009-04-06. Retrieved 2009-10-21.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Türi at Wikimedia Commons