Szymon Marcin Kossakowski

Szymon Marcin Kossakowski (Lithuanian: Simonas Martynas Kosakovskis; 1741 in Šilai, Jonava – 1794) was a Polish–Lithuanian nobleman (szlachcic), and one of the leaders of the Targowica Confederation. In 1793, he became the last Grand Hetman of Lithuania.

Szymon Marcin Kossakowski
Symon Marcin Kasakoŭski. Сымон Марцін Касакоўскі (J. Damiel, 1812).jpg
Coat of armsŚlepowron
Šilai, Jonava
DiedApril 25, 1794 (aged 52–53)
Noble familyKossakowski


He participated in the Radom Confederation and the Bar Confederation. A supporter of the Russian Empire during the Kościuszko Uprising and earlier, he was deemed a traitor. In the aftermath of the Vilnius Uprising he tried to escape by boat, but was captured and hanged[1] in the town hall square of Vilnius with the inscription of He who swings will not drown and was buried in the cellars of the church in Jonava.[2]


  1. ^ "1794 08 11 Tado Kosciuškos sukilimo metu Rusijos kariuomenė užėmė Vilnių". DELFI (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  2. ^ Davies, Norman (1984). God's Playground: A History of Poland (2nd ed.). New York City: Columbia University Press. p. 540. ISBN 0-231-05352-5.