Szilágy County

Szilágy (Romanian: Sălaj) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in north-western Romania. The capital of the county was Zilah (present-day Zalău in Romania).

Szilágy County
Comitatus Silagiensis  (Latin)
Szilágy vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Szilagy  (German)
Comitatul Sălaj  (Romanian)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(1876-1920, 1940-1945)
Coat of arms of Szilágy
Coat of arms
Szilagy.png
CapitalZilah
Area
 • Coordinates47°11′N 23°3′E / 47.183°N 23.050°E / 47.183; 23.050Coordinates: 47°11′N 23°3′E / 47.183°N 23.050°E / 47.183; 23.050
 
• 1910
3,815 km2 (1,473 sq mi)
Population 
• 1910
230100
History 
• Established
1876
• Treaty of Trianon
4 June 1920
• County recreated (Second Vienna Award)
30 August 1940
• Disestablished
1945
Today part of Romania
Zalău is the current name of the capital.

GeographyEdit

Szilágy county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Bihar, Szatmár, Szolnok-Doboka and Kolozs. The rivers Szamos and Kraszna flow through the county. Its territory is for a large part the same as that of the present Romanian county Sălaj. Its area was 3815 km2 around 1910.

HistoryEdit

Szilágy county was formed in 1876, when the counties of Kraszna (Its center was Valkóváralja at first, later Szilágysomlyó), Közép-Szolnok (Its center was Zilah) and the Egregy district of Doboka County were united.

In 1920 by the Treaty of Trianon the county became part of Romania. It was returned to Hungary by the Second Vienna Award in 1940, with a slightly modified territory. After World War II it became the part again of Romania. Most of it is now part of the Romanian county Sălaj, except some areas in the north-west (now in Satu Mare county) and north-east (now in Maramureş county).

DemographicsEdit

In 1900, the county had a population of 207,293 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

 
Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description)

In 1910, county had a population of 230,140 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

SubdivisionsEdit

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Szilágy county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Kraszna Kraszna, RO Crasna
Szilágycseh Szilágycseh, RO Cehu Silvaniei
Szilágysomlyó Szilágysomlyó, RO Șimleu Silvaniei
Tasnád Tasnád, RO Tăşnad
Zilah Zilah, RO Zalău
Zsibó Zsibó, RO Jibou
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Szilágysomlyó, RO Șimleu Silvaniei
Zilah, RO Zalău

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 19 June 2012.