Szatmár County

  (Redirected from Szatmár)

Szatmár County (Hungarian: Szatmár vármegye [ˈsɒtmaːr ˈvaːrmɛɟɛ]) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary, situated south of the river Tisza. Most of its territory is now divided between Romania and Hungary, while a very small area is part of Ukraine. The capital of the county was Nagykároly, today called Carei (in Romanian).

Szatmár County
Comitatus Szathmariensis  (Latin)
Szatmár vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Sathmar  (German)
Comitatul Sătmar  (Romanian)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(11th century-1526)
County of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom
(1526-1570)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(1570-1606)
County of the Principality of Transylvania
(1606-1606)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(1606-1621)
County of the Principality of Transylvania
(1621-1629)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(1629-1645)
County of the Principality of Transylvania
(1645-1648)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(1648-1923, 1938-1945)
Coat of arms of Szatmár
Coat of arms
Szatmar.png
Szatmár county between 1876 and 1920
CapitalSzatmár; Nagykároly (1780-1920); Mátészalka (1920-1923); Szatmárnémeti (1940-1945)
Area
 • Coordinates47°41′N 22°28′E / 47.683°N 22.467°E / 47.683; 22.467Coordinates: 47°41′N 22°28′E / 47.683°N 22.467°E / 47.683; 22.467
 
• 1910
6,287 km2 (2,427 sq mi)
Population 
• 1910
396632
History 
• Established
11th century
• Treaty of Trianon
4 June 1920
• Merged into Szatmár-Ugocsa-Bereg County
31 December 1923
• County recreated (after the First Vienna Award)
22 December 1938
• Merged into Szatmár-Bereg County
20 January 1945
Today part of Romania
(4,505 km2)

 Hungary
(1,782 km2)

 Ukraine
(~0,4 km2)
Carei; Satu Mare is the current name of the capital.

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Szatmár, 1891.

After 1876 Szatmár county shared borders with the former Hungarian counties Szabolcs, Bereg, Ugocsa, Máramaros, Szolnok-Doboka, Szilágy and Bihar. It was situated south of the river Tisza. The river Szamos flowed through the county. Its area was 6257 km² around 1910.

HistoryEdit

In 1920 the Treaty of Trianon assigned most of the territory of the county to Romania, while the village of Nagypalád (now Velika Palad') was passed to Czechoslovakia in 1921 after border adjustment agreement with Romania. According to the agreement also Akli (now Okli) and Fertősalmás [uk] (it was known as Ferkeš-Almaš in Romania and Czechoslovakia, now Fertesolmas) villages were passed to Czechoslovakia; whereas Bocskó (Bočkov in Czech, now Bocicău), Ugocsakomlós (Komlóš in Czech, now Comlăușa), Avaspatak (Suchý Potok in Czech, now Valea Seacă), Nagytarna (Veľkú Terna in Czech, now Tarna Mare) ones and several municipalities in were passed to Romania.[1]

The northwest of the county remained in Hungary, and formed the new county Szatmár-Ugocsa-Bereg in 1923 with parts of the former Bereg and Ugocsa counties. The capital of this county was Mátészalka, which was previously in Szatmár county. By the First Vienna Award, Nagypalád was returned to Hungary and the county was recreated and later expanded with the Romanian part by the Second Vienna Award in 1940. After the end of World War II this part became again part of Romania and Nagypalád were passed to the Soviet Union, while the remaining territory in Hungary was renamed to Szatmár-Bereg county.

In 1950, Szatmár-Bereg County was merged with large parts of Szabolcs county to form Szabolcs-Szatmár county. This county was renamed Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg in the 1990s.

The Romanian part of the county is now part of the Romanian county Satu Mare, except the easternmost part (including Baia Mare), which is in Maramureş county.

DemographicsEdit

In 1900, the county had a population of 367,570 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[2]

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[3]

 
Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).

In 1910, county had a population of 396,632 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[4]

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[5]

SubdivisionsEdit

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Szatmár county were:

 
Szatmár County, 1782–85
Districts (járás)
District Capital
  Csenger Csenger
  Erdőd Erdőd (now Ardud)
  Fehérgyarmat Fehérgyarmat
  Mátészalka Mátészalka
  Nagybánya Nagybánya (now Baia Mare)
  Nagykároly Nagykároly (now Carei)
  Nagysomkút Nagysomkút (now Şomcuta Mare)
  Szatmárnémeti Szatmárnémeti (now Satu Mare)
  Szinérváralja Szinérváralja (now Seini)
  Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Szatmárnémeti (now Satu Mare)
  Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Felsőbánya (now Baia Sprie)
Nagybánya (now Baia Mare)
Nagykároly (now Carei)

Csenger, Fehérgyarmat and Mátészalka are now in Hungary; the other towns mentioned are now in Romania.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Medzinárodné zmluvy upravujúce hranice ČSR". Users.prf.cuni.cz. Archived from the original on 5 December 2007. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  5. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 19 June 2012.