Syringa emodi

Syringa emodi[1][2][3][4] is a species in the genus Syringa, in the family Oleaceae. It is also known as Himalayan lilac.[2][3]

Syringa emodi
Syringa emodi 001.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Oleaceae
Genus: Syringa
Species:
S. emodi
Binomial name
Syringa emodi

DescriptionEdit

  • Height/Spread: Shrub to 5m[2][3] in height, spreading to 4m.[3]
  • Stems: Vigorous,[3] upright branches with robust branchlets[2] and stout shoots.[3] Bark is silver-grey and lenticellate.[2]
  • Leaves: Leaves are elliptic-oblong,[2][3] measuring 9 cm[2] to 15 cm[3] in length and 5 cm in width, and are dark green and glabrous above and silvery-gray and slightly pubescent beneath when young.[2]
  • Flowers: Unpleasantly scented,[3] purple,[2] pale lilac,[3] or white[2] flowers are borne on upright,[3] terminal[2] panicles to 15 cm long.[3] Tube measures 1 cm in length; lobes short, valvate, linear-oblong, and hooded at the tips. Anthers protrude about halfway.[2] Flowers in early summer,[3] from May–June.[2]
  • Fruit: Fruits September to October.[2]

HabitatEdit

Slopes at 2000-3000m altitude.[2]

DistributionEdit

Afghanistan,[2][3][4] Pakistan, Western[2] Himalaya,[2][3][4] Kashmir (Ladakh), Nepal.[2]

CultivationEdit

Widely cultivated.[2][3] Notable cultivars include:[2]

  • 'Aurea'
  • 'Elegantissima'
  • 'Variegata'

EtymologyEdit

Emodi is derived from the Sanskrit hima, meaning 'snow' (Sanskrit hima-alaya, identifies the Himalayas as the 'abode of snow'). Syringa is derived from the Greek word syrinx, meaning 'pipe' or 'tube'. Named for the use of its hollow stems to make flutes. In Greek mythology, the nymph Syringa was changed into a reed.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-356258
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Fiala, John L. "Lilacs: a gardener's encyclopedia", 2nd ed. copyright Timber Press 2008. rev. and updated by Freek Vrugtman. First ed. published 1988, copyright Timber Press. ISBN 9780881927955. pp 106-107
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Brickell, Christopher "The Royal Horticultural Society A-Z of Garden Plants (Volume 2: K-Z)", 3rd ed. Copyright 1996, 2003, 2008 Dorling Kindersley Ltd., London. ISBN 9781405332965. pp 1018
  4. ^ a b c Mabberley, D. J., "Mabberley's Plant-Book", 3rd ed., Cambridge University Press, 2008. ISBN 9780521820714 (hardback) pp 836
  5. ^ Gledhill, David (2008). "The Names of Plants". Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521866453 (hardback), ISBN 9780521685535 (paperback). pp 153, 369