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Syrian Interim Government

The Syrian Interim Government is an alternative government of the Syrian Opposition, which has been formed by the opposition umbrella group, the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces. The interim government is indirectly controlling some areas of the country and claiming to be the sole legitimate government on behalf of the Syrian Opposition in defiance of the Council of Ministers of Ba'athist Syria. The Interim Government is seated in exile in Turkey. Its headquarters in Syria are in the city of Azaz in Turkish-occupied northern Syria.[2][3]

Syrian Interim government
الحكومة السورية المؤقتة
Syrian Interim Government coat of arms.svg
Emblem of Syrian Interim Government
Established 18 March 2013
State Syria (opposition)
Leader Jawad Abu Hatab
Appointed by President of the Syrian Coalition
Main organ Cabinet
Ministries 7
Responsible to Syrian Coalition
Headquarters Azaz, Syria[1]



At a conference held in Istanbul on 19 March 2013, members of National Coalition elected Ghassan Hitto as prime minister of an interim government for Syria. Hitto has announced that a technical government will be formed which will be led by between 10 and 12 ministers. The minister of defence is to be chosen by the Free Syrian Army.[4] As of 3 April 2013, the organization is "based in exile and lack[s] an organizational base inside Syria."[5] The new ministries will not be placed in a single location but will be distributed in regions which are under the control of the Syrian opposition.[6] The government's main headquarters will be at an undisclosed location close to the Turkish-Syrian border.[7] The health ministry, the interior ministry and the housing ministry have not been filled because the officials chosen did not have 2/3 of the vote to confirm them.[8] A Christian, a Kurd and a woman are part of the appointed cabinet; Ahmad Ramadan, a member of the National Coalition, has stated that the cabinet was appointed on a meritocratic basis.[9] The Assyrian component of the National Coalition has stated that they were not given any attention in the selection of the cabinet.[9] The General Assembly has an administrative function.[10] The interim cabinet was dissolved on 22 July 2014.[11] A new cabinet was formed on 14 October 2014.

In January 2015, the Syrian interim government received $6 million USD from the United States, the first funding of this kind. The funds will be used for reconstruction efforts and the strengthening of local government in opposition held parts of Syria such as northern Aleppo and northwestern Idlib, with the interim government planning to expand into northern Latakia and northern Hama in the following months.[12]

On late September 2016, the Syrian interim government minister for local administration was among a dozen people killed by an ISIL suicide bomber in the southern city of Inkhil.[13][14]

The interim government is based in Turkey and has received direct funding from the United States.[12] By August 2017, the Syrian interim government stopped paying salaries to workers, and work within the interim government became voluntary work.[15]

On 30 December 2017, at least 30 factions operating under the banner of the Syrian Interim Government merged in a unified armed group after four months of preparations. Jawad Abu Hatab, the Prime Minister and the Defence Minister, announced forming of the Syrian National Army after meeting with rebel commanders in the town of Azaz. The newly-formed body claimed to have 22,000 fighters, many of them trained and equipped by Turkey.[16]

List of PresidentsEdit

Portrait Name
Took office Left office Political party Note(s)
1   Moaz al-Khatib
11 November 2012 22 April 2013 Independent
  George Sabra
22 April 2013 6 July 2013 Syrian National Council Acting President.[17]
2   Ahmad Jarba
6 July 2013 9 July 2014 Syrian National Council Re-elected on 5 January 2014.
3   Hadi al-Bahra
9 July 2014 4 January 2015[18] Independent
4   Khaled Khoja
4 January 2015 5 March 2016[18] Independent Re-elected on 3 August 2015.[19]
5 Anas Al-Abda 5 March 2016 6 May 2017 Independent
6 Riad Seif[20] 6 May 2017 9 March 2018 Independent

6 Abdurrahman Mustafa[21] 9 March 2018 Incumbent Syrian Turkmen Assembly

Prime MinistersEdit

No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Political party Note(s)
  Ghassan Hitto
Acting Prime Minister
18 March 2013 14 September 2013 Independent
Failed to form a government;
resigned on 8 July.
1   Ahmad Tu'mah 14 September 2013 22 July 2014[11] Independent
(1)   Ahmad Tu'mah 14 October 2014[22] 17 May 2016 Independent
Second term.
2   Jawad Abu Hatab 17 May 2016 Incumbent Independent

List of MinistersEdit

Incumbent Office Since Until
Akram Tomeh Vice Prime Minister 12 July 2016 Incumbent
Muhammed Faris[23] Minister of Defense 11 September 2017 Incumbent
Jawad Abu Hatab Minister of the Interior 12 July 2016 Incumbent
Abdel Moneim Alhalabi Minister of Finance 12 July 2016 Incumbent
Mohammed Firas Aljundi Minister of Health 12 July 2016 Incumbent
Abdul Aziz Aldughem Minister of Higher Education 12 July 2016 Incumbent
Imad Albarq Minister of Education 12 July 2016 Incumbent
Yaaqoub Alammar Minister of Local Administration 12 July 2016 Incumbent
Jamal Kallash Minister of Agriculture 12 July 2016 Incumbent
Abdullah Razzouk Minister of Services 12 July 2016 Incumbent

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ [1] Has the International Community Succeeded in Creating a Safe Zone in Syria After Years of War?
  2. ^ Lister, Charles (31 October 2017). "Turkey's Idlib incursion and the HTS question: Understanding the long game in Syria". War on the Rocks. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  3. ^ "Russia and Turkey Have Agreed to Create 'Safe Zones' in Syria, But Rebels Are Unimpressed". Time. Associated Press. 3 May 2017. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Syrian rebels to choose interim defence minister". World Bulletin. 2013-03-29. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
  5. ^ Sayigh, Yezid (3 April 2013). "The Syria's opposition 's leadership problem". Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
  6. ^ "New ministries will not be in single location- Syrian opposition". World Bulletin. 2013-03-29. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
  7. ^ "Interim gvt's HQ to be near Syrian-Turkish border". World Bulletin. 2013-03-27. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
  8. ^ "Challenges await new interim government". The Daily Star. 14 November 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  9. ^ a b "Syrian opposition government begins work as Kurds announce self-rule". Asharq Al-Awsat. 15 November 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  10. ^ "Syrian National Coalition Of Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces - General Body". 19 December 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  11. ^ a b "Syrian opposition coalition dissolves interim government". 22 July 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  12. ^ a b "US gives $6 million to Syria opposition government". Agence France Presse. January 22, 2015. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
  13. ^ At least 13 persons including the minister of “interim government” killed in explosion at police station in Inkhel SOHR, 22 September 2016
  14. ^ ISIS suicide attack rocks rebel HQ in southern Syria Al Masdar, 22 September 2016
  15. ^ "The Syrian interim government stopped paying salaries and volunteering work". Micro Syria. 8 August 2017.
  16. ^ "30 rebel groups merge under Interim Govt's banner, form 'The National Army'". Zaman al-Wasl. 31 December 2017.
  17. ^ "Syria opposition names interim leader". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  18. ^ a b "Syrian opposition bloc appoints new leader". Al Jazeera English. 5 January 2015. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  19. ^ "Syrian Coalition Re-elects Presidential Body for 2nd Term". Retrieved 10 August 2015.
  20. ^ "Leading Syrian opposition body elects dissident Riad Seif as new chief". Middle East Eye. 6 May 2017.
  21. ^ [2] SMDK Başkanı Seyf istifa etti
  22. ^ "Al-Khodr re-elected PM of Syrian interim government". KUNA. 14 October 2014. Archived from the original on 20 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  23. ^

External linksEdit