Syrian Interim Government
This article needs to be updated.(July 2017)
The Syrian Interim Government is an alternative government of the Syrian Opposition, which has been formed by the opposition umbrella group, the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces. The interim government is indirectly controlling some areas of the country and claiming to be the sole legitimate government on behalf of the Syrian Opposition in defiance of the Council of Ministers of Ba'athist Syria. The Interim Government is seated in exile in Turkey. Its headquarters in Syria are in the city of Azaz in Turkish-occupied northern Syria.
|Syrian Interim government|
|الحكومة السورية المؤقتة|
Emblem of Syrian Interim Government
|Established||18 March 2013|
|Leader||Prime Minister of Syrian Opposition|
|Appointed by||President of the Syrian Coalition|
|Responsible to||Syrian Coalition|
This section needs to be updated.(July 2016)
At a conference held in Istanbul on 19 March 2013, members of National Coalition elected Ghassan Hitto as prime minister of an interim government for Syria. Hitto has announced that a technical government will be formed which will be led by between 10 and 12 ministers. The minister of defence is to be chosen by the Free Syrian Army. As of 3 April 2013, the organization is "based in exile and lack[s] an organizational base inside Syria." The new ministries will not be placed in a single location but will be distributed in regions which are under the control of the Syrian opposition. The government's main headquarters will be at an undisclosed location close to the Turkish-Syrian border. The health ministry, the interior ministry and the housing ministry have not been filled because the officials chosen did not have 2/3 of the vote to confirm them. A Christian, a Kurd and a woman are part of the appointed cabinet; Ahmad Ramadan, a member of the National Coalition, has stated that the cabinet was appointed on a meritocratic basis. The Assyrian component of the National Coalition has stated that they were not given any attention in the selection of the cabinet. The General Assembly has an administrative function. The interim cabinet was dissolved on 22 July 2014. A new cabinet was formed on 14 October 2014.
In January 2015, the Syrian interim government received $6 million USD from the United States, the first funding of this kind. The funds will be used for reconstruction efforts and the strengthening of local government in opposition held parts of Syria such as northern Aleppo and northwestern Idlib, with the interim government planning to expand into northern Latakia and northern Hama in the following months.
The interim government is based in Turkey and has received direct funding from the United States. By August 2017, the Syrian interim government stopped paying salaries to workers, and work within the interim government became voluntary work.
On 30 December 2017, at least 30 factions operating under the banner of the Syrian Interim Government merged in a unified armed group after four months of preparations. Jawad Abu Hatab, the Prime Minister and the Defence Minister, announced forming of the Syrian National Army after meeting with rebel commanders in the town of Azaz. The newly-formed body claimed to have 22,000 fighters, many of them trained and equipped by Turkey.
List of PresidentsEdit
|Took office||Left office||Political party||Note(s)|
|11 November 2012||22 April 2013||Independent||
|22 April 2013||6 July 2013||Syrian National Council||Acting President.|
|6 July 2013||9 July 2014||Syrian National Council||Re-elected on 5 January 2014.|
|9 July 2014||4 January 2015||Independent||
|4 January 2015||5 March 2016||Independent||Re-elected on 3 August 2015.|
|5||Anas Al-Abda||5 March 2016||6 May 2017||Independent|
|6||Riad Seif||6 May 2017||Incumbent||Independent|
|No.||Portrait||Name||Took office||Left office||Political party||Note(s)|
Acting Prime Minister
|18 March 2013||14 September 2013||Independent||
Failed to form a government;
resigned on 8 July.
|1||Ahmad Tu'mah||14 September 2013||22 July 2014||Independent||
|(1)||Ahmad Tu'mah||14 October 2014||17 May 2016||Independent||
|2||Jawad Abu Hatab||17 May 2016||Incumbent||Independent||
List of MinistersEdit
|vacant||Vice Prime Minister||22 July 2014|
|Jawad Abu Hatab||Defense Minister|
|vacant||Economy and Finance Minister||22 July 2014|
|Mohammed Yasin Najjar||Acting Communications, Transportation and Industry Minister||14 October 2014||Incumbent|
|vacant||Local Administration and Humanitarian Aid Minister||22 July 2014|
|Fayez Zahir||Acting Justice Minister||14 October 2014||Incumbent|
|Dr. Elias Wardeh||Acting Energy Minister||14 October 2014||Incumbent|
|vacant||Infrastructure and Agriculture Minister||22 July 2014|
|vacant||Culture and Family Minister||22 July 2014|
|Awad Ahmad Ali||Interior Minister||23 November 2014||Incumbent|
|Mohamed Wajih Juma'a||Health Minister||23 November 2014||Incumbent|
-  Has the International Community Succeeded in Creating a Safe Zone in Syria After Years of War?
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