Syretsko–Pecherska line

The Syretsko–Pecherska line (Ukrainian: Сирецько-Печерська лінія, Syrets'ko-Pechers'ka liniia) is the third line of the Kyiv Metro, first opened in 1989. It extends the metro system southeast along the right bank of the Dnieper River before crossing it on a covered bridge and then east from there. The northern section extends further northwestwards. The line is one of the newest and shows some post-independence decorative motifs. Technically, it is also a great development, with most of the platforms longer and wider than older sections and with some stations having provision for disabled access. This line is coloured green in the maps.

Syretsko–Pecherska line
LocaleKyiv, Ukraine
TypeRapid transit
SystemKyiv Metro
Operator(s)Kyivskyi Metropoliten
OpenedDecember 31, 1989; 34 years ago (December 31, 1989)
Line length23.86 km (14.83 mi)
Track gauge1,520 mm (4 ft 11+2732 in)
Electrification825 V DC (third rail)
Route map

Vynohradar Depot
Marshala Hrechka
Ukrainian Railways
Lvivska Brama
Zoloti Vorota
Palats Sportu
Ukrainian Railways
Kharkivske Depot-3
Chervonyi Khutir
The map of the Kyiv Metro system.
Red line 1 Sviatoshynsko–Brovarska line
Red line 2 Obolonsko–Teremkivska Line
Red line 3 Syretsko–Pecherska line
Red line 4 Podilsko-Vyhurivska line
Red line 5 Livoberezhna line

Stations edit

  1. Syrets
  2. Dorohozhychi
  3. Lukianivska
  4. Lvivska Brama  
  5. Zoloti VorotaTeatralna  
  6. Palats SportuPloshcha Ukrainskykh Heroiv  [1]
  7. Klovska
  8. Pecherska
  9. Zvirynetska[2]
  10. Vydubychi
  11. Telychka  
  12. Slavutych
  13. Osokorky
  14. Pozniaky
  15. Kharkivska
  16. Vyrlytsia
  17. Boryspilska
  18. Chervonyi Khutir

Timeline edit

Segment Date opened Length
Zoloti VorotaKlovska December 31, 1989 1.92 km
KlovskaVydubychi December 30, 1991 4.34 km
VydubychiOsokorky December 30, 1992 4.20 km
OsokorkyKharkivska December 28, 1994 2.61 km
Zoloti VorotaLukianivska December 30, 1996 3.11 km
Pecherska December 27, 1997 N/A
LukianivskaDorohozhychi March 3, 2000 2.67 km
DorohozhychiSyrets October 14, 2004 1.56 km
KharkivskaBoryspilska August 23, 2005 2.36 km
Vyrlytsia March 4, 2006 N/A
BoryspilskaChervonyi Khutir May 23, 2008 1.09 km
Total: 16 stations 23.86 km

In addition, there is an unfinished station named Lvivska Brama between Lukianivska and Zoloti Vorota and a derelict Telychka station, located between Vydubychi and Slavutych.

Name changes edit

Station Previous name(s) Years
Klovska Mechnikova 1989-1992
Zvirynetska Druzhby Narodiv 1991-2023

Transfers edit

# Transfer to At
  Sviatoshynsko–Brovarska line Zoloti Vorota
  Obolonsko–Teremkivska line Palats Sportu

Rolling stock edit

Initially the line shared the Obolon (№ 2) depot with the Obolonsko–Teremkivska line. On August 23, 2007, construction of the dedicated Kharkivska (№ 3) depot (tracks connection extended from its Chervonyi Khutir terminus) was complete, to which the Syretsko–Pecherska line trains have been transferred. 27 five-carriage trains are assigned to this line. Most of them are of type 81-717.5/714.5, built in the late 1980's. But also some trains of type 81-540.2K/541.2K and the 81-7021/7022 (built from 2005 to 2009).

Recent developments and future plans edit

Extensions edit

On the far end of the Pechersk radius, a project had existed to bring the line from its current terminus Chervonyi Khutir to the Darnytsia station of the Sviatoshynsko–Brovarska line with six stations and one depot. This extension would connect the new Darnytsia Railway Station and also create a major redevelopment into the eastern districts of Kyiv. The stations include: Promyslova, Vulytsia Horbunova, Darnytskyi Vokzal, Prazka, Dranytska Ploscha and Darnytsia. According to the General Plan of Kyiv until 2025, this extension is no longer considered.

On the opposite end of the line, on the Syrets radius, another extension with the stations Mostytska, Varshavska (earlier known as Prospekt Pravdy), Vynohradar and Marshala Hrechka (earlier known as Synioozerna) were to open by 2020, along with a new depot. This extension will bring the line to the city's northwestern borders and will connect the distant neighbourhood of Vynohradar. In November 2018 Kyiv Metro signed a contract to build the Mostytska and Varshavska subway stations and a branch line toward the Vynohradar station; the deadline for completion was set for 2021.[3] In August 2020 Kyiv mayor Vitali Klitschko promised to complete construction of the two new metro stations by the end of 2021.[4] On 1 February 2021 he stated that they will be opened by the summer of 2021.[5] On 8 July 2021 Kyiv Metro stated that the construction of the new metro stations Mostytska and Varshavska was on schedule would open by the end of 2021.[6] It was added that the city and the subway required the contractor to meet construction deadlines and complete all planned works on time (as planned - by the end of 2021), unless the Chamber of Commerce agreed on the existence of force majeure that would slow down the works.[6] Early September 2021 the Chamber of Commerce agreed there was such and the expiration of the contract with the Kyiv Metro was to be postponed from November 2021 to May 2023.[7]

On 18 May 2023 Mayor Klitschko stated that the construction of metro in Vynohradar was continuing, during the Russian invasion of Ukraine ongoing since 24 February 2022.[8] On the same day the future new metro station Prospekt Pravdy was, by the Kyiv City Council, renamed to Varshavska (as part of a derussification campaign following the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine).[2]

Ghost stations edit

One of the most notable facts that the line is known for is that stations for which the construction had begun were deliberately passed over for later openings. This happened often with the lack of financing, but the need for continuing to extend the system. One of these stations were Pecherska which opened six years after the extension which carried it (Klovska-Vydubychi). At present there are three stations that remain unfinished on the line, with various prospects of opening.

Lvivska Brama is the first of such, a deep underground station that exists in a half-built state, with the underground part structurally complete and even partially decorated, and lacking an escalator tunnel and a lobby.[9][10] For many years it appeared on the map as under-construction with no actual work taking place, the scheduled opening year being shifted perpetually.

Telychka is another unopened station, on the right bank of the Dnieper River, that is sealed off completely, with no illumination at most times, and has remained such since the tunnels were built back in 1990. It was not opened because there was no need for it, since the Lower Telychka industrial area (which the station was planned to serve) quickly deteriorated with the end of the Soviet Union. However, there is a proposed re-development plan of the area and, as the station is sub-surface and structurally complete, it will not be difficult to finish and open the station should a need arise.[11]

Finally, between Lukianivska and Dorohozhychi, a provision exists for another deep station, the project name for which is Vulytsia Hertsena (Hertzen street). Currently, there are no plans to complete the station at all, due to the difficulty in building a deep-level station on an existing stretch being very costly, as well as impractical, particularly in the light of more important projects such as Podilsko–Voskresenska and Livoberezhna lines, which will not be completed until 2025 at the least.

All three stations satisfy a regulatory requirement of having stations (including ghost ones, capable of serving as emergency exits or fire shelters) no farther than 2000 m (1¼ mi) apart.[12]

Also, these stations host traction substations, ventilation and drainage equipment as all ordinary stations do. Currently, only Lvivska Brama is staffed 24/7 with a station agent, the others being visited by maintenance personnel only occasionally.

References edit

  1. ^ "Metro stations and a number of streets were renamed in Kyiv" (in Ukrainian). Historival Pravda. 2023-05-19. Retrieved 2023-06-18.
  2. ^ a b "Metro stations and a number of streets were renamed in Kyiv" (in Ukrainian). Historival Pravda. 2023-05-19. Retrieved 2023-05-19.
  3. ^ Kyiv Metro signs contract for subway line construction to Kyiv's Vynohradar district, UNIAN (23 November 2018)
  4. ^ (in Ukrainian) Klitschko voiced an "ambitious plan": he promises to bring Kyiv to the top 100 cities in the world, Ukrayinska Pravda (28 August 2020)
  5. ^ (in Ukrainian) Klitschko said when to wait for the opening of the Podilsko-Voskresensky Bridge in Kyiv, Hromadske.TV (2 February 2021)
  6. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) The Kyiv metro assures that the branch to Vynohradar will be opened by the end of the year, Ekonomichna Pravda (8 July 2021)
  7. ^ (in Ukrainian) Metro to Vynohradar does not have time to be built before 2023, Ekonomichna Pravda (6 September 2021)
  8. ^ "When the Podilsko-vokresensky Bridge will be opened in Kyiv - Klitschko" (in Ukrainian). 5 Kanal. 2023-05-18. Retrieved 2023-05-19.
  9. ^ "Станцію метро «Львівська брама» планують добудувати до 2025 року". The Village Україна. 2018-09-14. Retrieved 2022-07-06.
  10. ^ "Киевский метрополитен самостоятельно построит выход из Львовской брамы". (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-07-06.
  11. ^ Стасюк, Денис (2021-10-04). "Станция-призрак киевского метро "Теличка". Фото". (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-07-06.
  12. ^ ДБН В.2.3-7-2010. Метрополітени. (Ukrainian State Building Norms V.2.3-7-2010. Subways.) And earlier revisions thereof.

External links edit