Synthese (/sɪnˈtzə/) is a scholarly periodical specializing in papers in epistemology, methodology, and philosophy of science, and related issues.[1] Its subject area is divided into four specialties, with a focus on the first three: (1) "epistemology, methodology, and philosophy of science, all broadly understood"; (2) "foundations of logic and mathematics, where 'logic', 'mathematics', and 'foundations' are all broadly understood"; (3) "formal methods in philosophy, including methods connecting philosophy to other academic fields"; and (4) "issues in ethics and the history and sociology of logic, mathematics, and science that contribute to the contemporary studies".[1]


Front cover of a Synthese serial
DisciplinePhilosophy, philosophy of science
Publication details
Springer (International)
2.908 (2 years) 2.296 (5 years)(2020)
Standard abbreviations
ISO 4Synthese
ISSN0039-7857 (print)
1573-0964 (web)

As of 2022, according to Google Scholar's metrics (h-5 index and h-5 index median), it is the top philosophy journal,[2] but other metrics do not rank the journal as highly.[3]


Published articles include specific treatment of methodological issues in science such as induction, probability, causation, statistics, symbolic logic, linguistics and ethics. The name Synthese (from the Dutch for synthesis) finds its origin in the intentions of its founding editors: making explicit the supposed internal coherence between the different, highly specialised scientific disciplines.[4]

Jaakko Hintikka was the editor-in-chief of Synthese from 1965 to 2002.[5] The current editors-in-chief are Otávio Bueno, Wiebe van der Hoek, and Kristie Miller.[6]

Editorial decision controversiesEdit

In 2011, Synthese became involved in a controversy over intelligent design. The printed version of the special issue Evolution and Its Rivals[7] of the journal, which appeared two years after the online version, was supplied with a disclaimer from the then editors of the journal that "appeared to undermine [the authors] and the guest editors".[8]

Synthese engendered controversy again in 2016, when an article printed in it was called a "homophobic and sexist rant".[9]

"Due to an unfortunate human error", one of the articles accepted to the special issue Logic and Relativity Theory[10] of the journal was not sent by the guest editor to the editors of the journal for approval as the then current policies had required. Upon the discovery of this discrepancy, the then editors of the journal imposed a moratorium on new special issues for approximately two-three months pending review of the policies.[11]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Synthese | Home". Retrieved 2020-11-08.
  2. ^ "Philosophy - Google Scholar Metrics". Retrieved 2021-08-23.
  3. ^ "Journal Rankings on Philosophy". SCImago Journal Rank. Retrieved 2022-08-27.
  4. ^ From the first editorial: "How does SYNTHESE understand its task? [...] It will search, cutting through the high specialisation of nearly every area, for the internal coherence of the scientific disciplines." Translated from the Dutch "Hoe denkt SYNTHESE zijn taak op te vatten? [...] Het zal speuren, door de ver-doorgevoerde specialisatie op schier elk gebied héén, naar den innerlijken samenhang der vakwetenschappen.", "Inleiding". Synthese. 1: 1–6. 1936. doi:10.1007/BF01272768.
  5. ^ Sher, Gila (August 2015). "In memoriam: Jaakko Hintikka". Synthese. 192 (8): 2337–2338. doi:10.1007/s11229-015-0882-2.
  6. ^ "Synthese | Editors". Retrieved 2020-11-08.
  7. ^ Branch, Glenn; Fetzer, James H. (January 2011). "Evolution and Its Rivals". Synthese. 178 (2). Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  8. ^ Oppenheimer, Mark (13 May 2011). "Debate Over Intelligent Design Ensnares a Journal". New York Times. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  9. ^ Billingham, Paul; Parr, Tom (December 2020). "Enforcing social norms: the morality of public shaming". European Journal of Philosophy. 28 (4): 997–1016. doi:10.1111/ejop.12543. In January 2016, a furore broke out regarding a paper by Jean-Yves Béziau, published in a special issue of the journal Synthese. The paper contained a passage that many readers considered homophobic and sexist.
  10. ^ Székely, Gergely (July 2015). "Logic and Relativity Theory". Synthese. 192 (7): 1937–1938. doi:10.1007/s11229-014-0622-z. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  11. ^ W., Justin (27 January 2016). "Statement from Synthese Editors / Moratorium on Special Issues". Daily Nous. Retrieved 30 January 2016.

External linksEdit