Synagogue of Deal

The Synagogue of Deal is a Sephardi Orthodox synagogue on Norwood Avenue in Deal, New Jersey, United States. Established in 1973 by the local Syrian Jewish community, it was the first synagogue to be built in Deal.

Synagogue of Deal
Synagogue of Deal.jpg
Synagogue of Deal
Religion
AffiliationOrthodox Judaism
LeadershipRabbi Isaac Dwek
Location
Location128 Norwood Avenue
MunicipalityDeal
StateNew Jersey
CountryUnited States
Geographic coordinates40°15′09″N 74°00′04″W / 40.25250°N 74.00111°W / 40.25250; -74.00111Coordinates: 40°15′09″N 74°00′04″W / 40.25250°N 74.00111°W / 40.25250; -74.00111
Architecture
Architect(s)Glicksman & Rizzo
Completed1973
Construction cost$700,000
Specifications
Capacity325 seats
MaterialsBrick, timber
Website
http://dealshul.org/

BackgroundEdit

The Syrian Jewish community of New Jersey, which traces its roots to Syria, Egypt, Iran, and Iraq,[1][2] initially coalesced as a summer community in Bradley Beach.[3] Members began moving to Deal in the 1960s, and by 1973 the Deal community numbered more than 100 homeowners.[4] Thousands of Syrian Jewish families continued to descend on the borough during the summers, and by 2009 local historians estimated that the year-round population in Deal was 80 percent Syrian Jewish.[4]

HistoryEdit

Syrian Jews, a Sephardi community which maintains strong Orthodox traditions, had been praying together in members' homes in Deal and also in a local social hall for many years.[1] The Synagogue of Deal was dedicated in 1973 after a 15-year effort to establish a house of worship for the growing community.[1] It was the first synagogue to be built in Deal.[1]

At the dedication ceremony in July 1973, three antique Persian Torah scrolls, estimated to be about 200 years and which had been "artistically restored", were gifted to the synagogue, bringing its total of Torah scrolls to five.[5] Upon its opening, 200 families joined the synagogue's membership rolls.[1] By 1979, membership had increased to 450 families.[3] The synagogue also operated three satellite locations in order "to make it as convenient as possible for people to get to the synagogue", according to spiritual leader Rabbi Isaac Dwek.[3]

In the late 1990s, congregants of the Synagogue of Deal helped create an eruv, a halakhic boundary enabling residents to carry items on Shabbat between private and public domains. The 18 mi (29 km)-long boundary, called the Jersey Shore Eruv, encircles Deal and seven nearby municipalities.[6][7]

ArchitectureEdit

 
The main sanctuary

The 7,000 sq ft (650 m2)[5] building, constructed from brick and timber, was designed by architects Glucksman & Rizzo of Irvington, New Jersey. The synagogue is octagonal-shaped. Its main sanctuary seats 325 people and it also has a small chapel which seats 80.[1] Additional facilities include a library and office.[5] Construction costs were estimated at $700,000.[5]

In 1981, the synagogue received variances from the city to allow it to construct a 12,600 sq ft (1,170 m2) addition to accommodate its growing membership. The cost of the new building was estimated at $400,000.[8]

ActivitiesEdit

The Synagogue of Deal is a Sephardi Orthodox congregation.[9][10]

The Syrian Jewish community's social life traditionally centers around the synagogue. The birth of a child, a bar mitzvah, and a wedding anniversary are all marked by receptions and luncheons held after Shabbat morning services. The synagogue has an active sisterhood and men's club.[11]

In 2019, a kollel opened on the premises under the direction of Rabbi Mechael Semah.[12]

IncidentsEdit

In July 2009, several prominent members of the Deal Syrian community were arrested in a sting operation, including Rabbi Eliahu Ben Haim.[13] They were subsequently found guilty and sentenced.[14]

In August 2009, Deal police received an anonymous bomb threat against the Synagogue of Deal and two other Orthodox synagogues in Monmouth County. The building was evacuated and searched but no explosives were found.[10]

LeadershipEdit

The congregation's first spiritual leader was Rabbi Morris A. Shmidman, rabbi emeritus of Congregation Sons of Israel of Asbury Park.[1] Shortly after the synagogue building was erected, the congregation hired Rabbi Isaac Dwek as their spiritual leader.[3] Dwek had emigrated from Syria with his family in 1960 when he was 13 years old[15] and received rabbinic ordination at Yeshivas Ner Yisroel of Toronto.[16]

PicturesEdit

The building recently underwent a reconstruction in 2020. Several rooms in the building were renovated and brought up to date.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Synagogue Is Opening in Deal". The New York Times. July 8, 1973. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  2. ^ "The History of Sephardim in New Jersey". Congregation Etz Ahaim - Sephardic. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d "Ancient Rites Vital to Sephardic Jews". Asbury Park Press. March 23, 1979. p. 15 – via Newspapers.com. 
  4. ^ a b Fahim, Kareem (July 24, 2009). "Sephardic Jews Developed Haven on the Jersey Shore". The New York Times. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d "Synagogue of Deal Holds Edifice Dedication Today". Asbury Park Press. July 8, 1973. p. 17 – via Newspapers.com. 
  6. ^ Novek, Eleanor M. (March 2002). "Gates of Conflict: Communication, Symbolic Spaces and the Construction of Difference in Faith Communities". New Jersey Journal of Communication. 10 (1): 57. doi:10.1080/15456870209367415. ISSN 1067-9154. S2CID 152030493. In 1999, a group of [Deal's] Orthodox Jewish residents affiliated with the Synagogue of Deal announced that a public eruv had been completed, not only in Deal but also in seven other surrounding municipalities …
  7. ^ "Construction of erub prompts controversy". Asbury Park Press. September 19, 1999. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com. 
  8. ^ "Variances granted for Deal synagogue". Asbury Park Press. April 3, 1981. p. 66 – via Newspapers.com. 
  9. ^ Bernard, Postal; Koppman, Lionel (1977). American Jewish Landmarks: A Travel Guide and History. Vol. 1. New York: Fleet Press. p. 206. ISBN 9780830301522. OCLC 1156789945.
  10. ^ a b Sahn, Michelle (August 6, 2009). "Synagogue threats still under probe". Asbury Park Press. p. 15 – via Newspapers.com. 
  11. ^ Brenoff, Ann (March 23, 1979). "Sephardic Jewish Community A Growing Minority Minority". Asbury Park Press. p. 5 – via Newspapers.com. 
  12. ^ "An Ideal Outcome in Deal". Hamodia. November 21, 2019. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  13. ^ NJ.com, MaryAnn Spoto | NJ Advance Media for (2012-01-05). "Rabbi charged in N.J. corruption sting sentenced to 5 years in prison for money laundering". nj. Retrieved 2021-10-08.
  14. ^ Henry, Samantha (2012-01-04). "5-year prison term for NJ rabbi in corruption case". Boston.com. Retrieved 2021-10-08.
  15. ^ Lippman, Myrna (August 7, 1977). "Deal Rabbi in Syrian Marriage Mission". Asbury Park Press. p. 2 – via Newspapers.com. 
  16. ^ Sarafraz, Beth (December 13, 2017). "'Bitachon Means Knowing Hashem Will Come Through For You': Rabbi Yitzchak Dwek on living a life of faith and trust in God". The Jewish Press. Retrieved July 26, 2020.

External linksEdit