Symphony No. 3 (Shostakovich)
The Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major (First of May) Op. 20 by Dmitri Shostakovich was first performed by the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra and Academy Capella Choir under Aleksandr Gauk on 21 January 1930 (the anniversary of Lenin's death).
The symphony lasts around 25 to 30 minutes. The finale sets a text by Semyon Isaakovich Kirsanov praising May Day and the revolution. Interpretation is difficult: in a letter to Boleslav Yavorsky, Shostakovich said that the work "expresses the spirit of peaceful reconstruction"; on the other hand, most of the material preceding the finale is dark and sometimes sardonic in tone.
On the very first May Day ("the first first of May", in Russian)
a torch was thrown into the past,
a spark, growing into a fire,
and a flame enveloped the forest.
With the drooping fir trees' ears
the forest listened
to the voices and noises
of the new May Day parade.
Our May Day.
In the whistling of grief's bullets
grasping bayonet and gun,
the tsar's palace was taken.
The fallen tsar's palace:
this was the dawn of May,
in the light of grief's banners.
Our May Day:
in the future there will be sails,
unfurled over the sea of corn,
and the resounding steps of the corps.
New corps, the new ranks of May
their eyes like fires looking to the future.
factories and workers
march in the May Day parade.
We will reap the land,
our time has come.
Listen, workers, to the voice of our factories:
in burning down the old, you must kindle a new reality.
Banners rising like the sun,
march, let your steps resound.
Every May Day
is a step towards Socialism.
May Day is the march
of armed miners.
Into the squares, revolution,
march with a million feet!
The symphony is scored for mixed chorus and an orchestra of 3 flutes (3rd doubling piccolo), 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, triangle, snare drum, cymbals, bass drum, tam-tam, glockenspiel, xylophone, and strings.
Notable recordings of this symphony include:
|Chorus||Orchestra||Conductor||Record Company||Year of Recording||Format|
|RSFSR Russian Chorus||Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra||Kirill Kondrashin||Melodiya||1965–1975 (for complete symphonies)||CD|
|London Philharmonic Choir||London Philharmonic Orchestra||Bernard Haitink||Decca Records||1981||CD|
|Bach Choir||Royal Philharmonic Orchestra||Vladimir Ashkenazy||Decca Records||1992||CD|
|London Voices||London Symphony Orchestra||Mstislav Rostropovich||Teldec||1993||CD|
|Bavarian Radio Chorus||Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra||Mariss Jansons||EMI Classics||2005||CD|
|Prague Philharmonic Chorus||Prague Symphony Orchestra||Maxim Shostakovich||Supraphon||2006||CD|
|Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Choir||Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra||Vasily Petrenko||Naxos Records||2010||CD|
Source: arkivmusic.com (recommended recordings selected based on critics reviews)
- Kirsanov, Semyon (2009). "The First of May (translator unknown)". Marxist Library. Retrieved November 20, 2017.