Symphony No. 1 (Ustvolskaya)
The Symphony No. 1 by Russian composer Galina Ustvolskaya was written in 1955.
The symphony is scored for piccolo, 3 flutes, 2 oboes, cor anglais, 4 clarinets, 3 bassoons, 4 horns, piccolo trumpet, 3 trumpets, trombone, tuba, timpani, percussion, harp, celesta, piano, strings and 2 amplified boys' voices.
A typical performance lasts 20 minutes.
The symphony is cast in three movements. The outer two are instrumental. The central movement sets eight poems by Italian poet Gianni Rodari, translated into Russian and sung by two boys:
- N°1, Ciccio - the children living in a cave in close vicinity to a dumping ground
- N°2, Merry-go-round - the black child that can never know the happiness of white folks
- N°3, Saturday Night - the insufficient wages of the father
- N°4, The Youths of Modena - the children orphaned by the violent repression of a strike
- N°5, Buy Jumble - the rag-and-bone man
- N°6, The Waiting Room - the vagrant in the railway station
- N°7, When the Chimneys Die - unemployment
- N°8, Sun! - darkness without hope
The themes of the poems are racial, economic and other injustices in the United States of America, although Ustvolskaya denied these references and insisted that she did not choose the poems herself.
- "Catalogue of works, approved by G. Ustvolskaya". ustvolskaya.org. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
- Lemaire, Frans C. "GALINA USTVOLSKAYA - Piano Concerto, Symphony Nr 1". megadisc-classics.com. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
- Morrison, Simon. "Galina Ustvolskaya Outside, Inside, and Beyond Music History". academia.edu. p. 118. Retrieved 8 March 2019.