Sympathy for the Devil (originally titled 1 + 1 (also One Plus One) by the film director, and distributed under that title in Europe) is a 1968 avant-garde film shot mostly in color by director Jean-Luc Godard, his first British made, English language film. It is a composite film, juxtaposing documentary, fictional scenes and dramatised political readings. It is most notable for its scenes documenting the creative evolution of the song "Sympathy for the Devil" as the Rolling Stones developed it during recording sessions at Olympic Studios in London.
|One Plus One|
(Sympathy for the Devil)
|Directed by||Jean-Luc Godard|
|Written by||Jean-Luc Godard|
|Produced by||Eleni Collard|
|Cinematography||Anthony B. Richmond|
|Edited by||Ken Rowles|
|Music by||The Rolling Stones|
Composing the film's main narrative thread are several long, uninterrupted shots of the Rolling Stones in London's Olympic Studios, recording and re-recording various parts to "Sympathy for the Devil". The dissolution of Stone Brian Jones is vividly portrayed, and the chaos of 1968 is made clear when a line referring to the killing of John F. Kennedy is heard changed to the plural after the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy in June.
Interwoven through the movie are outdoor shots of Black Panthers loitering in a junkyard littered with rusting cars heaped upon each other. They read from revolutionary texts (including Amiri Baraka and Eldridge Cleaver) and toss their rifles to each other, from man to man. A group of white women, apparently kidnapped and dressed in white, are brutalized and ultimately shot, off-camera; their bloody bodies are subsequently seen in various tableaus throughout the film.
The rest of the film contains a political message in the form of a voiceover about Marxism, the need for revolution and other topics in which Godard was interested. One scene involves a camera crew following a woman about, played by Anne Wiazemsky in a yellow peasant dress, in an outdoor wildlife setting; questions are asked of her, to which she always answers either "yes" or "no". As can be seen from the chapter heading to the scene, she is supposed to be a personification of democracy, a woman named 'Eve Democracy'.
At least one quarter of the film is devoted to indoor shots of a pornographic bookstore that sells such diverse items as Marvel's Doctor Strange, DC's The Atom, and The Flash comic books, Nazi pamphlets for propaganda, and various men's magazines. Alternating with the shots of comic books, pinup magazines, and Nazi pamphlets, customers casually enter the bookstore, approach a bookshelf, pick up books or magazines, exchange them for a sheet of paper, and then slap the faces of two Maoist hostages sitting patiently next to a book display. Toward the end of the scene, a small child is admitted for the purpose of buying a pamphlet and slapping the faces of the hostages. After exchanging their purchases and receiving their document, each customer raises his or her right arm in a Nazi salute, and leaves the store. The bookstore owner reads aloud from Mein Kampf.
Mimicking the earlier scene of the camera crew following Eve Democracy is the last scene to the movie where the camera crew mills about[colloquialism] on the beach and from afar one man asks another "What are they doing over there?", to which the other answers "I think they're shooting a movie". A large camera crane is positioned on the beach and another woman in white is laid down upon the end of the crane and elevated, along with a motion picture camera, on the platform until she is well above the beach. She does not rise up but remains motionless, half-hanging off the crane, one leg dangling.
In 1968, Jean-Luc Godard moved to London intending to make a film about abortion. When he discovered that, due to the 1967 Abortion Act, it was no longer a hot topic, he told his producers he would still make a film in London, but on the condition that he would work with either the Beatles or the Rolling Stones. The Beatles turned him down, but the Rolling Stones were happy to collaborate. As a result, he was able to capture their work in progress as they rehearsed and recorded material for their seventh album, Beggars Banquet.
1 + 1 was shown at the 1968 London Film Festival; Godard punched producer Iain Quarrier in the face for the changes made to the film's ending, including featuring the complete version of the song. Godard showed his original version under a London bridge for free after the screening.
New Line Cinema acquired North America distribution rights and the film was shown as Sympathy for the Devil around college campuses during 1969 and 1970, including at University of California, Berkeley; University of Chicago and Hunter College in New York. An hour-long documentary about the making of the film was shown a week prior to the film being shown at the colleges.
- Houston, Penelope (29 November 1968). "ARTS: Cinemarxmanship". The Spectator. p. 24.
- Scovell, Adam (8 May 2018). "Rare images of Jean-Luc Godard hanging out with The Rolling Stones". British Film Institute.
- Greenspun, Roger (April 27, 1970). "Screen: 'Sympathy for the Devil' ('1+1')". The New York Times.
- Raymond, Hélène. "One Plus One". artfilm.ch. Archived from the original on 2 January 2007.
- The American Film Institute Catalog Feature Films 1961-70. R. R. Bowker. 1976. ISBN 0-8352-0440-5.
- Baughan, Nikki. "A brief history of the BFI London Film Festival". BFI. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
- "New Line Shaye Doubts Old-Line Showmen Re Kids". Variety. February 11, 1970. p. 4.