Symbolism of the number 7

As an early prime number in the series of positive integers, the number seven has greatly symbolic associations in religion, mythology, superstition and philosophy.


The Pythagoreans invested particular numbers with unique spiritual properties. The number seven was considered to be particularly interesting because it consisted of the union of the physical (number 4) with the spiritual (number 3).[1] In Pythagorean numerology the number 7 means spirituality.

Classical antiquityEdit

References from classical antiquity to the number seven include:

Religion and mythologyEdit


The number seven forms a widespread typological pattern within Hebrew scripture, including:

  • Seven days of Creation, leading to the seventh day or Sabbath (Genesis 1)
  • Seven-fold vengeance visited on upon Cain for the killing of Abel (Genesis 4:15)
  • Seven pairs of every clean animal loaded onto the ark by Noah (Genesis 7:2)
  • Seven years of plenty and seven years of famine in Pharaoh's dream (Genesis 41)
  • Seventh son of Jacob, Gad, whose name means good luck (Genesis 46:16)
  • Seven times bullock's blood is sprinkled before God (Leviticus 4:6)
  • Seven nations God told the Israelites they would displace when they entered the land of Israel (Deuteronomy 7:1)
  • Seven days of the Passover feast (Exodus 13:3–10)
  • Seven-branched candelabrum or Menorah (Exodus 25)
  • Seven trumpets played by seven priests for seven days to bring down the walls of Jericho (Joshua 6:8)
  • Seven things that are detestable to God (Proverbs 6:16–19)
  • Seven Pillars of the House of Wisdom (Proverbs 9:1)
  • Seven archangels in the deuterocanonical Book of Tobit (12:15)

References to the number seven in Jewish knowledge and practice include:

  • Seven divisions of the weekly readings or aliyah of the Torah
  • Seven Jewish men (over the age of 13) called to read aliyahs in Shabbat morning services
  • Seven blessings recited under the chuppah during a Jewish wedding ceremony
  • Seven days of festive meals for a Jewish bride and groom after their wedding, known as Sheva Berachot or Seven Blessings
  • Seven Ushpizzin prayers to the Jewish patriarchs at during the holiday of Sukkot


Following the traditional of the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament likewise uses the number seven as part of a typological pattern:

Seven lampstands in The Vision of John on Patmos by Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, 1860.

References to the number seven in Christian knowledge and practice include:


References to the number seven in Islamic knowledge and practice include:


References to the number seven in Hindu knowledge and practice include:

Eastern traditionEdit

Other references to the number seven in Eastern traditions include:

Other referencesEdit

Other references to the number seven in traditions from around the world include:

Other conceptsEdit


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  2. ^ "Nāṣir-i Khusraw", An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, I.B.Tauris, 2001, doi:10.5040/, ISBN 978-1-84511-542-5, retrieved 2020-11-17
  3. ^ Rajarajan, R.K.K. (2020). "Peerless Manifestations of Devī". Carcow Indological Studies (Cracow, Poland). XXII.1: 221–243. doi:10.12797/CIS.22.2020.01.09. S2CID 226326183.
  4. ^ Rajarajan, R.K.K. (2020). "Sempiternal "Pattiṉi": Archaic Goddess of the vēṅkai-tree to Avant-garde Acaṉāmpikai". Studia Orientalia Electronica (Helsinki, Finland). 8 (1): 120–144. doi:10.23993/store.84803. S2CID 226373749.
  5. ^ "Encyclopædia Britannica "Number Symbolism"". Retrieved 2012-09-07.
  6. ^ Klimka, Libertas (2012-03-01). "Senosios baltų mitologijos ir religijos likimas". Lituanistica. 58 (1). doi:10.6001/lituanistica.v58i1.2293. ISSN 0235-716X.
  7. ^ "Chapter I. The Creative Thesis of Perfection by William S. Sadler, Jr. - Urantia Book - Urantia Foundation". 17 August 2011.