Swanland is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire in England. The village is about seven miles (11 km) to the west of Kingston upon Hull city centre and two miles (3.2 km) north of the Humber Estuary in the foothills of the Yorkshire Wolds on the B1231 road.
|Population||3,802 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||NORTH FERRIBY|
The village of Swanland is located approximately 7 miles (11 km) to the west of the centre of Kingston upon Hull on the eastern fringes of the Yorkshire Wolds. The village is distinct from other settlements in the area, separated by fields. To the east are the townships of West Ella, Willerby and Anlaby; to the south-east Hessle and to the south-west North Ferriby.
The civil parish of Swanland is surrounded by the parishes of North Ferriby, Welton, Skidby, Kirk Ella, and Hessle to the south, west, north, north-east and east respectively, with the A63 road forming part of the southern boundary, Melton Bottom road the western boundary, and the A164 approximating to the eastern boundary. The parish is between around 50 and 90 metres (160 and 300 ft) above sea level, with a peak of 92 metres (302 ft) on the western outskirts of the village, close to the location of a water tower.
Swanland village forms a significant part of the civil parish, and is the only place of note within the parish. Near the centre of the village are a pond, as well as library (East Riding of Yorkshire Council operated), school (Swanland Primary School) and public house. Swanland has a village hall, operating as a registered charity. The B1231 road passes through the village.
Swanland is not mentioned in the Domesday Survey, though a chapel existed in the medieval period, in the 12th century or earlier, and a Hall, is thought to have been sited at Swanland from at least the 13th century, when it was the residence of Eustace de Vesci. In the later medieval period (16th) the Hall was the residence of the Haldenby family. By the late 18th century the Hall was no longer extant.
During the 18th and 19th centuries Swanland, together with other villages west of Hull, became a popular place for wealthy residents of Hull to relocate. Large houses in Swanland included Swanland Hall (built after 1740), Braffords Hall (built after 1778), Swanland House (built 1796, rebuilt c. 1860), and Swanland Manor (built 1848, demolished 1935).
The Congregationalist church, 'Christ Church' was built in 1804, with porches added in the 1840s, and a Primitive Methodist chapel built in 1828. In 1831 Swanland had a population of 418. At the mid 19th century Swanland was essentially a linear settlement along the east–west Mill Lane/Main Street, with the larger halls and manor houses set back from the road in the surrounding land. Outside the village the landscape was rural, enclosed fields, with small scale chalk extraction from pits.
In 1914 an Institute was built, containing a billiards room and library, funded by Sir James Reckitt. During the 1920s and 30s the village expanded again as a commuter village. Electricity was first supplied to the village in 1929 (with street lighting installed 1954). A large 200,000 imperial gallons (910 m3) circular concrete water tower was built in 1931 by Hull Corporation, replacing an earlier tower built in the 1890s.
Initial post war housing development consisted of prefabs. Further house building took place in the 1960s, 70s, 80s, and 90s. The population rose steadily from 1,212 in 1951 to around 4,000 in 1998.
In 1992 a new St Barnabas church was built to replace the 1899 church, with a large integrated hall and conference facilities. The 'new' church was the first new Anglican Church to be built in the Diocese of York for over 50 years, and was funded primarily by sacrificial giving from members of the congregation under the visionary leadership of first Rev Mike Lowe and then Rev Richard Hill. The church is open 7 days a week, hosting a variety of community groups (Brownies, U3A, etc.) as well as numerous church activities open to all, including a popular parent and toddler group "Cygnets", fortnightly group walks, a weekly coffee morning, collecting for foodbanks, a senior citizens' exercise group, etc.) The church also hosts 2 thriving Sunday congregations who are actively involved in serving the local community through a buzzing children's church, healthy youth groups and a variety of small groups for all from 11 to 111. Swanland became a separate ecclesiastical parish in 1995.
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Swanland Parish (1170211271)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
- Ordnance Survey 1:25000 2006
- Swanland CAA 2006, p. 3.
- Tickell, John (1798). The History of the Town and County of Kingston Upon Hull From Its Foundation in the Reign of Edward the First to the Present Time. Notes, pp. 883–4.
- UK Census (2001). "Local Area Report – Swanland Parish (00FB142)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
- "Haltemprice and Howden". UK Polling Report. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "Swanland Library". East Riding of Yorkshire Council. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "Swanland Primary School Academy Trust". www.swanlandschool.co.uk. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "Swanland Village Hall". www.swanlandvillagehall.info. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "St Barnabas Church, Swanland". www.stbchurch.org.uk. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "Christ Church Swanland". christchurchswanland.btck.co.uk. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Historic England. "Fragmentary Iron Age/Roman field boundaries (1556876)". PastScape. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Historic England. "Boundaries and enclosures of Roman date (1374662)". PastScape. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Darby, H. C.; Versey, G. R. (2008) . Domesday Gazetter. p. 480.
- Historic England. "Site of chapel (63893)". PastScape. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Historic England. "Hall (site of) (63894)". PastScape. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Allen 1831, pp. 107–8.
- Pevsner & Neave 1995, p. 718.
- Allison, K.J. (1981). 'Hull Gent Seeks Country Residence', 1750–1850. East Yorkshire Local History Society. pp. 42–3.
- Historic England. "Congregational Chapel, screen walls and Sunday schools (1504996)". PastScape. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Pevsner & Neave 1995, pp. 717–8.
- Allen 1831, p. 108.
- Ordnance Survey Sheet 239 1852
- Pevsner & Neave 1995, p. 717.
- Brooks, Dalby & Holmes 2003, pp. 75–77.
- Brooks, Dalby & Holmes 2003, p. 83.
- Historic England. "A post medieval/20th-century chalk pit (1556856)". PastScape. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Ordnance Survey 1:10560/10000 1956, 1968, 1971–80, 1982–8
- Brooks, Dalby & Holmes 2003, p. 103.
- Brooks, Dalby & Holmes 2003, pp. 103–104.
- Riley, Brendan. "Swanland – Lestrem Twinning Group". www.swanland.info. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- Gazetteer: A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 10.
- Allen, Thomas (1831). Book 4. History and Topographical Survey of the East Riding. A new and completed history of the county of York. 2.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Neave, David (1995). Yorkshire: York And the East Riding, Second Edition. Yale University Press. ISBN 0 300 09593 7.
- "Swanland Conservation Area Appraisal" (PDF). East Riding of Yorkshire Council. July 2006. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Collier, Linda; Holmes, John; Dalby, Shirley (2002). The Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries (PDF). A New History of Swanland. 1. ISBN 9780954344009.
- Brooks, Derek; Dalby, Shirley; Holmes, John (2003). The School and the Twentieth Century (PDF). A New History of Swanland. 2. ISBN 0954344014.
- Brooks, Derek; Dalby, Shirley; Holmes, John (2006). The Medieval to Stuart Periods and the Churches. A New History of Swanland. 3. ISBN 0954344022.
- "Swanland Heritage Trail" (PDF). Swanland History Group. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 September 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Swanland.|
- "Swanland Village Website". www.swanland.info.