Swami Karpatri

Hariharanand Saraswati, popularly known as Swami Karpatri or Karpatri ji Maharaj (called so because He would eat only what would come in his palm 'kara', as the bowl 'pātra'), was born as Har Narayan Ojha into a Saryupareen[1] Brahmin family of a village called Bhatni in Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India. He was a Sannyasi in the Hindu Dashanami monastic tradition.[2]

Swami Karpatri
Swami Karpatri ji.jpg
Har Narayan Ojha[4]

1907 CE[3]
Died1980 CE
Known forTraditional Hinduism
Founder ofAkhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad
PhilosophyAdvaita Vedanta
Religious career
TeacherBrahmananda Saraswati[5]


As a Child, Swami Karpatri had no interest in worldly matters. He was married to Srimati Mahadevi at the age of 9 in the year 1916. Even after his marriage, He tried to leave his home in search of truth but failed.[6]

At last his Father said "I would allow you to leave home only if you become father of child and give us a grandchild", A girl child was born and He decided to leave his home. His wife made a great Sacrifice. And Finally, Swami Karpatri left his home at the age of 19.[7]


He went to Sangved Vidyalaya and started his education in 1926. The Madhyama Siddhanta Kaumudi of Grammar, Which takes almost 4 years to pass, He passed it in 11 months. After this, He studied Vedanta and other Darshanas from Swami Vishveshvarashrama. Swami Karpatri had excellent learning capacity from the very starting of his Schooling.[8] After his years of learning, including three years in icy caves in the Himalaya, he was ordained as a Sannyasi.

Dharm SanghEdit

On the day of Vijayadashmi, He established Dharm Sangh in the year 1940. He travelled through all parts of India and established many branches of Dharm Sangh. Within a very short span of time his Slogan became very popular in India. The Slogan was:

Dharma ki Jaya Ho

Victory to Dharma!

Adharma ka Nash Ho

May Adharma Perish! [9]

He revived the lost traditions of Varanasi.[10]

Dharm Sangh under leadership of Swami Karpatri helped the Noakhali victims of 1946 riots and provided them land, food and financial aid. [11]

He re-converted the Hindus who were forcibly made Muslims and gave them initiation under Rama-Nama.[12][13]

He and his group was the first one to be jailed in Independent India. Even before Independence, In the year 1947, He started protests and meetings from the month of April. On the night of 14th August 1947, the members of Dharm Sangh were raising the slogans of "Bharat Akhand Ho" (May Bharat be united), All of them were jailed.[14]

Later LifeEdit

He was a disciple of Shankaracharya of Jyotirmath Swami Brahmananda Saraswati.[15] He spent most of his life at Varanasi. He was also a teacher in the Advaita Vedanta tradition of Hindu philosophy.

Swami Nishchalananda Saraswati, the 145th Govardhan Peeth Shankaracharya of Puri, Odisha, is an eminent disciple of Swami Karpatri.[16]

He initiated Alain Daniélou, a noted French Historian into Shaivite Hinduism under the name, Shiv Sharan.[17]


Other than DharmSangh, In 1948, Swami Karpatri founded the Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad,[18] A traditionalist Hindu party. He led a movement against the Hindu Code Bill. He was also a prominent agitator in 1966 anti-cow slaughter agitation.[19] On 18 April 1948, He founded the newspaper Sanmarg which promoted Sanatan Dharma and also advocated against the Hindu Code Bill and voiced opposition on cow slaughters.[20]


Swami Karpatri

On the day of his demise in the year 1980, He told his disciples to sing the "Ayodhya Tyaga" story of Ramayana for him, He himself did the recitation of Sri Sukta and at the end by keeping the idol of Krishna on his chest, He passed away by reciting "Shiva Shiva Shiva" thrice. [21]


Swami Karpatri maintained no-compromise policy with regards to Hindu Laws and Shastras. He was called Dharmasamrata[22][23](English: The Emperor of Dharma) by the masses. He was undefeated in Debates throughout his life.

In 1932, When He was in his late 20s, He debated Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya on the topic Pranava (ॐ). [24] Unable to Answer Swami Karpatri's arguments, Malaviya accepted his defeat. This incident was later published in the book "Mananiya Prashnottara".[25]

In 1940, Shri HariHarKripalu Dwivedi Debated with him on the verse "अकाम: सर्वकामो वा", The debate was planned on the next date.[26] Dwivedi didn't appear for the debate. At last, The Judge Pandit congratulated Swami Karpatri with Garland and became his disciple ever since.

A Debate took place in 1964, This one was between Sanatani Pandits and Arya Samaj. Swami Karpatri was just a viewer in the debate, But He later joined the Debate with Yudhisthir Mimansak. The Result was unannounced due to sunset but It was noticed that Swami Karpatri was ever-ready for a debate.[27]

Another Debate took place in 1965, Between Swami Karpatri and Madhvacharya Sri Vidyamanya Teerth, Sri Vidyamanya challenged people to defend Advaita Siddhanta. Swami Karpatri accepted the challenge, The debate went on for 2 days.[28] In the end, the mediator "Sri Bhagvatananda" declared Swami Karpatri Victorious.[29]

For Him, Celebration of Debates didn't matter. He was of the mindset that, Purpose of Debates is to conclude the real meaning, Not to demean or defame the one who has lost.[30]


Swami Karpatri was the author of Many Books. Few of them are not available in public domain, Many are only in Sanskrit and Some are in Hindi.

Here are a few of his books:

Marxwad Aur Ramrajya: Criticism of Modern Ideologies such as Marxism, Feminism etc.[31][32]

Vichar Piyush: A Summary of Swami Karpatri's Thoughts. [33][34]

Bhakti Sudha: An anthology of various articles written by Swami Karpatri on importance of Bhakti.[35][36]

Bhagwat Sudha: Explaining the Essence of Srimad Bhagvat Puran.[37]

Sri Radha Sudha: A record of Swami Karpatri's speeches on Radha Sudha Nidhi.[38]

Bhakti Rasarnava: A Unique work on Bhakti.[39]

Pibata Bhagvata Rasamalaya: A Book dealing with Rasa of Srimad Bhagvata Purana.[40]

Kaal Mimansa: A work dealing with the chronology in context of the Pauranic and Other Hindu Epic literature.[41]

Kya Sambhog se Samadhi: A Simple Refutation of Osho's interpretation of Samadhi.[42]

Capitalism, Socialism and Ramrajya: Refuting Osho's shallow understanding on these Ideologies.[43]

Ramayana Mimansa: A Book with systematic analysis of the Hindu Epic Ramayana.[44]

Ved Ka Swaroop Aur Pramanya: The epistemological significance and Structure of the Vedas.[45]

Veda Pramanya Mimansa: Establishing the supreme authority of Vedas.[46]

VedaSwarupVimarsh: A Short book defining the swarupa of Vedas while refuting the claims of Social Reformers and Modern day Scholars Like Swami Dayanand.[47]

Samanvaya Samrajya Samrakshanam:A work dealing with coordination between various schools of Hinduism.[48]

Ahamartha aur Parmartha Sara: A commentary on Patanjali's work "Parmarth Sara" with the refutation of Vishishta Advaita View.[49]

Nastika-Astika Vaad: A point to point refutation of Nastika Arguments used against Astikas.[50]

Videsh Yatra Shastriya Paksha: The Views of Hindu Shastras on Travelling Abroad.[51]

Sankirtan Mimansa evam Varnashrama Dharma: A text Describing the maintenance of Varnashrama Dharma along with Holy Enchanting.[52]

Rss aur Hindu Dharma: Deals with Structural criticism of Sangh-Sponsored Anti-Shastra ideology.[53][54]

Gau - Ek Samagra Chintan: The importance of Cow within Hinduism and Humanity as a whole.[55]

Vedartha Parijata: Explaining the True Essence of the Vedas along with Commentary.[56]

Kumbha Tithyadi Nirnaya: A treatise dealing with the astrological conclusions in context of Tithis and Kumbha Parva.[57]

Yajurveda Commentary: Bhashya (Commentary) of Shukla Yajurveda by Swami Karpatri in eight parts.[58][59][60][61][62][63][64][65][66]

Further readingEdit

Lutgendorf, Philip. 1991. The Life of a Text: Performing the Rāmcaritmānas of Tulsidas. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 384–387.


  1. ^ "Sri Swami Karpatri Ji - Sankshipt Jeevani".
  2. ^ Swami Karpatri The Linga and the great goddess Indica bolls, ISBN 818656988X
  3. ^ https://archive.org/details/karpatriswamijeevani/page/n1/mode/1up
  4. ^ https://archive.org/details/karpatriswamijeevani/page/n1/mode/1up
  5. ^ https://archive.org/details/karpatriswamijeevani/page/n9/mode/1up
  6. ^ https://archive.org/details/SriKarpatriJiSankshiptJeevaniVedantiSwamiJi
  7. ^ https://archive.org/details/SriKarpatriJiSankshiptJeevaniVedantiSwamiJi
  8. ^ https://archive.org/details/SriKarpatriJiSankshiptJeevaniVedantiSwamiJi
  9. ^ https://m.jagran.com/lite/uttar-pradesh/pratapgarh-karpatri-maharaj-gave-the-victory-of-religion-the-mantra-for-the-destruction-of-unrighteousness-21912269.html
  10. ^ https://archive.org/details/SriKarpatriJiSankshiptJeevaniVedantiSwamiJi
  11. ^ https://archive.org/details/SriKarpatriJiSankshiptJeevaniVedantiSwamiJi
  12. ^ Ramesh Kutticad. Abhinav Shankar Smriti Granth Swami Karpatriji Maharaj Poor Scan Vol 1.
  13. ^ https://pragyata.com/swami-karpatri-ji-the-forgotten-dharma-samarat/
  14. ^ https://archive.org/details/SriKarpatriJiSankshiptJeevaniVedantiSwamiJi
  15. ^ Rama, Swami (1999) Himalayan Institute, Living With the Himalayan Masters, page 247
  16. ^ @govardhanmath (4 August 2019). "Dharma Samrat Swami Karpatri Ji Jayanti.Puri Shankaracharya ji's Pravachan on his Guru Maharaj's 112th Jayanti.ध…" (Tweet). Retrieved 23 July 2020 – via Twitter.
  17. ^ Swami Karpatri The Linga and the great goddess Indica bolls, ISBN 818656988X
  18. ^ https://eci.gov.in/files/file/5822-akhil-bhartiya-ramrajya-parishad/
  19. ^ Irfan Ahmad, Pralay Kanungo (24 December 2018). The Algebra of Warfare-Welfare: A Long View of India's 2014 Election. Oxford University Press. p. 103. ISBN 9780199097531.
  20. ^ Mahila Patrakarita (in Hindi). Prabhat Prakashan. 2012. p. 73. ISBN 9789350481189. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  21. ^ https://archive.org/details/SriKarpatriJiSankshiptJeevaniVedantiSwamiJi
  22. ^ @govardhanmath (10 August 2021). "#गौ_रक्षा_दिवससर्वभूतहृदय धर्मसम्राट स्वामी श्रीकरपात्रीजी की अद्भुत देन" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  23. ^ https://pragyata.com/swami-karpatri-ji-the-forgotten-dharma-samarat/
  24. ^ https://archive.org/details/SriKarpatriJiSankshiptJeevaniVedantiSwamiJi/page/n6/mode/1up
  25. ^ https://archive.org/details/MananiyaPrashnottara
  26. ^ https://archive.org/details/SriKarpatriJiSankshiptJeevaniVedantiSwamiJi/page/n11/mode/1up
  27. ^ https://archive.org/details/yudhishthir-mimansak-swami-karpatri-shastrarth-1964-debate
  28. ^ https://archive.org/details/SriKarpatriJiSankshiptJeevaniVedantiSwamiJi/page/n13/mode/1up
  29. ^ https://archive.org/details/karpatrijidebate1965
  30. ^ https://archive.org/details/SriKarpatriJiSankshiptJeevaniVedantiSwamiJi/page/n14/mode/1up
  31. ^ https://archive.org/details/MarkswadOrRamrajya
  32. ^ https://gitapressbookshop.in/0698-%E0%A4%AE%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B0%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%B8%E0%A4%B5%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%A6-%E0%A4%94%E0%A4%B0-%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%AE%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%9C%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%AF-marksvad-aur-ramrajya-
  33. ^ https://archive.org/details/VicharPiyush305to308512to519miss
  34. ^ https://www.exoticindiaart.com/book/details/vichar-piyush-selected-writing-of-dharma-samrat-shri-karapatri-ji-nzh121/
  35. ^ https://archive.org/details/bhaktisudha_201611
  36. ^ https://gitapressbookshop.in/1982-%E0%A4%AD%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%A4%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%B8%E0%A5%81%E0%A4%A7%E0%A4%BE-bhakti-sudha-
  37. ^ https://archive.org/details/bhagavatasudha
  38. ^ https://archive.org/details/radhasudha
  39. ^ https://archive.org/details/bhaktirasarnava
  40. ^ https://archive.org/details/PibataBhagavataRasamalayaKarapatrijiMaharaj_201802
  41. ^ https://archive.org/details/KaalMimansa
  42. ^ https://archive.org/details/KyaSambhogSeSamadhi_201609
  43. ^ https://archive.org/details/wg531
  44. ^ https://archive.org/details/ramayanmimansa
  45. ^ https://archive.org/details/vedkaswaroopaurpramanyapart1shriswamikarpatrijimaharaj.
  46. ^ https://archive.org/details/VedaPramanyaMimansa
  47. ^ https://archive.org/details/VedaSwaroopVimarshaKarpatriji
  48. ^ https://archive.org/details/SamanvayaSamrajyaSanrakshanamKarpatriJi
  49. ^ https://archive.org/details/ahamarthaparamarthasarakarpatriji
  50. ^ https://archive.org/details/nastikastikvaadkarpatriji
  51. ^ https://archive.org/details/VideshYatra-KarpatriJi
  52. ^ https://archive.org/details/sankirtanamimansakarpatri
  53. ^ https://archive.org/details/LaviB
  54. ^ https://www.exoticindiaart.com/book/details/rss-and-hindu-dharma-nzh123/
  55. ^ https://archive.org/details/GauEkSamagraChintanKarpatriji
  56. ^ https://archive.org/details/vedarthaparijata
  57. ^ https://archive.org/details/KumbhaTithyadiNirnaya
  58. ^ https://www.exoticindiaart.com/book/details/karpatri-ji-s-commentary-on-shukla-yajurveda-samhita-photo-copy-spiral-binding-set-of-8-volumes-mzr399/
  59. ^ https://archive.org/details/yajurvedakarpatrabhashya01
  60. ^ https://archive.org/details/yajurvedakarpatrabhashya02
  61. ^ https://archive.org/details/yajurvedakarpatrabhashya03
  62. ^ https://archive.org/details/yajurvedakarpatrabhashya04
  63. ^ https://archive.org/details/yajurvedakarpatrabhashya05
  64. ^ https://archive.org/details/yajurvedakarpatrabhashya06
  65. ^ https://archive.org/details/yajurvedakarpatrabhashya07
  66. ^ https://archive.org/details/yajurvedakarpatrabhashya08