Sviyazhsk (Russian: Свия́жск; Tatar: Зөя, Zöye) is a rural locality (a selo) in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, located at the confluence of the Volga and Sviyaga Rivers. It is often referred to as an island since the construction of the Kuybyshev Reservoir downstream at Tolyatti, in 1955, but it is in fact connected to the mainland by a causeway.
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Location||Republic of Tatarstan, Russia|
|Inscription||2017 (41st Session)|
|Area||3.25 ha (8.0 acres)|
|Buffer zone||11,563.9 ha (28,575 acres)|
Sviyazhsk was founded in 1551 as a fortress, which was built within four weeks from parts made in Uglich and transported down the Volga. It became a military base of the Russian army during the siege of Kazan (1552).
Since the 15th century, Sviyazhsk served as a center of an uyezd. In 1920–1927, it was a center of Sviyazhsky Kanton; in 1927–1931—the administrative center of Sviyazhsky District. In 1932, it was demoted to rural status.
There is a school and a club in Sviyazhsk, as well as a monastery associated with the name of Macarius of Unzha.
Sviyazhsk railway station is located 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) west of the island and is linked with Sviyazhsk proper by a highway running along a causeway.
Another way to get there is by a boat from the port of Kazan. In summer everyday at 08:30 a fast boat departs at pier 8, and at 09:00 a slow boat. Tickets can be bought on the spot near the kassa.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sviyazhsk.|
- Drayton, James. "Sviyazhsk". home to roam. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
- Assumption Cathedral and Monastery of the town-island of Sviyazhsk
- (in Tatar) "Зөя". Tatar Encyclopaedia. Kazan: The Republic of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 2002.