Svea Artillery Regiment

The Svea Artillery Regiment[2] (Swedish: Svea artilleriregemente), designation A 1, was a Swedish Army artillery regiment that traced its origins back to the 17th century. It was disbanded in 1997. The regiment's soldiers were originally recruited from Svealand, and it was also garrisoned there.

Svea Artillery Regiment
Svea artilleriregemente
Artilleriregementet vapen.svg
Active1794–1997
Country Sweden
AllegianceSwedish Armed Forces
BranchSwedish Army
TypeArtillery
SizeRegiment
Part of4th Military District (1833–1888)
5th Military District (1889–1893)
4th Army Division (1893–1901)
IV Army Division (1902–1927)
Eastern Army Division (1928–1936)
IV Army Division (1937–1942)
IV Military Area (1942–1966)
Eastern Military Area (1966–1991)
Middle Military Area (1991–1997)
Garrison/HQLinköping
ColorsMedium blue
March"Spirito militare" (Manasse)[note 1]
Anniversaries4 December[note 2]
Insignia
Branch insigniaTruppslagstecken för artilleriet.jpg
Shoulder sleeve insigniaMILI.009921.jpg

HistoryEdit

The regiment has its origins in the Artillery Regiment raised in 1636. That regiment was split into four new regiments in 1794 of which Svea Artillery Regiment was one. The regiment was given the designation A 1 (1st Artillery Regiment) in 1830. In 1889 three companies garrisoned in Vaxholm became independent and formed Vaxholm Artillery Corps.

In 1893 another four companies were split off to form Norrland Artillery Regiment and 2nd Svea Artillery Regiment. Due to this the regiment also changed name to 1st Svea Artillery Regiment. The name was changed back again in 1904. The regiment was garrisoned in Stockholm but moved to Linköping in 1963 before being disbanded in 1997.

CampaignsEdit

  • ?

OrganisationEdit

  • ?

Heraldry and traditionsEdit

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of the arms of the Svea Artillery Regiment (A 1) 1977–1997. Blazon: "Azure, the Swedish minor coat-of-arms, three open crowns or. The shield surmounted two gunbarrels of older pattern in saltire or. The gunbarrels may be sable".[3]

MedalsEdit

In 1943, the Svea artilleriregementes (A 1) förtjänstmedalj ("Svea Artillery Regiment (A 1) Medal of Merit") in gold and silver (SveaartregGM/SM) of the 8th size was established. The medal ribbon is divided in blue, red and blue moiré.[4]

In 1997, the Svea artilleriregementes (A 1) minnesmedalj ("Svea Artillery Regiment (A 1) Commemorative Medal") in bronze (SveartregSMM) of the 8th size was established. The medal ribbon is of blue moiré with a broad red stripe on the middle followed on both sides by a yellow stripe.[5]

Commanding officersEdit

Regimental commanders between 1900 and 1997.[6]

  • 1898–1902: Salomon Gottschalk Alfons Geijer
  • 1902–1909: Otto Wilhelm Virgin
  • 1909–1918: Gabriel Torén
  • 1918–1922: Axel Breitholtz
  • 1922–1926: Ludvig Hammarskiöld
  • 1926–1927: Axel Lyström
  • 1928–1935: Pehr Lagerhjelm
  • 1935–1937: Sture Gadd
  • 1937–1938: Hjalmar Thorén
  • 1938–1940: Axel Rappe
  • 1940–1941: Samuel Åkerhielm (acting 1939)
  • 1941–1941: Gunnar Ekeroth (acting 1941)
  • 1941–1942: Gustaf Dyrssen
  • 1942–1948: Folke Ericsson
  • 1948–1951: Bert Carpelan
  • 1951–1953: Karl Ångström
  • 1953–1955: Gunnar af Klintberg
  • 1955–1959: Bengt Elis Leopold Brucsewitz
  • 1959–1961: Stig O:son Linström
  • 1961–1966: Carl Reuterswärd
  • 1966–1968: Tore Gustaf Arne Rääf
  • 1968–1974: Sven Werner
  • 1974–1979: Åke Eriksson
  • 1979–1982: Sven Perfors
  • 1982–1987: Rune Eriksson
  • 1987–1990: Karl-Ivar Pesula
  • 1990–1995: Curt-Christer Gustafsson
  • 1995–1997: Christer Lidström

Names, designations and locationsEdit

Name Translation From To
Kungl. Svea artilleriregemente Royal Svea Artillery Regiment 1794-06-23 1892-12-31
Kungl. Första Svea artilleriregemente Royal First Svea Artillery Regiment 1893-01-01 1904-12-07
Kungl. Svea artilleriregemente Royal Svea Artillery Regiment 1904-12-08 1974-12-31
Svea artilleriregemente Svea Artillery Regiment 1975-01-01 1997-12-31
Designation From To
№ 1 1830-??-?? 1914-09-30
A 1 1914-10-01 1997-12-31
Location From To
Stockholm Garrison 1877-??-?? 1949-06-08
Sundbyberg/Rissne 1946-11-04 1963-03-31
Linköping Garrison 1963-04-01 1997-12-31

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ The march was established in 1953 by Army Order 33/1953.[1]
  2. ^ 4 December is saint day of Saint Barbara.

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Sandberg 2007, p. 53
  2. ^ Gullberg 1977, p. 930
  3. ^ Braunstein 2006, p. 32
  4. ^ Braunstein 2007, p. 81
  5. ^ Braunstein 2007, p. 103
  6. ^ Kjellander 2003, p. 311

PrintEdit

  • Braunstein, Christian (2006). Heraldiska vapen inom det svenska försvaret [Heraldry of the Swedish Armed Forces] (PDF). Skrift / Statens försvarshistoriska museer, 1101-7023 ; 9 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Statens försvarshistoriska museer. ISBN 91-971584-9-6. SELIBR 10099224.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Braunstein, Christian (2007). Utmärkelsetecken på militära uniformer [Decorations on Swedish military uniforms] (PDF). Skrift / Statens försvarshistoriska museer, 1101-7023 ; 12 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Statens försvarshistoriska museer. ISBN 978-91-976220-2-8. SELIBR 10423295.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Gullberg, Ingvar E. (1977). Svensk-engelsk fackordbok för näringsliv, förvaltning, undervisning och forskning [A Swedish-English dictionary of technical terms used in business, industry, administration, education and research] (in Swedish) (2nd ed.). Stockholm: Norstedt. ISBN 91-1-775052-0. SELIBR 8345587.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Kjellander, Rune (2003). Sveriges regementschefer 1700-2000: chefsbiografier och förbandsöversikter (in Swedish). Stockholm: Probus. ISBN 91-87184-74-5. SELIBR 8981272.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Sandberg, Bo (2007). Försvarets marscher och signaler förr och nu: marscher antagna av svenska militära förband, skolor och staber samt igenkännings-, tjänstgörings- och exercissignaler (in Swedish) (New ed.). Stockholm: Militärmusiksamfundet med Svenskt marscharkiv. ISBN 978-91-631-8699-8. SELIBR 10413065.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

Further readingEdit

  • Kleen, Willy (1934). Kungl. Svea artilleriregemente: en återblick (in Swedish). Stockholm. SELIBR 2744241.
  • Mankell, Julius (1866). Anteckningar rörande svenska regementernas historia (in Swedish) (2nd ed.). Örebro: Lindh. pp. 146–166. SELIBR 1549756.
  • Larsson, Lars, ed. (1994). Svea artilleri i Linköping: minnesanteckningar från trettio år i Linköping vid 200-årsjubileet 1994 av tillkomsten av de självständiga artilleriregementena (in Swedish). Linköping: Svea artilleriregemente. SELIBR 1901086.
  • Rynestad, Bo, ed. (1997). De sista åren: anteckningar från de tre sista åren med tyngdpunkt på det sista (in Swedish). Linköping: Svea artilleriregemente. SELIBR 2550707.
  • Staf, Nils, ed. (1965). Från Tre kronor till Rissne: minnesskrift i anledning av Kungl. Svea artilleriregementes avflyttning från Stockholms garnison (in Swedish). Linköping: H.Carlsons bokh.(distr.). SELIBR 8224860.

Coordinates: 59°20′35″N 18°05′02″E / 59.34306°N 18.08389°E / 59.34306; 18.08389