Svante Nilsson (regent of Sweden)

Svante Nilsson ( c. 1460 – 2 January 1512) was a Swedish nobleman and regent of Sweden from 1504 – 2 January 1512. He was the father of Sten Sture the Younger (1493–1520) who later served as regent of Sweden, during the era of the Kalmar Union. [1][2]

Svante Nilsson
Svante Nilsson Regent of Sweden seal 1879.jpg
Seal of Svante Nilsson
Reign21 January 1504 – 2 January 1512
PredecessorSten Sture the Elder
SuccessorEric Trolle
Bornc. 1460
Norrtälje in Uppland
Died2 January 1512
Arboga in Västmanland
SpouseIliana Gisladotter Gädda
Mette Ivarsdotter Dyre
IssueSten Sture the Younger
HouseNatt och Dag
FatherNils Bosson
MotherBirgitta Bonde

BiographyEdit

Svante was born at Penningby Castle (Penningby slott), at Norrtälje in Uppland, the son of Nils Bosson Sture (ca 1426-1494). Nils belonged to the Natt och Dag dynasty, but took the surname Sture from his maternal grandfather Sven Sture [sv]. Svante himself never himself used the surname Sture, but his son Sten later adopted it in order to associate himself with the memory of Sten Sture the Elder (who, confusingly, was unrelated to Sven Sture but was nevertheless a distant cousin of Svante's through the Natt och Dag line). Svante's mother was Birgitta Tordsdotter Bonde (1439-1494), a member of the Bonde family and cousin of King Karl VIII. [3][4][5]

Svante became a member of the Privy Council of Sweden no later than 1482, but acted in opposition to his distant kinsman Sten Sture the Elder, going as far as supporting King John of Denmark. Unwillingly he then switched sides and supported Sten Sture in overthrowing the king. When Sten Sture died in 1503, Svante became head of state in January 1504. His resignation was demanded by the Privy Council of Sweden in the summer of 1511, on the grounds that he had neglected the defense on the occasion of Danish ravages. In practice he remained in power until his death at Arboga on 2 January 1512. Svante Nilsson was buried in Västerås Cathedral. [6][7]

His first marriage in 1486 was with Iliana Gisladotter Gädda. Through this marriage he was the father of future statesman and regent of Sweden, Sten Sture the Younger (1493–1520). He married a second time in 1504 with Mette Dyre (c. 1465-before 1533).[2][8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gunnar T Westin. "Svante Nilsson Sture". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Sten Sture d.y." Historiesajten. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  3. ^ "Penningby slot". svensktkulturarv.se. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  4. ^ "Natt och Dag, släkt". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  5. ^ "Sture". New International Encyclopædia. 5 February 2013. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  6. ^ "Svante Nilsson (Sture)". Historiesajten. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  7. ^ "Svante Nilsson Sture". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  8. ^ "Mette Dyre (ca. 1460 - ca. 1527)". Dansk Kvindebiografisk Leksikon. Retrieved August 1, 2020.

Other sourcesEdit

Svante Nilsson Sture
Born: 1460 Died: 2 January 1512
Regnal titles
Preceded by Regent of Sweden
1504–1512
Succeeded by