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The Sutta Nipata[1] (literally, "Suttas falling down") is a Buddhist scripture, a sutta collection in the Khuddaka Nikaya, part of the Pali Canon of Theravada Buddhism. All its suttas, thought to originate from before the Buddha's parinibbana, consist largely of verse, though some also contain some prose. It is divided into five sections:


  • Uraga Vagga ("The Chapter on the Serpent")[2]

(where no translation is given, the Sutta is named after a person)

1. Uraga Sutta ("The Serpent")

2. Dhaniya Sutta

3. Khaggavisāṇa Sutta ("The Rhinoceros")

4. Kasibhāradvāja Sutta

5. Cunda Sutta

6. Parābhava Sutta ("Downfall")

7. Vasala Sutta ("The Outcast")

8. Metta Sutta ("Loving-Kindness")

9. Hemavata Sutta

10. Āḷavaka Sutta

11. Vijaya Sutta ("Victory")

12. Muni Sutta

  • Cūla Vagga ("The Minor Chapter")

1. Ratana Sutta ("Gems")

2. Āmaghanda Sutta ("Carrion")

3. Hiri Sutta ("Moral Shame")

4. Mahamangala Sutta ("Blessings")

5. Sūciloma Sutta

6. Dhammacariya Sutta ("Righteous Conduct")

7. Brāhmaṇadhammika Sutta ("The Tradition of the Brahmins")

8. Nāvā Sutta ("The Boat")

9. Kiṃsīla Sutta ("What Good Behavior?")

10. Uṭṭhāna Sutta ("Arouse Yourselves!")

11. Rāhula Sutta

12. Vaṅgīsa Sutta

13. Sammāparibbājanīya Sutta ("Proper Wandering")

14. Dhammika Sutta

  • Mahā Vagga ("The Great Chapter")

1. Pabbajjā Sutta ("The Going Forth")

2. Padhāna Sutta ("Striving")

3. Subhāsita Sutta ("Well Spoken")

4. Sundarikabhāradvāja Sutta

5. Māgha Sutta

6. Sabhiya Sutta

7. Sela Sutta

8. Salla Sutta ("The Dart")

9. Vāseṭṭha Sutta

10. Kokālika Sutta

11. Nālaka Sutta

12. Dvayatānupassanā Sutta ("Contemplation of Dyads")

Some scholars[3] believe that it describes the oldest of all Buddhist practices. Others such as Bhikkhu Bodhi[4] and K. R. Norman[5] agree that it contains much early material.

In the Chinese Buddhist canon, a version of the Aṭṭhakavagga has survived. Fragmentary materials from a Sanskrit version of the Nipata also survive.[6]

Contents

TranslationsEdit

  • Tr V. Fausbøll, in Sacred Books of the East, volume X, Clarendon/Oxford, 1881; reprinted by Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi (?and by Dover, New York)
  • Buddha's Teachings, tr Lord Chalmers, Harvard Oriental Series, 1932
  • Woven cadences of early Buddhists, transl. by E. M. Hare. Sacred Books of the Buddhists vol.15, repr. - London: Oxford University Press, 1947 Internet Archive (PDF 11.4 MB)
  • The Group of Discourses, tr K. R. Norman, 1984, Pali Text Society[1], Bristol; the original edition included alternative translations by I. B. Horner & Walpola Rahula; these are currently available in the paperback edition under the title The Rhinoceros Horn and Other Early Buddhist Poems; the current edition under the original title omits these, but includes instead the translator's notes, not included in the paperback
  • Tr Saddhatissa, Curzon, London/Humanities Press, New York, 1985
  • Tr N. A. Jayawickrama, University of Kelaniya, 2001
  • Bodhi, Bhikkhu (2017). The Suttanipata: An Ancient Collection of the Buddha's Discourses and Its Canonical Commentaries. Wisdom Publications. ISBN 9781614294290.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ When referencing suttas from the Sutta Nipata the case-sensitive abbreviation "Sn" is used. This is distinguished from the abbreviation "SN" which traditionally refers to the Pali canon's Samyutta Nikaya.
  2. ^ Sutta names, spellings, and translations are taken from Bodhi Bhikku, The Suttanipāta—other translators may have made different choices.
  3. ^ Nakamura, Indian Buddhism, Japan, 1980; reprinted by Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, 1987, 1989, pp. 45-6.
  4. ^ Bodhi, Sutta-Nipāta - The oldest discourses in the Pali Canon (lectures), http://bodhimonastery.org/sutta-nipata.html
  5. ^ Norman, KR. The Rhinoceros Horn and Other Early Buddhist Poems (Sutta-Nipata), 1985.
  6. ^ Hoernle, A. F. Rudolf, The Sutta Nipata in a Sanskrit Version from Eastern Turkestan, The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (Oct., 1916), pp. 709-732 Published by: Cambridge University Press

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit