Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana

Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana (February 11, 1908 – July 17, 1994), was born in Natal, North Sumatra. His family came from Minangkabau who migrated there in the 19th century. He was a founder and editor of Poedjangga Baroe. He became one of Indonesian literature's guiding lights in its formative years, particularly in the time around independence. Sutan Takdir believed that Indonesia could learn from the values of western civilization and remained a great exponent of modernism throughout his life. A Renaissance man himself – the author of numerous books on a range of subjects – he was working on a novel at the time of his death in 1994. The famous novel, Layar Terkembang, showed him as a progressive author. He died in Jakarta on July 17, 1994.

Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana
Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana Kesusastraan Modern Indonesia p6.jpg
Born(1908-02-11)February 11, 1908
Natal, Dutch East Indies
DiedJuly 17, 1994(1994-07-17) (aged 86)
Jakarta, Indonesia
Notable worksDian yang Tak Kunjung Padam
Layar Terkembang
SpouseDr. Margaret Axer
ChildrenTamalia Alisjahbana, Marita Alisjahbana, Marga Alisjahbana, dan Mario Alisjahbana.


Alisjahbana was born on 11 February 1908.[1]

His first novel, Tak Putus Dirundung Malang (Misfortune without End) was published by Balai Pustaka in 1929.[1] STA Together with Amir Hamzah and Armijn Pane, they founded and edited a journal that contained the best work of prewar writers, called Poedjangga Baroe (The New Writer), and the journal was first published in 1933. In 1953, he edited Konfrontasi (Confrontation) as a substitute for Poedjangga Baroe.[1]

Under Japanese occupation, in 1943 he became a secretary of the Komisi Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian Language Commission). From 1946 to 1948, he was a professor of the Indonesian language at National University, Jakarta.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Raffel 1968, p. 33


  • Raffel, Burton (1968) [1967]. Development of Modern Indonesian Poetry (2nd ed.). Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0-87395-024-4.