Susan Strasberg

Susan Elizabeth Strasberg (May 22, 1938 – January 21, 1999) was an American stage, film, and television actress. She was nominated for a Tony Award at the age of 18 for playing the title role in The Diary of Anne Frank. Later in her career, she wrote two best-selling books.

Susan Strasberg
1973 Susan Strasberg.jpg
Strasberg's 1973 promotional image for Mannix
Born
Susan Elizabeth Strasberg

(1938-05-22)May 22, 1938
New York City, U.S.
DiedJanuary 21, 1999(1999-01-21) (aged 60)
New York City, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
OccupationActress
Years active1953–1992
Spouse(s)
(
m. 1965; div. 1968)
Children1
Parent(s)Lee Strasberg
Paula Strasberg
RelativesJohn Strasberg (brother)

BiographyEdit

Early lifeEdit

 
Strasberg in the 1950s

Strasberg was born in New York City to theatre director and drama coach Lee Strasberg of the Actors Studio and former actress Paula Strasberg. Her brother, John, is an acting coach. Her father was born in what is now Ukraine, and her mother in New York City. They were both from Jewish families who emigrated from Europe.

Strasberg attended the Professional Children's School, and then spent time at both The High School of Music & Art and the High School of Performing Arts. She also did some modelling.[1]

Early rolesEdit

At age 14, Strasberg appeared off-Broadway in Maya in 1953, which ran seven performances. Her TV debut was in "Catch a Falling Star", an episode of Goodyear Playhouse directed by Delbert Mann the same year.[1]

She was in Romeo and Juliet for Kraft Theatre (1954), playing Juliet, and episodes of General Electric Theater and Omnibus.[2]

She had a regular role in a short-lived sitcom, The Marriage, playing the daughter of Hume Cronyn and Jessica Tandy. It was the first network show broadcast in color.

Strasberg made her film debut in The Cobweb (1955). She followed it with a widely praised performance as a teenager in Picnic (1955), playing the younger sister of Kim Novak.[3]

The Diary of Anne FrankEdit

Strasberg originated the title role in the Broadway production of The Diary of Anne Frank, directed by Garson Kanin, which ran for 717 performances from 1955 to 1957. Brooks Atkinson wrote that she was "a slender, enchanting young lady with a heart-shaped face, a pair of burning eyes, and the soul of an actress."

Strasberg was nominated for a Tony Award at the age of 18 and became the youngest actress to star on Broadway with her name above the marquee title. In 1955 she appeared twice on the cover of Life (July 11, 1955 issue; November 11, 1955 issue) and soon after on the cover of Newsweek (December 19, 1955 issue).

During her run on the show she did The Cradle Song with Helen Hayes on TV.[4]

The success of the play led to numerous film offers.[5] She decided on the lead in Stage Struck (1958), directed by Sidney Lumet. It was a remake of Morning Glory (1933) with Katharine Hepburn. According to one obituary, "It had seemed as if the beautiful, dark-haired actress might have an impact equal to that made by Jean Simmons and Audrey Hepburn as ingenues."[1]

Strasberg was not cast in the George Stevens film version of Anne Frank. Several reasons have been suggested for this: that Stevens did not want to deal with the influence of Strasberg's mother, Paula, and that Stevens saw Strasberg at the end of the play's run when her performance had become tired. Strasberg did not test for the role.[1]

Strasberg's next appearance on Broadway was in Time Remembered (1957–58) by Jean Anouilh with Richard Burton and Helen Hayes. It was another success and ran for 248 performances.[6]

Strasberg continued to guest star on TV shows like Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse, Play of the Week (a production of The Cherry Orchard with Hayes), and Our American Heritage.

She was in the cast of the New York City Centre production of William Saroyan's The Time of Your Life that played at the Brussels World Fair in 1958. It was filmed for Armchair Theatre.

Strasberg appeared in Sean O'Casey's The Shadow of a Gunman (1958–59) for Jack Garfein alongside members of the Actors Studio; it ran for 52 performances. Brooks Atkinson said she had "willowy freshness".[7]

In 1959 she toured with Franchot Tone in Caesar and Cleopatra.

ItalyEdit

She went to Europe to star in the Italian–Yugoslav Holocaust film Kapò (1960), which was nominated for an Academy Award as its year's Best Foreign Language Film.[8]

Strasberg based herself in Italy for the next few years. "I wanted to see what it was like when I was alone", she said.[9]

She traveled to England to make Scream of Fear (1961) for Hammer Films, and in Italy did Disorder (1962) with Louis Jourdan and the Hollywood film Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man (1962).

Return to USEdit

Strasberg returned to the US to appear on Broadway in The Lady of the Camellias (1963), directed by Franco Zeffirelli. The director said Strasberg had the qualities of being "romantic, cynical, classical, contemporary."[10] The show only ran 13 performances.

Strasberg began to concentrate on television, guest-starring on Dr Kildare, Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre, Breaking Point, Burke's Law, and The Rogues.

She made The High Bright Sun (1965) in England then went back to TV: Run for Your Life, The Legend of Jesse James (starring Christopher Jones, who became her husband), The Big Valley and The Invaders.[11]

She made Chubasco (1967) with Jones, and did some counterculture movies: The Trip (1967) for Roger Corman, as the wife of Peter Fonda, and Psych-Out (1968) with Jack Nicholson. She also did The Name of the Game Is Kill! (1968), The Brotherhood (1968) and The Sisters (1969).

Late 1960s & 1970sEdit

In the late 1960s & 1970s Strasberg did mostly TV: The Big Valley, The Virginian, Bonanza, Lancer, The Name of the Game, Premiere, The F.B.I., CBS Playhouse, Marcus Welby, M.D., The Streets of San Francisco, Night Gallery, McCloud, Alias Smith & Jones, The Sixth Sense, Assignment Vienna, The Wide World of Mystery, The Evil Touch, Owen Marshall, Counselor at Law, The Rockford Files, and Mannix. "I did mediocre things because that way I didn't have to test myself", she said later. "I had a tremendous need not to shame my father."[12]

She did occasional TV movies like Hauser's Memory (1970), Mr. and Mrs. Bo Jo Jones (1971) and ...And Millions Die! (1973) and the occasional feature like Ternos Caçadores (1970), The Legend of Hillbilly John (1972), and Orson Welles' The Other Side of the Wind (ultimately released in 2018).

Strasberg had a regular role on the series Toma (1974).[13] She guested on Police Surgeon, McMillan & Wife, Petrocelli, Ellery Queen,Kate McShane, Medical Story, Bronk, and Harry O.[14]

Strasberg had the lead in So Evil, My Sister (1974) and was in Mystery at Malibu (1976), Sammy Somebody (1976), SST: Death Flight (1977), Rollercoaster (1977), The Manitou (1977),Tre soldi e la donna di classe (1977), In Praise of Older Women (1978), The Immigrants (1978), and Beggarman, Thief (1979).[15]

In 1976 she appeared in a short film directed by Lee Grant called The Stronger, based on a play by August Strindberg, which she said reignited her passion for acting.[12]

In 1980 she published a memoir, Bittersweet, because she said her career was "stalled. . . . It seemed totally untenable to me, acting for 25 years—I had played Juliet, Cleopatra, and Anne Frank—and there I was, sitting in Hollywood just waiting for somebody to want me."[1]

1980sEdit

In the 1980s Strasberg's credits included Bloody Birthday (1981), The Love Boat, Mazes and Monsters (1982), Sweet Sixteen (1983), The Returning (1983), The New Mike Hammer, Tales of the Unexpected, Tales from the Darkside, The Delta Force (1986), Remington Steele, Hot Shots, Murder, She Wrote, Cagney & Lacey, and The Runnin' Kind (1989).

"I love acting", she said in 1983. "I mean, I can't quite conceive of not doing it. But it's less important to me since I started writing, because I really like writing. And I really enjoy, I love lecturing and speaking and having that kind of contact with people too."[16]

Her last performances included the biopic Schweitzer (1990), the action movie Prime Suspect (1990) with Frank Stallone and Il giardino dei ciliegi (1992).

In 1993 she was a jury member for the 43rd Berlin International Film Festival.[17]

WritingEdit

 
Laurence Olivier and Marilyn Monroe visit Strasberg backstage at The Diary of Anne Frank

Strasberg wrote two best-selling books. Bittersweet was an autobiography in which she wrote about her tumultuous relationships with her parents and with actors Richard Burton and Christopher Jones, as well as with her own daughter's struggles with a heart defect. She received a $100,000 advance for it and sold paperback rights for $300,000.[18]

Marilyn and Me: Sisters, Rivals, Friends (1992) was about Strasberg's friendship with Marilyn Monroe, whom she called a "surrogate sister" and a "member" of the Strasberg family for many years.[19]

Strasberg was working on a third book about her personal spiritual journey at the time of her death entitled Confessions of a New Age Heretic.[20]

Personal lifeEdit

Before her marriage, Strasberg had relationships with Bobby Driscoll, Warren Beatty, Cary Grant, and Richard Burton.[21]

On September 25, 1965, Strasberg married actor Christopher Jones, with whom she had appeared in an episode of The Legend of Jesse James in Las Vegas.[22]

Their daughter, Jennifer Robin, was born six months later. The couple divorced in 1968.[23] Jennifer was born with a congenital birth defect, which Strasberg blamed on her and Jones's drug-taking.[1]

DeathEdit

In the mid 1990s Strasberg was diagnosed with breast cancer. Although believed to be in remission, she died of the disease at her home in New York City on January 21, 1999, at the age of 60.[24]

Filmography and televisionEdit

Awards and nominationsEdit

Year Award Category Production Result
1956 Tony Award Best Actress in a Play The Diary of Anne Frank Nominated
1956 Theatre World Award The Diary of Anne Frank Won
1957 BAFTA Film Award Most Promising Newcomer to Film Picnic Nominated
1961 Mar de Plata Film Festival Best Actress Kapò Won
1963 Golden Globe Best Actress – Drama Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man Nominated

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Vallance, Tom. "Culture: Obituary: Susan Strasberg," The Independent (24 January 1999).
  2. ^ Wolters, Larry (May 27, 1954). "WHERE TO DIAL TODAY: TV Picks a Juliet of Right Age". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. c12.
  3. ^ Berg, Louis (Dec 18, 1955). "Not-So-Lazy Susan". Los Angeles Times. p. J20.
  4. ^ VAL ADAMS (Feb 28, 1956). "ALL-STAR CAST SET FOR 'CRADLE SONG': Evans Signs Misses Hayes, Anderson, Strasberg and McKenna for TV Offering". New York Times. p. 63.
  5. ^ "Drama: 'Stagestruck' Aimed at Susan Strasberg". Los Angeles Times. June 13, 1956. p. B8.
  6. ^ SAM ZOLOTOW (14 June 1957). "SUSAN STRASBERG GETS COMEDY ROLE: She Will Appear Sept. 12 in 'Time Remembered,' Play from French by Anouilh Wouk Comedy Is Due 2 Players to London". New York Times. p. 21.
  7. ^ BROOKS ATKINSON (Nov 21, 1958). "Theatre: A Prologue to Greatness: ' Shadow of a Gunman' by O'Casey at Bijou". New York Times. p. 26.
  8. ^ Hopper, Hedda (Feb 20, 1960). "Looking at Hollywood: Susan Strasberg to Star in Italian Movie, 'Kapo'". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. n_a1.
  9. ^ William Glover. The Washington Post, Times Herald (Aug 5, 1962). "Grownup Susan Strasberg Used To Feel Old but Now Feels Young". p. G3.
  10. ^ LOUIS CALTA (Nov 11, 1961). "SUSAN STRASBERG TO PLAY CAMILLE: Zeffirelli Will Stage Dumas Tragedy Here Next Fall". New York Times. p. 15.
  11. ^ "Susan Strasberg Signed for Role". Los Angeles Times. Sep 24, 1965. p. C15.
  12. ^ a b Lee, Grant (9 July 1977). "FILM CLIPS: Susan Comes Out of Her Slump". Los Angeles Times. p. b6.
  13. ^ "Will success smile again on Susan Strasberg?". Chicago Tribune. Sep 30, 1973. p. j3.
  14. ^ Bergan, Ronald (Jan 25, 1999). "Obituary: Susan Strasberg: Lucky star who failed to shine". The Guardian;. p. 013.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  15. ^ JUDY KLEMESRUD (Apr 27, 1980). "Susan Strasberg Looks Back: Scenes From a Bittersweet Life: The Book's Beginning Frank Account of Affairs Mother's Bitterness Recalled". New York Times. p. 72.
  16. ^ Polak, Maralyn Lois (Dec 11, 1983). "SUSAN STRASBERG: A STAR IS REBORN". Philadelphia Inquirer. p. 11.
  17. ^ "Berlinale: 1993 Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2011-05-29.
  18. ^ Anderson, Jon (6 July 1980). "Scenes from a life, played by Susan Strasberg". Chicago Tribune. p. i1.
  19. ^ Gussow, Mel (January 23, 1999). "ET Susan Strasberg, 60, Actress Lauded in 'Anne Frank,' Dies". New York Times. p. 2.
  20. ^ Bosworth, Patricia (June 2003). "The Mentor and the Movie Star". Vanity Fair. p. 1.
  21. ^ Smith, Kyle (February 8, 1999). "Frank Actress". People.
  22. ^ "Susan Strasberg Wed to Actor Chris Jones". Chicago Tribune. Oct 20, 1965. p. c3.
  23. ^ Strasberg, Susan (May 5, 1980). "A Child Born Under a Square". People. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
  24. ^ Welkos, Robert W. (January 23, 1999). "Susan Strasberg; Stage, Film Actress, Daughter of Famed Acting Teacher". Los Angeles Times.

External linksEdit