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The survival film is a film genre in which one or more characters make an effort at physical survival. It often overlaps with other film genres. It is a subgenre of the adventure film, along with swashbuckler films, war films, and safari films. Survival films are darker than most other adventure films which usually focus their storyline on a single character, usually the protagonist. The films tend to be "located primarily in a contemporary context" so film audiences are familiar with the setting, meaning the characters' activities are less romanticized.
In a 1988 book, Thomas Sobchack compared the survival film to romance: "They both emphasize the heroic triumph over obstacles which threaten social order and the reaffirmation of predominant social values such as fair play and respect for merit and cooperation." The author said survival films "identify and isolate a microcosm of society", such as the surviving group from the plane crash in The Flight of the Phoenix (1965) or those on the overturned ocean liner in The Poseidon Adventure (1972). Sobchack explained, "Most of the time in a survival film is spent depicting the process whereby the group, cut off from the securities and certainties of the ordinary support networks of civilized life, forms itself into a functioning, effective unit." The group often varies in types of characters, sometimes to the point of caricature. While women have historically been stereotyped in such films, they "often play a decisive role in the success or failure of the group".
List of filmsEdit
- Sobchack 1988, p. 12
- Sobchack 1988, p. 14
- Sobchack 1988, p. 15
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- Kaufman, Amy (September 3, 2015). "Fall Movie Guide: Making 'Everest' was a tall order for filmmakers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- Vanhala, Helena (2011). "International Terrorism and the Commercial Hollywood Film Industry". The Depiction of Terrorists in Blockbuster Hollywood Films, 1980-2001: An Analytical Study. McFarland. p. 105. ISBN 978-0-7864-3662-0.
- Adams, Sam (September 2, 2015). "First Reviews of 'Everest': Stunning Spectacle, So-So Drama". Criticwire. Indiewire. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- Guzman, Rafer (January 27, 2012). "Survivor films: Which live, which die – and why?". The Sacramento Bee.
- Topel, Fred (November 6, 2012). "AFI 2012 Review: The Impossible". CraveOnline.com. CraveOnline Media, LLC. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- Chang, Justin (December 2, 2015). "Film Review: 'In the Heart of the Sea'". Variety. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
- Mertes, Micah (November 1, 2013). "The 10 best survival movies". Omaha World-Herald. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- Jones, Morgan. "Utah Nutty Putty Cave accident to be depicted in new film, 'The Last Descent'". Desert News. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
- Holden, Ed (December 19, 2012). "Life of Pi review". MSN Movies. MSN. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- Yacowar, Maurice (2003). "The Bug in the Rug". In Grant, Barry Keith. Film Genre Reader III. University of Texas Press. pp. 281–282. ISBN 978-0-292-70185-4.
- Gettell, Oliver (June 8, 2015). "'The Martian' trailer: Matt Damon is lost in space (again)". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- Roddy, Michael (February 5, 2015). "Arctic survival film, from female perspective, kicks off Berlin fest". reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- Bahr, Lindsey (January 11, 2016). "'Martian,' 'Revenant' get awards boost with top Globes wins". ap.org. Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 11, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2016.
- Leskosky, Richard J. (February 2, 2014). "A new film genre: Solitary survival". The News-Gazette. Retrieved October 6, 2015.
- Burr, Ty (February 4, 2011). "Sanctum". The Boston Globe.
- Stolworthy, Jacob (June 9, 2016). "The Shallows could be the shark film all horror fans have been waiting for since Jaws". The Independent. Retrieved April 6, 2017.
- Shapiro, Jerome F. (2001). Atomic Bomb Cinema: The Apocalyptic Imagination on Film. Routledge. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-415-93660-6.