Surgujia dialect

Surgujia is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Chhattisgarh. It belongs to the Eastern Hindi subgroup.

Native toIndia
Native speakers
1,738,256 (2011 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3sgj


Surgujia is primarily spoken in Surguja, Jashpur, and Koriya districts of Chhattisgarh; and to a lesser extent in Raigarh and Korba.

Speakers of Surgujia have often been conflated with those of Chhattisgarhi. Furthermore, as is the case with many Hindi languages and other regional languages, Surgujia has often been subsumed under the all-encompassing bracket of Standard Hindi due to erroneous, arbitrary or politically-motivated categorisation.


It was previously regarded by many as a dialect of Chhattisgarhi, and was designated as such by the linguist George A. Grierson in his comprehensive Linguistic Survey of India.[4][5] Indeed, Surgujia possesses a lexical similarity of 71%-76% with Chhattisgarhi, according to Ethnologue.[6] In recent times, however, Surgujia has come to be recognised as a distinct dialect.


  1. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  2. ^ Surgujia dialect at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Surgujia". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ "The Record News". Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "Surgujia". Retrieved 22 December 2018.