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Supreme National Security Council (SNSC; Persian: شورای عالی امنیت ملیShowrāye Āliye Amniyate Mellī) is the national security council of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the current secretary of the Supreme National Security Council of which is Rear Admiral Upper Half Ali Shamkhani. He was appointed to position of secretary by the president Hassan Rouhani On 10 September 2013. The council for the protection and support of national interests and Islamic revolution and territorial integrity and national sovereignty of the country has been formed. This institution was founded during the 1989 revision of the constitution.[1]

The responsibilities of the council are defined by the constitution as :

  1. Determining the defense and national security policies of the country within the framework of general policies determined by the Leader.
  2. Coordination of activities political, intelligence, social, cultural and economic fields in the relating to general policies of defense and national security.
  3. Exploitation of materialistic and intellectual resources of the country for facing the internal and external threats.

Contents

CompositionEdit

This National Security Council is mandated by Article 176 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran to be presided over by the president of the country.[2] The president selects the secretary of the Supreme council.[3] The decisions of the Council are effective after the confirmation by the Supreme Leader.[4] Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei and the Supreme National Security Council (SNSC) are at the top of the foreign policy decisions process.

Nuclear policyEdit

Supreme National Security Council formulates the country's nuclear policy. The nuclear policies formulated by the council would become effective if they are confirmed by the Supreme Leader.[5] The secretary of the Supreme council was the chief nuclear negotiator of Iran until 5 September 2013 when responsibility for nuclear talks was assigned to the ministry of foreign affairs.[6]

List of SecretariesEdit

Secretary Tenure Political Position Appointed by Supreme Leader
Name Picture Took office Left Office
1 Hassan Rouhani   14 October 1989 15 August 2005 Right wing Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani Ali Khamenei
Mohammad Khatami
2 Ali Larijani   15 August 2005 20 October 2007 Principlist Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
3 Saeed Jalili   20 October 2007 10 September 2013
4 Ali Shamkhani   10 September 2013 Incumbent Reformist Hassan Rouhani

MembersEdit

As of 2019, following members are:[7]

# Appointer Ex officio member current officeholder Position in the Supreme Council
1 Popular election President Hassan Rouhani Chairman
2 Indirect election Speaker of the Parliament Ali Larijani Member
3 Supreme Leader Chief Justice Ebrahim Raisi
4 Supreme Leader Representatives   Ali Shamkhani Secretary (Appointed by President)
5 Saeed Jalili Member
6 Chief of the General Staff   Mohammad Bagheri
7 Chief of the Army   Abdolrahim Mousavi
8 Chief of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps   Hossein Salami
9 President Minister of Foreign Affairs Mohammad Javad Zarif
10 Minister of the Interior Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli
11 Minister of Intelligence Mahmoud Alavi
12 Head of Management and Planning Organization Mohammad Bagher Nobakht
13 Minister related with the Subject of Agenda of the Council Other Cabinet Ministers Temporary member

References and notesEdit

  1. ^ Islamic Republic of Iran, The Supreme National Security Council (SNSC)
  2. ^ § 1 of Article 176
  3. ^ ISNA - 08-15-2005 - 84/5/24 - سرويس: / سياسي / شماره خبر: 569141 Archived 2007-10-24 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ § 5 of Article 176
  5. ^ Article 176
  6. ^ "Iran's Rouhani shifts responsibility for nuclear talks". BBC. 5 September 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  7. ^ Iranian Supreme National Security Council Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit