Supreme Court of Bolivia

The Supreme Court of Bolivia (Corte Suprema de Justicia de Bolivia) was the Bolivia's highest court from 1825 to 2012. It was located in Sucre, 410 kilometres to the south-east of La Paz, Bolivia's capital. The Court was created by the Supreme Decree (Decreto Supremo) of April 27, 1825,[1] which transformed the Royal Audience of Charcas (Audiencia y Cancillería Real de La Plata de los Charcas) of imperial Spain into the Supreme Court of the newly independent country. The Supreme Court of Bolivia was officially inaugurated on July 16, 1827.[2][3][4][5]

CompositionEdit

The Supreme Court of Bolivia was composed of 12 ministers (judges) who served 10-year terms after election by the National Congress.

In 1827, Manuel María Urcullo became the first President of the Supreme Court of Bolivia.[6] He was joined by Ministers (Judges) Mariano Guzmán, Juan de la Cruz Monje y Ortega, and Casimiro Olañeta. The following individuals were among the 56 ministers that served as the court's president:[7]

  • José María Serrano
  • Casimiro Olañeta
  • José María Dalence
  • Manuel Sánchez de Velasco
  • Pantaleón Dalence
  • Belisario Boeto
  • Luis Paz
  • Ángel Sandóval
  • Mario C. Araoz
  • José Torrico Sierra
  • Manuel Durán Padilla[8]
  • Raúl Romero Linares
  • Remberto Prado Montaño
  • Édgar Oblitas Fernández[9]
  • Óscar Hassenteufel Salazar
  • Eduardo Rodríguez Veltzé[10]
  • Héctor Sandóval Parada

AbolitionEdit

The court was superseded in January 2012 by the Supreme Court of Justice under the 2009 constitution.[11][12]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "GACETA OFICIAL DEL ESTADO PLURINACIONAL DE BOLIVIA". www.gacetaoficialdebolivia.gob.bo. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  2. ^ "The Bolivian Legal System and Legal Research - GlobaLex". www.nyulawglobal.org. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  3. ^ A Guide to the Official Publications of the Other American Republics: Haiti. 1945.
  4. ^ Clagett, Helen Lord (1947). A Guide to the Law and Legal Literature of Bolivia. Library of Congress.
  5. ^ Lofstrom, William Lee (1972). The promise and problem of reform: attempted social and economic change in the first years of Bolivian independence. Cornell University.
  6. ^ "Los cambios en 186 años". www.opinion.com.bo. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  7. ^ "Justicia. Tras 184 años, la Corte Suprema de Bolivia cierra un ciclo con 56 presidentes". eju.tv (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  8. ^ Conferencia de Ministros de Justicia de Los Países Iberoamericanos (in Spanish). Ministerio de Justicia. ISBN 9788477871545.
  9. ^ "La suspensión del presidente de la Corte Suprema agrava la crisis judicial de Bolivia - EcoDiario.es". ecodiario.eleconomista.es (in Spanish). 2009-05-14. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  10. ^ Doyle, Michael Scott; Fryer, T. Bruce (2018-01-01). Éxito comercial (in Spanish). Cengage Learning. ISBN 9781337670890.
  11. ^ "Bolivia Judicial branch - Government". www.indexmundi.com. Retrieved 2019-04-09.
  12. ^ "Bolivia". freedomhouse.org. 2018-01-04. Retrieved 2019-04-09.