Supreme Council of Belarus

The Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus, sometimes translated as Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Belarus (Belarusian: Вярхоўны Савет Рэспублікі Беларусь), was the unicameral legislature of Belarus between 1991 and 1996.

Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus

Вярхоўны Савет Рэспублікі Беларусь
Republic of Belarus
Coat of arms of Belarus (1991–1995).svg Coat of arms of Belarus.svg
Coats of Arms of Belarus
(1991–95 and 1995–1996)
Preceded bySupreme Soviet of the Byelorussian SSR
Succeeded byNational Assembly of Belarus
Meeting place
House of Representatives of Belarus.jpg
Government House, Minsk

It was essentially a continuation of the Supreme Soviet of the Byelorussian SSR of 1938–1991 immediately after the Soviet Union's collapse in 1991, which in its turn was the successor of both the All-Byelorussian Congress of Soviets (1919–1937) and its Central Executive Committee (1920–1938), and all of which had been the highest organs of state power in Belarus during 1920–1990.[1] During 1990–1996 it functioned as a permanent parliament.

From 1991 to 1994, the chairman was both the de jure and de facto head of state of Belarus, and the post was considered equivalent to that of president.

Since 1994 the head of state has been the President of Belarus, with the executive power being the Council of Ministers of Belarus. Since 1996, the National Assembly of Belarus has been the bicameral legislature of Belarus and the President gained executive power as well as being the de facto head of government.

Chairmen of the Supreme CouncilEdit

Stanislaw Shushkevich September 18, 1991 – January 26, 1994
Vyachaslaw Kuznyatsow (acting) January 26, 1994 – January 28, 1994
Myechyslaw Hryb January 28, 1994 – January 10, 1996
Syamyon Sharetski (acting) January 10, 1996 – November 28, 1996