Superrosids

The superrosids are members of a large clade (monophyletic group) of flowering plants, containing more than 88,000 species,[2] more than a quarter of all angiosperms.[3]

Superrosids
Temporal range: Cretaceous–recent
Euphorbia heterophylla (Painted Euphorbia) in Hyderabad, AP W IMG 9720.jpg
Euphorbia heterophylla
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Core eudicots
Clade: Superrosids
Clades[1]

The clade is divided into 18 orders as defined in APG IV system. These orders, in turn, together comprise about 155 families.[1]

The name is based upon the name "Rosidae", which had usually been understood to be a subclass.

RelationshipsEdit

The rosids and Saxifragales form the superrosids clade.[4] This is one of three groups that compose the Pentapetalae (core eudicots minus Gunnerales),[5] the others being Dilleniales and the superasterids (Berberidopsidales, Caryophyllales, Santalales, and asterids).[4]

PhylogenyEdit

The phylogeny of superrosids shown below is adapted from the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group website.[4]

Saxifragales

rosids 

Vitales

eurosids 
fabids 

Zygophyllales

COM clade 

Celastrales

Malpighiales

Oxalidales

nitrogen‑fixing clade 

Fabales

Rosales

Fagales

Cucurbitales

malvids

Geraniales

Myrtales

Crossosomatales

Picramniales

Sapindales

Huerteales

Brassicales

Malvales

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2016). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 181 (1): 1–20. doi:10.1111/boj.12385.
  2. ^ Hengchang Wang; Michael J. Moore; Pamela S. Soltis; Charles D. Bell; Samuel F. Brockington; Roolse Alexandre; Charles C. Davis; Maribeth Latvis; Steven R. Manchester & Douglas E. Soltis (10 Mar 2009), "Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106 (10): 3853–3858, Bibcode:2009PNAS..106.3853W, doi:10.1073/pnas.0813376106, PMC 2644257, PMID 19223592
  3. ^ Robert W. Scotland & Alexandra H. Wortley (2003), "How many species of seed plants are there?", Taxon, 52 (1): 101–104, doi:10.2307/3647306, JSTOR 3647306
  4. ^ a b c Peter F. Stevens (2001), Angiosperm Phylogeny Website
  5. ^ Philip D. Cantino; James A. Doyle; Sean W. Graham; Walter S. Judd; Richard G. Olmstead; Douglas E. Soltis; Pamela S. Soltis & Michael J. Donoghue (2007), "Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta" (PDF), Taxon, 56 (3): 822–846, doi:10.2307/25065865, JSTOR 25065865

External linksEdit