Superior vesical artery

The superior vesical artery supplies numerous branches to the upper part of the bladder. This artery often also gives branches to the vas deferens and can provide minor collateral circulation for the testicles.

Superior vesical artery
Internal iliac branches.PNG
Male internal iliac artery and some of its branches. Superior vesical labeled at left.
Sourceumbilical artery, or anterior trunk of internal iliac artery
VeinVesical venous plexus
SuppliesUrinary bladder, ureter
Latinarteriae vesicales superiores
Anatomical terminology


The superior vesical artery is a branch of the umbilical artery.[1] The vesiculo-prostatic artery usually arises from the superior vesical artery in men.[2]


The first part of the superior vesical artery represents the terminal section of the previous portion of the umbilical artery (fetal hypogastric artery).


The middle vesical artery, usually a branch of the superior vesical artery, is distributed to the fundus of the bladder and the seminal vesicles. This artery is not usually described in modern anatomy textbooks. Instead, it is described that the superior vesical artery may exist as multiple vessels that arise from a common origin.


Other branches supply the ureter.


  This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 615 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ Cramer, Gregory D.; Ro, Chae-Song (2014-01-01), Cramer, Gregory D.; Darby, Susan A. (eds.), "Chapter 8 - The Sacrum, Sacroiliac Joint, and Coccyx", Clinical Anatomy of the Spine, Spinal Cord, and Ans (Third Edition), Saint Louis: Mosby, pp. 312–339, doi:10.1016/b978-0-323-07954-9.00008-6, ISBN 978-0-323-07954-9, retrieved 2021-02-06
  2. ^ Reeves, Fairleigh; Everaerts, Wouter; Murphy, Declan G.; Costello, Anthony (2016-01-01), Mydlo, Jack H.; Godec, Ciril J. (eds.), "Chapter 29 - The Surgical Anatomy of the Prostate", Prostate Cancer (Second Edition), San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 253–263, doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-800077-9.00029-3, ISBN 978-0-12-800077-9, retrieved 2021-02-06

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