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The Super Sentai Series (スーパー戦隊シリーズ Sūpā Sentai Shirīzu) is a Japanese superhero team franchise of TV series produced by Toei Company, Toei Agency and Bandai, and aired by TV Asahi ("Sentai" is the Japanese word for "task force" or "fighting squadron"). The shows are of the tokusatsu genre, featuring live action characters and colorful special effects, and are aimed at children. Super Sentai airs alongside the Kamen Rider series in the Super Hero Time programming block on Sunday mornings. Outside Japan, the Super Sentai Series is best known as the source material for the Power Rangers franchise.
|Super Sentai Series|
The official logo of the Super Sentai Series introduced in 2000 during the run of Mirai Sentai Timeranger
|Created by||Shotaro Ishinomori
|Original work||Himitsu Sentai Gorenger|
|Owner||TV Asahi (1975–present)
Toei Company (1975–present)
Toei Agency (1979–present)
|Films and television|
|Television series||See below|
|Video game(s)||Super Sentai Battle: Dice-O|
Soul of Chogokin
Super Robot Chogokin
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Super Sentai SeriesEdit
In every Super Sentai Series, the protagonists are a team of people who – using wrist-worn or hand-held devices – transform into superheroes and gain superpowers – color-coded uniforms, signature weapons, sidearms, and fighting skills – in order to battle a group of evil beings that threaten to take over the Earth. In a typical episode, the heroes thwart the enemies' plans and defeat an army of enemy soldiers and the monster of the week before an enlarged version of the monster confronts them, only to be defeated again when the heroes fight it with their mecha. Each Super Sentai Series is set in its own fictional universe, and various TV, video and film specials feature a team-up between one or more teams.
The series was created by Shotaro Ishinomori, then known for the Kamen Rider TV series, which ran from 1971 to 1973; and the manga Cyborg 009, which ran from 1964 to 1981. He developed the first two Super Sentai Series Himitsu Sentai Gorenger, which ran from 1975 to 1977; and J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai, released in 1977. Toei Company put the franchise on hiatus in 1978, collaborating with Marvel Comics to produce a live action Spider-Man series, which added giant robots to the concept of tokusatsu shows. The giant robot concept was carried over to Toei and Marvel's next show, Battle Fever J, released in 1979, and was used throughout the Super Sentai Series from then on.
In 1993, American production company Saban Entertainment adapted 1992's Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger into Mighty Morphin Power Rangers for the Fox Kids programming block, combining the original Japanese action footage with new footage featuring American actors for the story sequences. Since then, nearly every Super Sentai series that followed became a new season of Power Rangers. Some countries, such as France, Brazil, Thailand, and the Philippines, switched from broadcasting Super Sentai to Power Rangers. In 2002, Saban sold the Power Rangers franchise to Disney's Buena Vista division, who owned it until 2010, broadcasting Power Rangers on ABC Kids, ABC Family Channel, Jetix, and Toon Disney. In May 2010, Saban bought the franchise back from Disney, moving the show to the Nickelodeon network for 2011. On May 1 2018, toy company Hasbro announced they had acquired the Power Rangers franchise from Saban for $522 million.
The following is a list of the Super Sentai Series and their years of broadcast:
- Himitsu Sentai Gorenger (1975–1977); first series in the franchise and first series to be produced during the Shōwa period.
- J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai (1977)
- Battle Fever J (1979–1980)
- Denshi Sentai Denziman (1980–1981)
- Taiyo Sentai Sun Vulcan (1981–1982)
- Dai Sentai Goggle-V (1982–1983)
- Kagaku Sentai Dynaman (1983–1984)
- Choudenshi Bioman (1984–1985)
- Dengeki Sentai Changeman (1985–1986)
- Choushinsei Flashman (1986–1987)
- Hikari Sentai Maskman (1987–1988)
- Choujuu Sentai Liveman (1988–1989); last series to be produced during the Shōwa period.
- Kousoku Sentai Turboranger (1989–1990); first series to be produced during the Heisei period.
- Chikyu Sentai Fiveman (1990–1991)
- Chōjin Sentai Jetman (1991–1992)
- Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger (1992–1993); later adapted into Mighty Morphin Power Rangers for American audiences, starting the Power Rangers franchise.
- Gosei Sentai Dairanger (1993–1994)
- Ninja Sentai Kakuranger (1994–1995)
- Chouriki Sentai Ohranger (1995–1996)
- Gekisou Sentai Carranger (1996–1997)
- Denji Sentai Megaranger (1997–1998)
- Seijuu Sentai Gingaman (1998–1999)
- Kyuukyuu Sentai GoGoFive (1999–2000)
- Mirai Sentai Timeranger (2000–2001)
- Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger (2001–2002)
- Ninpuu Sentai Hurricaneger (2002–2003)
- Bakuryū Sentai Abaranger (2003–2004)
- Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger (2004–2005)
- Mahou Sentai Magiranger (2005–2006)
- GoGo Sentai Boukenger (2006–2007)
- Juken Sentai Gekiranger (2007–2008)
- Engine Sentai Go-onger (2008–2009)
- Samurai Sentai Shinkenger (2009–2010)
- Tensou Sentai Goseiger (2010–2011)
- Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger (2011–2012)
- Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters (2012–2013)
- Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger (2013–2014)
- Ressha Sentai ToQger (2014–2015)
- Shuriken Sentai Ninninger (2015–2016)
- Doubutsu Sentai Zyuohger (2016–2017)
- Uchu Sentai Kyuranger (2017–2018)
- Kaitou Sentai Lupinranger VS Keisatsu Sentai Patranger (2018–2019); last series to be produced during the Heisei period.
- 1975: Himitsu Sentai Gorenger
- 1975: Himitsu Sentai Gorenger: The Blue Fortress
- 1976: Himitsu Sentai Gorenger: The Red Death Match
- 1976: Himitsu Sentai Gorenger: The Bomb Hurricane
- 1976: Himitsu Sentai Gorenger: Fire Mountain's Final Explosion
- 1977: J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai
- 1978: J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai vs. Gorenger
- 1979: Battle Fever J
- 1980: Denshi Sentai Denziman
- 1981: Taiyo Sentai Sun Vulcan
- 1982: Dai Sentai Goggle-V
- 1983: Kagaku Sentai Dynaman
- 1984: Choudenshi Bioman
- 1985: Dengeki Sentai Changeman
- 1985: Dengeki Sentai Changeman: Shuttle Base! Crisis!
- 1986: Choushinsei Flashman
- 1987: Choushinsei Flashman: Big Rally! Titan Boy!!
- 1987: Hikari Sentai Maskman
- 1989: Kousoku Sentai Turboranger
- 1993: Gosei Sentai Dairanger
- 1994: Ninja Sentai Kakuranger
- 1994: Super Sentai World
- 1994: Toei Hero Daishugō
- 1995: Chouriki Sentai Ohranger
- 2001: Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger: The Fire Mountain Roars
- 2002: Ninpuu Sentai Hurricaneger: Shushutto The Movie
- 2003: Bakuryū Sentai Abaranger DELUXE: Abare Summer is Freezing Cold!
- 2004: Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger The Movie: Full Blast Action
- 2005: Mahou Sentai Magiranger The Movie: Bride of Infershia ~Maagi Magi Giruma Jinga~
- 2006: GoGo Sentai Boukenger The Movie: The Greatest Precious
- 2007: Juken Sentai Gekiranger: Nei-Nei! Hou-Hou! Hong Kong Decisive Battle
- 2008: Engine Sentai Go-onger: Boom Boom! Bang Bang! GekijōBang!!
- 2009: Engine Sentai Go-onger vs. Gekiranger
- 2009: Samurai Sentai Shinkenger the Movie: The Fateful War
- 2010: Samurai Sentai Shinkenger vs. Go-onger: GinmakuBang!!
- 2010: Tensou Sentai Goseiger: Epic on the Movie
- 2011: Tensou Sentai Goseiger vs. Shinkenger: Epic on Ginmaku
- 2011: Gokaiger Goseiger Super Sentai 199 Hero Great Battle
- 2011: Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger the Movie: The Flying Ghost Ship
- 2012: Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger vs. Space Sheriff Gavan: The Movie
- 2012: Kamen Rider × Super Sentai: Super Hero Taisen
- 2012: Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters the Movie: Protect the Tokyo Enetower!
- 2013: Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters vs. Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger: The Movie
- 2013: Kamen Rider × Super Sentai × Space Sheriff: Super Hero Taisen Z
- 2013: Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger: Gaburincho of Music
- 2014: Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger vs. Go-Busters: The Great Dinosaur Battle! Farewell Our Eternal Friends
- 2014: Heisei Riders vs. Shōwa Riders: Kamen Rider Taisen feat. Super Sentai
- 2014: Ressha Sentai ToQger the Movie: Galaxy Line S.O.S.
- 2015: Ressha Sentai ToQger vs. Kyoryuger: The Movie
- 2015: Super Hero Taisen GP: Kamen Rider 3
- 2015: Shuriken Sentai Ninninger the Movie: The Dinosaur Lord's Splendid Ninja Scroll!
- 2016: Shuriken Sentai Ninninger vs. ToQger the Movie: Ninja in Wonderland
- 2016: Doubutsu Sentai Zyuohger the Movie: The Exciting Circus Panic!
- 2017: Doubutsu Sentai Zyuohger vs. Ninninger the Movie: Super Sentai's Message from the Future
- 2017: Kamen Rider × Super Sentai: Ultra Super Hero Taisen
- 2017: Uchu Sentai Kyuranger the Movie: Gase Indaver Strikes Back
- 1996: Chōriki Sentai Ohranger: Ohré vs. Kakuranger
- 1997: Gekisou Sentai Carranger vs. Ohranger
- 1998: Denji Sentai Megaranger vs. Carranger
- 1999: Seijuu Sentai Gingaman vs. Megaranger
- 1999: Kyuukyuu Sentai GoGoFive: Sudden Shock! A New Warrior!
- 2000: Kyuukyuu Sentai GoGoFive vs. Gingaman
- 2001: Mirai Sentai Timeranger vs. GoGoFive
- 2001: Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger vs. Super Sentai
- 2003: Ninpuu Sentai Hurricaneger vs. Gaoranger
- 2004: Bakuryū Sentai Abaranger vs. Hurricaneger
- 2005: Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger vs. Abaranger
- 2006: Mahou Sentai Magiranger vs. Dekaranger
- 2007: GoGo Sentai Boukenger vs. Super Sentai
- 2008: Juken Sentai Gekiranger vs. Boukenger
- 2010: Samurai Sentai Shinkenger Returns
- 2011: Tensou Sentai Goseiger Returns
- 2013: Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters Returns vs. Dōbutsu Sentai Go-Busters
- 2013: Ninpuu Sentai Hurricaneger: 10 Years After
- 2014: Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger: 100 Years After
- 2015: Ressha Sentai ToQger Returns
- 2015: Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger: 10 Years After
- 2016: Shuriken Sentai Ninninger Returns
- 2017: Doubutsu Sentai Zyuohger Returns: Give Me Your Life! Earth Champion Tournament
- 2017: Space Squad: Uchuu Keiji Gavan vs. Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger
- 2017: Uchu Sentai Kyuranger: Episode of Stinger
- 2018: Uchu Sentai Kyuranger vs. Space Squad
- 2018: Engine Sentai Go-Onger: 10 Years Grand Prix
Televi Magazine releasesEdit
The following releases were on Super Video or Special DVD:
- 1992: Kyoryu Sentai Zyuranger Dino Video
- 1994: Ninja Sentai Kakuranger Super Video: The Hidden Scroll
- 1995: Chōriki Sentai Ohranger Member Notebook
- 1996: Gekisou Sentai Carranger Super Video
- 1997: Denji Sentai Megaranger Super Video: You Can Be One Too! A Mega Hero
- 1998: Seijuu Sentai Gingaman Super Video: The Secret Fruit of Wisdom
- 1999: Kyuukyuu Sentai GoGoFive: Five Lessons of Rescue Spirits
- 2000: Mirai Sentai Timeranger Super Video: All the Strongest Hero Secrets
- 2001: Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger Super Video: Showdown! Gaoranger vs. GaoSilver
- 2002: Ninpuu Sentai Hurricaneger Super Video: Super Ninja vs Super Kuroko
- 2003: Bakuryū Sentai Abaranger Super Video: All Bakuryuu Roaring Laughter Battle
- 2004: Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger Super Video: Super-Special Technique Showdown! DekaRed vs. DekaBreak
- 2005: Mahou Sentai Magiranger Special DVD: Great Presentation! The Super Magic of the Gold Grip Phone ~Goru Gooru Goo Goo~
- 2007: Juken Sentai Gekiranger Special DVD: Gyun-Gyun! Fist Sage Great Athletic Meet
- 2008: Engine Sentai Go-Onger Special DVD: It's a Seminar! Everyone GO-ON!!
- 2009: Samurai Sentai Shinkenger Special DVD: The Light Samurai's Surprise Transformation
- 2010: Tensou Sentai Goseiger Special DVD: Gotcha☆Miracle! Total Gathering Collection
- 2011: Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger Special DVD: Let's Do This Goldenly! Roughly! 36 Round Gokai Change!!
- 2012: Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters vs. Beet Buster vs. J
- 2013: Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger: It's Here! Armed On Midsummer Festival!!
- 2014: Ressha Sentai ToQger: Farewell, Ticket! The Wasteland Super ToQ Battle!
- 2015: Shuriken Sentai Ninninger: Aka Ninger vs. Star Ninger Hundred Nin Battle!
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Although the Super Sentai Series originated in Japan, various Sentai series have been imported and dubbed in other languages for broadcast in several other countries.
Bioman, Flashman, Maskman, Liveman, Turboranger, Fiveman, and Jetman were broadcast in France in the 1980s and early 1990s, with Maskman and Liveman marketed as Bioman 2 and Bioman 3, respectively. Additionally, Liveman, Turboranger, and Jetman were broadcast in Spain and Portugal. Denziman, Goggle-V, Sun Vulcan and Battle Fever J were broadcast in Italy. In addition, some episodes of Bioman and Turboranger were released on VHS in Greece. By the early 1990s, the Sentai broadcasts were replaced by Power Rangers and remains until this day.
Various Sentai series were broadcast in Malaysia starting with Hikari Sentai Maskman during the 1990s, dubbed in English and later in Malay. Almost all Super Sentai shows were broadcast in Thailand since the 1980s, a year following their Japanese debut. They were exclusively broadcast on Channel 9 from the late 1980s to early 1990s until Power Rangers replaced Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger in the mid-1990s. Since then, the series have appeared on various channels.
In Vietnam, most of the Super Sentai Series were fansubed into Vietnamese and posted on public internet sites. Phuong Nam Film licensed Vietnamese distribution of Super Sentai Series, starting with Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger in 2003, which was the best-selling series in the country at that time. As of 2018,[update] Phuong Nam Film continue to release the series a year or two after their Japanese premieres.
J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai was the first Sentai series to be shown in the Philippines in the late 1970s. Choudenshi Bioman (the last tokusatsu dubbed in English on Philippine television) and Hikari Sentai Maskman (the first Super Sentai Series dubbed in Filipino on IBC) were broadcast in the Philippines in the 1980s. Choudenshi Bioman was so popular that many people from that generation came to associate all the Super Sentai Series as continuations of it,[original research?] and Hikari Sentai Maskman was marketed as Bioman 2 Maskman on local TV. During the early 1990s, some other series were shown, such as Kousoku Sentai Turboranger, Chikyu Sentai Fiveman and Chōjin Sentai Jetman which became the last Sentai series to broadcast on ABC5 in 1994. Dai Sentai Goggle-V was also aired on RPN 9 in 1998 every Sunday morning. From 1995 to 1999 and 2004 to 2015, ABS-CBN aired the American-produced Power Rangers.
Super Sentai has been broadcast in South Korea, dubbed in Korean. The first such series was Choushinsei Flashman which aired as Jigu Bangwidae Flash Man (Earth Defence Squadron Flashman), released in video format in 1989 by the Daeyung Panda video company followed by Hikari Sentai Maskman and Chodenshi Bioman. Throughout the 1990s, Dai Sentai Goggle Five, Dengeki Sentai Changeman, Choujuu Sentai Liveman, Kousoku Sentai Turboranger were also released in video format. Recently,[when?] Tooniverse (formerly Orion Cartoon Network), JEI-TV (Jaeneung Television), Champ TV/Anione TV (Daewon Broadcasting), Cartoon Network South Korea, and Nickelodeon South Korea have broadcast Super Sentai Series a year following their original Japanese broadcast, but have changed the titles to "Power Rangers". Recently,[when?] the TV program have broadcast Bakuryuu Sentai Abaranger, Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger, Mahou Sentai Magiranger, GoGo Sentai Boukenger, Juken Sentai Gekiranger, Engine Sentai Go-onger, Tensou Sentai Goseiger, Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger, Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters, Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger, Ressha Sentai ToQger, Shuriken Sentai Ninninger, and Doubutsu Sentai Zyuohger under the titles of Power Rangers Dino Thunder, Power Rangers S.P.D., Power Rangers Magic Force, Power Rangers Treasure Force, Power Rangers Wild Spirits, Power Rangers Engine Force, Power Rangers Jungle Force, Power Rangers Miracle Force, Power Rangers Captain Force, Power Rangers Go-Busters, Power Rangers Dino Force, Power Rangers Train Force, Power Rangers Ninja Force, and Power Rangers Animal Force respectively. The Super Sentai series is expected to continue in South Korea with a dub of Uchu Sentai Kyuranger, which will be known as Power Rangers Galaxy Force.[original research?] Furthermore, Power Rangers Dino Force has the South Korea-exclusive sequel called Power Rangers Dino Force Brave.
Choushinsei Flashman and Choujuu Sentai Liveman were broadcast in Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru in the early 1990s, and as reruns in the early 2000s. Flashman arrived with Spanish dubbing done in Brazil and Liveman in Venezuela.
Dengeki Sentai Changeman, Flashman, Maskman and Goggle V were broadcast in Brazil. The first season to air was Changeman in 1988, on the TV Manchete channel (now RedeTV), and caused a tremendous impact in its time, considered a cult classic.[original research?]
In the early 1990s, the Sentai broadcasts in Latin America were replaced by Power Rangers.
After Honolulu, Hawaii's KIKU-TV had success with Android Kikaider (called Kikaida) and Kamen Rider V3 in the 1970s, multiple Super Sentai Series, including Himitsu Sentai Gorenger and Battle Fever J, were brought to the Hawaiian market, broadcast in Japanese with English subtitles by JN Productions. In 1985, Marvel Comics produced a pilot for an American adaptation of a Super Sentai Series, but the show was rejected by the major US TV networks. In 1986, Saban Productions produced a pilot for an American adaptation of Choudenshi Bioman titled Bio Man. In 1987, some episodes of Kagaku Sentai Dynaman were dubbed and aired as a parody on the USA Network television show Night Flight.
On 25 July 2014, Shout! Factory announced that they would release Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger on DVD in the United States. Since then, Shout! has become the official distributor of Super Sentai DVDs in North America.
Parody and homageEdit
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The Super Sentai Series has been parodied and emulated in various ways throughout the world. The term "Sentai" is also occasionally used to describe shows with premises similar to the Super Sentai Series.
Jushi Sentai France Five (later known as Shin Kenjushi France Five) is a French online mini-series that was released in six installments from 2000 to 2013. The series was so popular in Japan that Akira Kushida recorded its second opening theme.
As part of the Omoikkiri Ii!! TV television program, a series of features was produced on various spas and onsen around Japan titled Bihada Sentai Sparanger (美肌泉隊ＳＰＡレンジャー Bihada Sentai Suparenjā, Handsome Muscle Spring Corps Sparanger). This featured tokusatsu and drama actors Takashi Hagino (Changéríon of Choukou Senshi Changéríon and Kamen Rider Ouja of Kamen Rider Ryuki) as Spa Red (ＳＰＡレッド Supa Reddo), Kento Handa (Kamen Rider Faiz of Kamen Rider 555) as Spa Blue (ＳＰＡブルー Supa Burū), Kengo Ohkuchi (Emperor Z of Ressha Sentai ToQger) as Spa Green (ＳＰＡグリーン Supa Gurīn), Masashi Mikami (Bouken Blue in GoGo Sentai Boukenger) as Spa Yellow (ＳＰＡイエロー Supa Ierō), and Kohei Murakami (Kamen Rider Kaixa in Kamen Rider 555) as Spa Murasaki (ＳＰＡムラサキ（紫） Supa Murasaki, "purple" or "violet" in Japanese, a running joke would involve people referring to him as Spa Purple).
In 2013, Gainax produced EA's Rock (エアーズロック Eāzu Rokku), a 13-episode miniseries of live-action shorts which parodied the Super Sentai Series. The series' characters are all former members of a fighting group called Sensation Warriors Gokan Five (感覚戦士ゴカンファイブ Kankaku Senshi Gokan Faibu, "gokan" is Japanese for the "five senses"). EA's Rock is broadcast on the Tōmeihan Net 6 Japanese Association of Independent Television Stations as well as Nico Nico Douga.
Unofficial Sentai Akibaranger (非公認戦隊アキバレンジャー Hikōnin Sentai Akibarenjā) is a Toei-produced parody series that premiered in April 2012 on BS Asahi and Tokyo MX. Akibaranger is made for adult fans who were fans of the Super Sentai Series as children. The story features three otaku who live in the Akihabara district of Tokyo who receive technology from a scientist to fight an evil threat that at first only exists in their delusions, but eventually starts materializing itself in the real world. Like Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger, Akibaranger features guest appearances by veteran Super Sentai actors (as themselves rather than their characters), and voice actors and musicians who have worked in anime and tokusatsu. A second season aired in April 2013.
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愛國戦隊大日本 (Aikoku Sentai Dai-Nippon あい こく せん たい だい にっ ぽん, literally "Patriotic Squadron Great Japan")
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- Official Super Sentai Website (in Japanese)
- Toei Video's Super Sentai DVD Soft Guide (in Japanese)
- Bandai's Super Sentai website (in Japanese)
- Toei International Special Content: Super Sentai Series