A Super Over,[1][2] also called a one-over eliminator[3][4] or a one over per side eliminator,[5] is a tie-breaking method used in limited-overs cricket matches, where both teams play a single, additional over of six balls to determine the winner of the match. A match that goes to a Super Over is officially declared a "tie", and is won by the team who scores the most runs in the Super Over. Since a rule change in October 2019 for knockout and bilateral series matches, if a Super Over ends in a tie, it is followed by another Super Over.[6]



A Super Over was first used in 2008 in Twenty20, replacing the bowl-out method previously used for breaking a tie match. The Super Over was introduced into One Day International (ODI) cricket at the 2011 Cricket World Cup but left unused. For the following World Cup, a Super Over would decide only the final in the event of a tie. Ties in other knockout-stage matches returned to the previous rule where the team with the better group stage performance would advance. In 2017, the ICC instated Super Over in the knockout stages of that year's Women's Cricket World Cup and Champions Trophy.[7][8] The 2019 Cricket World Cup Final marked the first ever ODI (One Day International) to be decided by a Super Over: after the two teams tied on runs in their Super Over, England was declared the winner over New Zealand through the controversial boundary count-back rule, which has since been replaced with the rules above.[9]

Views on use


The Super Over is often used in the group stage of Twenty20 tournaments. Journalist Sambit Bal described this use as being unnecessary for situations outside knockout stages. He sees a tie being a satisfactory result both for the teams and in entertainment value.[10] Former New Zealand coach Mike Hesson also criticised the practice after his team lost two matches by Super Overs in the Super Eight group stage of the 2012 ICC World Twenty20.[11] After their loss in the 2019 Cricket World Cup final to England in a Super Over, New Zealand coach Gary Stead suggested that the ICC should have considered awarding the championship jointly to both teams rather than playing a tiebreaker.[12]



The International Cricket Council state the official rules for Super Overs in the Standard Twenty20 International Match Playing Conditions, in effect from 1 October 2012.[13][14]

Each team selects three batsmen, with the team's Super Over innings ending if two of their batsmen get out. The team who batted second in the match bats first in the Super Over, while the bowling team chooses the end to bowl from. If the Super Overs of both teams also end in a tie, the original rules stated that the winner is determined by either the number of boundaries scored throughout the match and Super Over, the number of boundaries scored throughout the match but excluding the Super Over, or a count-back conducted from the last ball of the Super Over. If the Duckworth–Lewis method was used during the match, the Super Over immediately goes to the count-back criterion.

Earlier, Super Overs ending in a tie had the winner first decided by the number of boundary sixes the teams hit in both innings, then by the sixes hit in the main match.[15]

After the tied Super Over in the 2019 Cricket World Cup Final, which England won on boundary count, the ICC was criticised by many former cricketers and numerous fans for the use of such a controversial tie-breaker. In October 2019, they changed the rule such that if a Super Over is tied in the group stage of a tournament then the match will be awarded as a tie, but in knockout matches, the Super Over will be repeated until a winner is determined.[16] In any bilateral series match also the super over will be iterated until one team wins. Each consecutive Super Over is to take place 5 minutes after the previous Super Over, with the side batting last in the previous Super Over batting first in the subsequent Super Over, and any batsman dismissed in previous Super Overs being ineligible to bat.[17]



In the 2014–15 season, the Big Bash League began using a variation of the rules, allowing each innings the full amount of 10 wickets.[18]



A Super Over is not considered part of the main match, so the runs scored and wickets taken by cricketers within them are not added to their career statistics.


Chris Gayle scored 25 runs in the first Super Over

The first use of a Super Over was in the tied Twenty20 match between the West Indies and New Zealand on 26 December 2008. West Indies scored 25/1 in their Super Over and New Zealand replied with 15/2.[19][2]

The 26 December 2008 Twenty20 match between New Zealand and the West Indies was tied after each side's 20 overs.[2]

- Daniel Vettori was the "nominated bowler" for New Zealand.
- Chris Gayle and Xavier Marshall opened the "mini-innings".
- Marshall was run out without facing a ball, and Shivnarine Chanderpaul similarly remained at the non-striker's end.
- Gayle hit 25 runs off the 6 balls he faced.
The West Indies "Super Over" score was 25 for 1 from six balls.[20]
- Sulieman Benn was the nominated bowler for the West Indies.
- NZ opener Jacob Oram was caught on Benn's third "Super Over" delivery.
- The third man in Ross Taylor hit a six but was then clean-bowled on the next ball. Oram's "Super Over" opening partner Brendon McCullum did not face a delivery.
The New Zealand Super Over score was 15 for 2 (all out) from five balls.[20]

The West Indies thus won the Super Over.

International matches decided by a Super Over


Men's One Day International

Date Venue Winner Score Loser Score ODI Ref
14 July 2019 Lord's, London, England   England 15/0   New Zealand 15/1 World Cup Final [21]
3 November 2020 Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium, Rawalpindi, Pakistan   Zimbabwe 5/0   Pakistan 2/2 3rd [22]
26 June 2023 Takashinga Cricket Club, Harare, Zimbabwe   Netherlands 30/0   West Indies 8/2 CWC Qualifier [23]

England won due to having more boundaries in the match (26–17).

Men's Twenty20 International

Date Venue Winner Score Loser Score T20I Ref
26 December 2008 Eden Park, Auckland, New Zealand   West Indies 25/1   New Zealand 15 all out 1st [20]
28 February 2010 AMI Stadium, Christchurch, New Zealand   New Zealand 9/0   Australia 6/1 2nd [24]
7 September 2012 DSC Cricket Stadium, Dubai, United Arab Emirates   Pakistan 12/0   Australia 11/1 2nd [25]
27 September 2012 Pallekele International Cricket Stadium, Kandy, Sri Lanka   Sri Lanka 13/1   New Zealand 7/1 Match 13 [26]
1 October 2012 Pallekele International Cricket Stadium, Kandy, Sri Lanka   West Indies 18/0   New Zealand 17/0 Match 21 [27]
30 November 2015 Sharjah Cricket Stadium, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates   England 4/0   Pakistan 3/1 3rd [28]
22 January 2019 Al Emarat Cricket Stadium, Muscat, Oman   Qatar 6/0   Kuwait 5/1 Match 5 [29]
19 March 2019 Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa   South Africa 14/0   Sri Lanka 5/0 1st [30]
31 May 2019 College Field, Saint Peter Port, Guernsey   Jersey 15/0   Guernsey 14/1 1st [31]
25 June 2019 Hazelaarweg, Rotterdam, Netherlands   Zimbabwe 18/0   Netherlands 9/1 2nd [32]
5 July 2019 West End Park, Doha, Qatar   Qatar 14 runs   Kuwait 12 runs 2nd [33]
10 November 2019 Eden Park, Auckland, New Zealand   England 17/0   New Zealand 8/1 5th [34]
29 January 2020 Seddon Park, Hamilton, New Zealand   India 20/0   New Zealand 17/0 3rd [35]
31 January 2020 Westpac Stadium, Wellington, New Zealand   India 16/1   New Zealand 13/1 4th [36]
10 March 2020 Greater Noida Sports Complex Ground, Greater Noida, India   Ireland 12/1   Afghanistan 8/1 3rd [37]
10 November 2021 Coolidge Cricket Ground, Antigua   United States 22/1   Canada 14/0 Match 10 [38]
13 February 2022 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney   Australia 9/0   Sri Lanka 5/1 2nd [39]
2 April 2023 Eden Park, Auckland, New Zealand   Sri Lanka 12/0   New Zealand 8/2 1st [40]
17 January 2024 Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore, India   Afghanistan 16/1   India 16/0 3rd [41]
17 January 2024 Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore, India   India 11/2   Afghanistan 1/2 3rd [42]
2 June 2024 Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados   Namibia 21/0   Oman 10/1 World T20
6 June 2024 Grand Prairie Stadium, Grand Prairie (Dallas), United States   United States 18/1   Pakistan 13/1 World T20

Women's One-Day International

Date Venue Winner Score Loser Score ODI Ref
19 September 2021 Sir Vivian Richards Stadium, Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda   West Indies 10/1   South Africa 6/0 5th [43]
31 January 2022 Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa   West Indies 25/0   South Africa 17/1 2nd [44]
7 November 2023 Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket Stadium, Dhaka, Bangladesh   Bangladesh 10/1   Pakistan 7/2 2nd [45]
18 December 2023 Hagley Oval, Christchurch, New Zealand   Pakistan 11/0   New Zealand 8/2 3rd [46]

Women's Twenty20 International

Date Venue Winner Score Loser Score T20I Ref
1 February 2020 Manuka Oval, Canberra, Australia   England 12/0   Australia 9/0 2nd [47]
11 December 2022 DY Patil Sports Academy, Mumbai, India   India 20/1   Australia 16/1 2nd [48]

See also



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