Supayagyi (Burmese: စုဖုရားကြီး; 1854 – 25 February 1912), also spelt Suphayagyi, was the penultimate chief queen consort of the Konbaung dynasty, and was married to Thibaw Min, the last monarch in the dynasty.

Supayagyi
စုဖုရားကြီး
Queen Supayagyi.jpg
Chief queen consort of Burma
Tenure30 October 1878 – 12 April 1879
PredecessorThiri Pawara Maha Yazeinda Yadana Dewi
SuccessorSupayalat
Princess of Mong Nawng
Tenure1854 – 1878
Successordisestablished
Born1854
Mandalay, Burma
Died25 February 1912(1912-02-25) (aged 57–58)
Mingun, British Burma
Burial
SpouseThibaw
IssueNone
HouseKonbaung
FatherKing Mindon
MotherHsinbyumashin
ReligionTheravada Buddhism

Early lifeEdit

Supayagyi, born in 1854[1] as Hteiksu Phayagyi (ထိပ်စုဖုရားကြီး), was the eldest of three daughters between King Mindon and Hsinbyumashin. She was a full-blooded sister of Supayalat and Supayalay. She received the appanage of Mong Nawng and was therefore known as the Princess of Mong Nawng, with the royal title of Susīriratanamaṅgaladevī.[2]

CoronationEdit

The ambitious Hsinbyumashin, after placing Thibaw on the throne, offered her oldest daughter Hteik Supayagyi, to be his queen. During the royal aggamahesi coronation, Supayalat pushed in next to her sister to be anointed queen at the same time, breaking ancient custom. Her sister's marriage was never consummated, and Supayalat was said to have forced monogamy on a Burmese king for the first and the last time in history, even though Thibaw also subsequently married her youngest sister Hteik Supayalay, Princess of Yamethin.

ExileEdit

 
The brick palace in Ratnagiri that Supayagyi and the royal family was exiled to

The royal family's reign lasted just seven years when Thibaw Min was defeated in the Third Anglo-Burmese War and forced to abdicate by the British in 1885. On 25 November 1885 they were taken away in a covered carriage, leaving Mandalay Palace by the southern gate of the walled city along the streets lined by British soldiers and their wailing subjects, to the River Irrawaddy where a steamboat called Thuriya (Sun) awaited. Supayagyi and the queen mother were sent to Tavoy (now Dawei).[3] She died with buddhist num life on 25 February 1912 in Mingun after her mother, who died in 1900.[1] Her remains were interred in the southern section of Shwedagon Pagoda in modern-day Yangon.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Shah, Sudha (2012-06-14). The King In Exile : The Fall Of The Royal Family Of Burma. Harper Collins. ISBN 9789350295984.
  2. ^ Tun, Than. "Chronology of Mandalay" (PDF).
  3. ^ "Forty Years in Burma, by John Ebenezer Marks". anglicanhistory.org. Retrieved 2018-10-04.
  4. ^ "Not the right time to repatriate King Thibaw, says descendant". The Myanmar Times. Retrieved 2018-10-04.

See alsoEdit

Supayagyi
Royal titles
Preceded by Chief queen consort of Burma
30 October 1878 - 12 April 1879
Supayalat