Sunda scops owl

The Sunda scops owl (Otus lempiji) is a small brown owl native to the Sunda Islands.

Sunda scops owl
Otus lempij - Singapore.jpg
In Singapore.
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Strigiformes
Family: Strigidae
Genus: Otus
Species:
O. lempiji
Binomial name
Otus lempiji
(Horsfield, 1821)

TaxonomyEdit

The taxon is considered a subspecies of Otus bakkamoena by some authors. [2]

DescriptionEdit

It grows from 20 to 25 cm and can weigh 100 to 170 grams. It is speckled with black on the upper parts and streaked with black on the lower parts. It has a light collar and dark eyes, which differentiate it from the reddish scops, mountain scops, Oriental scops and Rajah scops owls.[3]

Distribution and habitatEdit

It lives on the Malay Peninsula, Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra and Java. It can be found primarily in forests and gardens but is occasionally attracted to buildings.

DietEdit

The diet of the Sunda Scops Owl mainly consists of insects, as well as small animals such as geckos and lizards.[4]

ConservationEdit

It has been included in the IUCN Red List of threatened species as a least concern species. It is common throughout its range where there is suitable habitat.[5]

BehaviourEdit

BreedingEdit

The Sunda scops owl lines its nest with plant fibre. It will lay up to three eggs in a tree hollow from January to April.

VoiceEdit

Its call is a hooting yelp in between a longer period of silence.

GalleryEdit

 
Historic (c. 1938) image of an adult with two young, Dampar, East Java.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Otus lempiji". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T61859106A95182654. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T61859106A95182654.en. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Sunda Scops Owl". Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  3. ^ "Sunda Scops Owl". Singapore Birds. Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Sunda Scops Owl - BirdForum Opus". Bird Forum. Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  5. ^ "Otus lempiji". Retrieved 16 February 2021.