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Sun Yang (Chinese: 孙杨; Mandarin pronunciation: [swə́n.jǎŋ]; born 1 December 1991) is a Chinese Olympic and world-record-holding competitive swimmer. In 2012, he became the first Chinese man to win an Olympic gold medal in swimming. Sun is the first male swimmer in history to earn Olympic and World Championship gold medals at every freestyle distance between 200 and 1500 metres. A three-time Olympic gold medallist and eleven-time world champion, he is the most decorated Chinese swimmer in history. NBC Sports described him as "arguably the greatest freestyle swimmer of all time".[4]

Sun Yang
孙杨
Photograph of Sun with his arms raised above his head
Sun at the 2014 Asian Games
Personal information
Nickname(s)Underwater Meteor[1]
Sun Mengmeng (孙萌萌)[2]
Da Bai (大白)[3]
National team China
Born (1991-12-01) 1 December 1991 (age 27)
Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Height2.00 m (6 ft 7 in)[1]
Weight89 kg (196 lb)[1]
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese孙杨
Traditional Chinese孫楊
Sport
SportSwimming
StrokesFreestyle
ClubZhejiang Swimming Team

Sun competed for China at the 2008 Summer Olympics. In 2010, he won the 1500 metre freestyle at the Asian Games, setting a new Asian record. At the 2011 World Championships, he beat the 1500 metre freestyle world record, which was previously held by Grant Hackett in 2001 and the longest-held world record in swimming at the time. Sun won gold medals in the 400 and 1500 metre freestyle at the 2012 Summer Olympics. At the 2013 World Championships, he became the second swimmer, after Hackett, to win gold medals in all three long distance freestyle events (400, 800, and 1500 metres) in a single World Championship.

At the 2016 Summer Olympics, Sun won a gold medal in the 200 metre freestyle and a silver medal in the 400 metre freestyle. By winning the 200 metre freestyle, he became the first swimmer in history to win Olympic gold medals in the 200, 400, and 1500 metre freestyle events. At the 2017 World Championships, he won his first world title in the 200 metre freestyle, setting a new Asian record. He won his third consecutive title in the 400 metre freestyle, the second swimmer to do so after Ian Thorpe in 2003. In 2018, Sun won gold medals in every freestyle event (200, 400, 800, and 1500 metres) at the Asian Games, as well as silver medals in two relay events. In 2019, he successfully defended his titles in the 200 and 400 metre freestyle events at the World Championships.

In May 2014, Sun was banned for three months by the Chinese Swimming Association (CSA) after he tested positive for trimetazidine, a drug that was banned four months earlier and classified as a stimulant at the time by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). He said that a doctor prescribed the drug to him to treat heart palpitations, a condition he has suffered since 2008. WADA had a right to petition the CSA's punishment, but the agency did not take further action. In September 2018, Sun experienced an out-of-competition test at his home. Following an investigation by FINA, the governing body concluded that Sun did not commit an anti-doping rule violation.

Early lifeEdit

Sun was born on 1 December 1991 in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.[5] He was named after his parents' surnames. Sun is an only child, and his family are athletic. His father, Sun Quanhong (孙全洪), was a basketball player for Anhui Tigong and is also tall. His mother, Yang Ming (杨明), was a volleyball player for Zhejiang and is a sports coach.[1][6] Sun started swimming in 1998, and his potential was recognised by a teacher at Jinglun Sports School in Hangzhou.[1]

CareerEdit

2007–2011: Early careerEdit

Sun made his international debut at the 2007 World Championships in Melbourne, Australia.[1] He finished 32nd in the 400 metre freestyle and 23rd in the 800 metre freestyle.[7][8] In early 2008, he competed at the "Good Luck Beijing" China Open, a test event for the 2008 Summer Olympics. He finished 2nd in the 400 metre freestyle with a time of 3:49.34.[9] At the Olympics, Sun, aged 16, finished 28th in the 400 metre freestyle, unable to reach the final.[10] He later came 7th in the qualifying heats of the 1500 metre freestyle, reaching the final, where he finished last.[11] Sun rebounded the following year at the 2009 World Championships, where he won his first international medal, a bronze, in the 1500 metre freestyle with a time of 14:46.84.[12] He finished 18th in the 400 metre freestyle with a time of 3:47.51.[13]

Sun achieved further success during the 2010 Asian Games. He won gold medals in the 1500 metre freestyle and the 4 × 200 metre freestyle relay, and silver medals in the 200 metre and 400 metre freestyle.[14] His 1500-metre freestyle time of 14:35.43 was a new Asian record and the second-fastest time in history, behind Grant Hackett, whose record Sun would surpass the following year.[15][16][17] Sun was subsequently named Rookie of the Year at the 2010 China Central Television (CCTV) Sports Awards.[18]

On the first day of competition at the 2011 World Championships in Shanghai, Sun came 2nd in the 400 metre freestyle with a time of 3:43.24, 1.2 seconds behind South Korean Park Tae-hwan.[19] Three days later, Sun won his first World Championship title in the 800 metre freestyle with a time of 7:38.57.[20] After a day of rest, he swam the anchor leg in the 4 × 200 metre freestyle relay, helping the Chinese team win bronze.[21] The last day of competition, Sun competed in the 1500 metre freestyle. He won the race with a time of 14:34.14, ten seconds ahead of the rest of the competition. At age 19, Sun beat Hackett's world record of 14:34.56, which had stood for ten years.[16][17] This was the longest-held world record in swimming and the only men's swimming world record not to have been beaten during the techsuit era.[22]

2012: Breakthrough at the OlympicsEdit

For the 2012 Summer Olympics, Sun was considered a favourite in the 400 metre and 1500 metre freestyle, as well as a contender in the 200 metre freestyle.[23][24] In his first event, the 400 metre freestyle, he won the gold medal with a time of 3:40.14, breaking the Olympic record previously held by Ian Thorpe and becoming the first Chinese male swimmer to win a gold medal at the Olympics.[25] His time was also the third fastest in history, 0.07 seconds away from the world record, and setting a new Asian record. After a day of recuperating, Sun competed in the 200 metre freestyle. He won a silver medal in the final, tying with Park Tae-hwan with a time of 1:44.93, a new national record. The following day, Sun swam the anchor leg in the 4 × 200 metre freestyle relay to help the Chinese team win bronze, China's first Olympic medal in a men's relay event.[26]

After the relay, Sun did not return to the pool until the last day of competition to compete in his strongest event, the 1500 metre freestyle. He had qualified for the final with the fastest time. At the initial line-up on the starting blocks, a step-down command was issued because of noise from the crowd, but instead of stepping back, Sun reacted by diving in. The officials ruled the early dive was the result of crowd noise and did not constitute a false start, and Sun was allowed to continue in the competition.[27] He went on to win the race with a time of 14:31.02, breaking his own world record by over three seconds. He finished over eight seconds ahead of second-place finisher, Canadian Ryan Cochrane. With two gold medals and a team bronze medal, Sun became the most decorated Chinese male swimmer in Olympic history, and the first swimmer to win the 400/1500 double since Vladimir Salnikov at the 1980 Moscow Olympics.[28] Sun completed the last 50 metres of the race in 25.68 seconds, nearly two seconds faster than Cochrane.[29]

2013: Continued successEdit

From 28 July to 4 August 2013, Sun competed at the World Championships. On the first day of competition, he won gold in the 400 metre freestyle with a time of 3:41.59. It was nearly 1.5 seconds off his Olympic-winning time from the previous year, but he was still 3.23 seconds ahead of runner-up Kosuke Hagino.[30] Two days later, Sun retained his title in the 800 metre freestyle with a time of 7:41.36.[31] It was his second gold medal in the Championship and the 100th gold medal won by China in World Aquatics Championships' history.[32]

On the sixth day of competition, Sun was tasked with swimming the anchor leg for the 4 × 200 metre freestyle relay. China barely qualified for the final in eighth place. Going into the last leg of the race, China was in fifth place, over two seconds behind France and Japan, but Sun was able to overtake both teams in the end for a final time of 1:43.16. This was the second-fastest split time in history and 1.82 seconds faster than the other 31 swimmers in the final, including Ryan Lochte and Yannick Agnel.[33] Accounting for the relay exchange advantage, it was still over a second faster than his flat start time of 1:44.93.

On the final day of the competition, Sun successfully defended his title in the 1500 metre freestyle. He finished with a time of 14:41.15, beating runner-up Ryan Cochrane by 1.33 seconds.[34] This result made Sun the second swimmer in history, after Grant Hackett, to win gold medals in all three long-distance freestyle events—400, 800, and 1500 metre—in a single World Championships.[35][36]

One month later, Sun competed in the 2013 National Games of China. Aiming to become the first man to win seven gold medals at a single championship, he added to his range the 100 metre freestyle, an event typically reserved for sprinters. With the games holding the same schedule as the Olympics, he competed first in the 400 metre freestyle, winning in 3:43.68—over a second ahead of Hao Yun. The following day, Sun won the 4 × 100 metre freestyle relay, swimming the anchor leg in 48.14 seconds. He followed these performances the next day by setting a new Asian record in the 200 metre freestyle with a time of 1:44.47, about half a second faster than his time in London. The following day, he won bronze in the 100 metre freestyle, finishing with a time of 48.94 seconds, his first time finishing under 49 seconds.[37]

2014: Doping ban and Asian GamesEdit

In May 2014, the Chinese Swimming Association banned Sun for three months after he tested positive for trimetazidine, a drug that was banned four months earlier and classified as a stimulant at the time by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).[38] Sun said that a doctor prescribed the drug to treat heart palpitations and was unaware that it had been newly added to the banned substances list.[38][39] WADA chose not to pursue the case after an investigation.[40][41]

Following his doping ban, Sun made a comeback in his first post-suspension event in the 2014 China Spring Nationals, where he won a gold medal in the 200 metre freestyle.[42] At the 2014 Asian Games, Sun participated in the 200, 400, and 1500 metre freestyle events. He won silver in the 200 metre freestyle, finishing behind Kosuke Hagino. In the 400 metre freestyle, he came 1st with a time of 3:43.23, which was 1.25 seconds ahead of runner-up Hagino.[43] Leading from start to finish, Sun won gold in the 1500 metre freestyle. He finished with a time of 14:49.75, over five seconds ahead of runner-up Kohei Yamamoto.[44] Sun also participated in the 4 × 100 metre freestyle relay, helping China win gold with an overall time of 3:13.17, setting a new Asian Record in the event.[45]

2015 World ChampionshipsEdit

 
Sun, James Guy, and Ryan Cochrane at the 400 metre freestyle victory ceremony at the 2015 World Championships

At the 2015 World Championships, Sun won silver in the 200 metre freestyle with a time of 1:45.20, finishing 0.06 seconds behind James Guy.[46] In the 400 metre freestyle, he won gold with a time of 3:42.58, finishing 1.17 seconds ahead of Guy.[47] He finished 1st in the 800 metre freestyle with a time of 7:39.96, which was 0.85 seconds ahead of runner-up Gregorio Paltrinieri.[48]

In the 1500 metre freestyle, where he was the two-time defending champion, Sun withdrew from the competition, later citing heart problems during a warm-up.[49][50] "I feel very sorry that I couldn't be present for the 1500m", Sun told reporters. "I didn't feel good in my heart. Today I felt really uncomfortable at the pool during my warm-up and I had to give up the idea of competing. I feel really sorry about that."[51]

At the World Championships, Sun was accused by Brazilian coaches of assaulting one of their female swimmers, Larissa Oliveira.[39] Brazil team spokeswoman Eliana Alves told the Associated Press that there was "contact" between Sun and Oliveira, "but it was not a fight".[52] Swimming's world governing body, FINA, later cleared Sun of any wrongdoing.[53] FINA executive director Cornel Marculescu explained that the altercation that led to a complaint against Sun was due to congestion in the warm-up pool, and did not warrant further action.[53] According to Marculescu, there were over 1,000 swimmers present, so the preparation pool became very crowded.[53]

2016: Historic first at the OlympicsEdit

 
Sun after winning the 200 metre freestyle at the 2016 Arena Pro Swim Series

In June 2016, Sun competed at the Arena Pro Swim Series finale in Santa Clara, California. He won the 200 metre freestyle event with a time of 1:44.82, giving him 1st in the world ranks.[54]

At the 2016 Summer Olympics, Sun won the 200 metre freestyle with a time of 1:44.65, finishing 0.55 seconds ahead of runner-up Chad le Clos. It was Sun's first major international title in this event, and he became the first Chinese athlete to win a gold medal in this event.[55] He won a silver medal in the 400 metre freestyle with a time of 3:41.68, finishing 0.13 seconds behind Mack Horton of Australia.[56] Sun finished 16th in the qualifying heats of the 1500 metre freestyle, clocking in at 15:01.97.[57] With his 200 metre freestyle gold medal and his 400 and 1500 metre freestyle gold medals from the 2012 Summer Olympics, Sun became the first swimmer in history to win Olympic gold medals in the 200, 400, and 1500 metre freestyle events.[58]

The lead-up to the 400 metre freestyle was marred by controversy. Sun was accused of splashing water into rival Horton's face during practice. Horton accused Sun of attempting to distract him. Sun and Xu Qi, the Chinese swim team manager, denied the allegations and said it must have been a misunderstanding.[59][60] Horton responded by accusing Sun of being a "drug cheat", in reference to his 2014 suspension. Horton's social media pages garnered negative criticism from Chinese fans, with many calling the Australian as a racist, a "snake", and a "disrespectful person".[60][61] The Chinese Swimming Association requested an apology for the allegation, stating that Horton's claims "have greatly damaged sporting ties between China and Australia, and damaged the image of Australian athletes"; the request was turned down.[62][63][64] Further controversy arose when the Global Times, a Chinese newspaper, printed critical editorials about Australia.[65][66][67] An op-ed piece in another Chinese newspaper, Changjiang Daily, called for calm and indicated that the dispute was only between the two athletes and should not become a conflict between the two countries.[68]

2017–18: Asian Games success and testing incidentEdit

In 2017, Sun competed at the World Championships. In the 200 metre freestyle, Sun won gold with a time of 1:44.39, setting a new Asian and Chinese national record.[69] In the 400 metre freestyle, he won gold with a time of 3:41.38, finishing 2.47 seconds ahead of runner-up Mack Horton and winning his third straight 400 metre freestyle world title.[70] Sun finished 5th in the 800 metre freestyle, failing to defend his title.[71] He withdrew from the 1500 metre freestyle.[72]

In August 2018, Sun competed in every freestyle event from the 200 to the 1500 metre freestyle at the Asian Games. He also competed in the 4 × 100 and 4 × 200 metre freestyle relay events. In the 200 metre freestyle, Sun won gold with a time of 1:45.43.[73] He finished 1st in the 400 metre freestyle with a time of 3:42.92, over four seconds ahead of runner-up Naito Ehara. By beating Horton's time of 3:43.76 from the 2018 Commonwealth Games, Sun became the number-one swimmer in the world for that event for 2018.[74] In the men's 800 metre freestyle, which was introduced to the Asian Games for the first time, he won gold with a time of 7:48.36.[75] In the 1500 metre freestyle, he finished 1st with a time of 14:58.53, beating runner-up Nguyễn Huy Hoàng by over three seconds. It was the first time Sun swam the event within 15 minutes since the 2014 Asian Games, and his third consecutive Asian Games title in the 1500 metre freestyle.[76] Representing China, Sun helped his team finish second in the 4 × 100 metre freestyle relay with an overall time of 3:13.29, behind Japan's time of 3:12.68.[77] In the 4 × 200 metre freestyle relay, he helped China win silver with an overall time of 7:05.45, behind Japan's 7:05.17.[78]

In September 2018, Sun experienced an out-of-competition test at his home. Following investigations, FINA's inquiry panel ultimately concluded that "Mr. Sun Yang has not committed an anti-doping rule violation", which FINA accepted.[79][80][81] In December at the 2018 FINA World Swimming Championships (25 m), Sun participated in the 4 × 200 metre freestyle relay, helping China win bronze.[82]

2019 World ChampionshipsEdit

At the 2019 World Championships, Sun finished 2nd behind Danas Rapšys in the 200 metre freestyle. After the race was over, Rapšys was disqualified for a false start, giving Sun the gold and his third straight medal in the event at the World Championships.[83][84] In the 400 metre freestyle, Sun won gold with a time of 3:42.44, finishing 0.73 seconds ahead of runner-up Horton and earning his fourth consecutive title in this event.[84][85]

Sun clashed with Duncan Scott during the 200 metre freestyle presentation. Both the British and Australian camps had been critical about Sun's actions the year prior. Scott refused to share the podium with Sun, and neither competitor shook hands, after which Sun could be seen gesturing and shouting at Scott.[83] In a similar incident a few days earlier, Australian swimmer Mack Horton had also refused to share the podium with Sun. Horton was given an official warning by the sport's organising body, FINA.[86] Following the medal ceremonies, Horton, Scott, and Sun were served letters by FINA, warning them about their behavior. In a statement, FINA said: "While FINA respects the principle of freedom of speech, it has to be conducted in the right context ... [athletes should not] use FINA events to make personal statements or gestures".[87]

Doping allegation and controversiesEdit

2014 banEdit

In May 2014, Sun was banned for three months by the Chinese Swimming Association (CSA) after he tested positive for trimetazidine, a drug that was banned four months earlier and classified as a stimulant at the time by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).[38] The substance is prohibited in competition only; the ingestion of trimetazidine by an athlete out of competition "is inconsequential" and constitutes illicit behavior only if the athlete later participates in competition before the substance clears their system.[40] Sun said that a doctor prescribed the drug to treat heart palpitations, a condition he has suffered since 2008, and that he was unaware that it had been newly added to the banned substances list.[38][39][88] He was eligible to file a medical exception to use the drug for his heart condition, but he did not do so.[89]

In January 2015, WADA reclassified and downgraded trimetazidine from "stimulant" to "modulator of cardiac metabolism".[90] It remains a banned substance as of 2019.[91] WADA criticized the CSA for its lateness in reporting the failed test result and subsequent ban until after it had been served. WADA, which had a right to petition if it believes a sanction to be lenient, chose not to take further action after reviewing the case.[40] CHINADA (China Anti-Doping Agency) deputy director Zhao Jia said that "Sun proved with sufficient evidence that he did not intend to cheat, which helped reduce his ban to three months", but he was stripped of his win in the 1500 metre freestyle at the 2014 Chinese nationals.[92] One Australian writer opined that the punishment was lenient, but pointed out that Yang was not found to have doped intentionally.[40] After the ban, Swimming Australia ordered coach Denis Cotterell to stop working with Sun, but Cotterell continued coaching him.[93][94][95]

2018 testing incidentEdit

In a report released by The Sunday Times, it was said that Sun and his team were reported to have been smashing vials of blood samples with a hammer in front of anti-doping testers following an out-of-competition test at his home on the night between 4 and 5 September 2018. The report also said that Sun may face a lifetime ban. Sun's lawyers decided to take legal action against The Sunday Times, renouncing all claims made in the report.[96][97]

According to an official FINA inquiry into the incident, only one of the three people testing Sun had accreditation to do so. The inquiry also stated that as Sun was completing the paperwork after having his blood drawn, he queried the anomalies in the results. Unsatisfied with the testers' answers, Sun called his coach, the head of China's swimming delegation, and his lawyer. He was advised not to sign incorrect paperwork. According to the inquiry, one of the testing entourage had taken photos and videos of the swimmer without authority or permission.[79] Around 3:00 am, four hours after the drug test, Sun's camp phoned the deputy director of the Zhejiang Anti-Doping Centre, asking what should be done to dispose of the blood sample. Sun's camp decided they had no confidence in the testers and refused to let the vial be taken.[79] The official report from the FINA inquiry dated 3 January 2019 stated the following:[97]

The blood that was initially collected (and subsequently destroyed) was not collected with proper authorisation and thus was not properly a "sample" ... as a result, the sample collection session initiated by IDTM on September 4, 2018, is invalid and void. No FINA DC rule violations can result therefrom. ... The conduct on the part of the DCA (doping control assistant) is highly improper and extremely unprofessional. This should never happen ... proof of this conduct by a DCA prior to the athlete providing a chaperoned urine sample is unquestionably reason to immediately suspend the DCA's involvement in the testing mission. ... Ultimately, the BCA (blood collection assistant) did not testify at the hearing or answer any questions from the athlete. The Doping Panel is left with significant doubt whether the BCA was properly qualified to draw blood from an athlete.[79]

The inquiry panel concluded that "Mr. Sun Yang has not committed an anti-doping rule violation", which FINA accepted.[79][80][81] WADA disagreed with FINA's decision and appealed to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), which accepted the case.[98] Sun's lawyers told the Associated Press he requested that his CAS hearing to be public and "fully transparent to clear his name".[99] CAS issued a report on 20 August 2019, stating the appeal hearing brought by WADA against Sun and FINA in September had been postponed due to a party's unexpected personal circumstances. It was announced that the hearing date would be rescheduled and made open to the public, including to the media, as requested.[100] WADA has requested for a ban of between two and eight years according to a later media release from CAS.[101]

On 15 November 2019, the public hearing was held at CAS in Montreux, Switzerland.[102] It was live streamed and released online.[103] The hearing was affected by translation issues throughout the day.[102] According to Time, the translation issues made it unclear how much of the testimony and questions were understood, and both judges and lawyers expressed frustration.[104] A decision is expected in early 2020.[102] The transcript of Sun's final remarks in Chinese during the public hearing was posted online by Sun himself after the hearing.[105][106]

Major achievementsEdit

In 2012, Sun became the first Chinese man to win an Olympic gold medal in swimming.[107] He is the first male swimmer in history to earn Olympic and World Championship gold medals at every freestyle distance between 200 and 1500 metres.[4][108] A three-time Olympic gold medallist and eleven-time world champion, Sun is the most decorated Chinese swimmer in history.[108][109]

Sun's major achievements include:

Year Competition Venue Position Event Ref
2008 "Good Luck Beijing" China Open National Aquatics Center, Beijing, China 2nd 400 metre freestyle [9]
2008 Summer Olympics National Aquatics Center, Beijing, China 28th 400 metre freestyle [10]
2008 Summer Olympics National Aquatics Center, Beijing, China 8th 1500 metre freestyle [11]
2009 2009 World Championships Foro Italico, Rome, Italy 18th 400 metre freestyle [13]
2009 World Championships Foro Italico, Rome, Italy 3rd 1500 metre freestyle [12]
2010 2010 Asian Games Aoti Aquatics Centre, Guangzhou, China 2nd 200 metre freestyle [14]
2010 Asian Games Aoti Aquatics Centre, Guangzhou, China 2nd 400 metre freestyle [14]
2010 Asian Games Aoti Aquatics Centre, Guangzhou, China 1st[a] 1500 metre freestyle [15]
2011 2011 World Championships Shanghai Oriental Sports Center, Shanghai, China 2nd 400 metre freestyle [19]
2011 World Championships Shanghai Oriental Sports Center, Shanghai, China 1st 800 metre freestyle [20]
2011 World Championships Shanghai Oriental Sports Center, Shanghai, China 1st[b] 1500 metre freestyle [16][17]
2012 2012 Summer Olympics London Aquatics Centre, London, UK 2nd 200 metre freestyle [26]
2012 Summer Olympics London Aquatics Centre, London, UK 1st[c] 400 metre freestyle [25][26]
2012 Summer Olympics London Aquatics Centre, London, UK 1st[d] 1500 metre freestyle [26][28]
2013 2013 World Championships Palau Sant Jordi, Barcelona, Spain 1st 400 metre freestyle [30]
2013 World Championships Palau Sant Jordi, Barcelona, Spain 1st 800 metre freestyle [31]
2013 World Championships Palau Sant Jordi, Barcelona, Spain 1st 1500 metre freestyle [34]
2014 2014 Asian Games Munhak Park Tae-hwan Aquatics Center, Incheon, South Korea 2nd 200 metre freestyle [43]
2014 Asian Games Munhak Park Tae-hwan Aquatics Center, Incheon, South Korea 1st 400 metre freestyle
2014 Asian Games Munhak Park Tae-hwan Aquatics Center, Incheon, South Korea 1st 1500 metre freestyle [44]
2015 2015 World Championships Kazan Arena, Kazan, Russia 1st 200 metre freestyle [46]
2015 World Championships Kazan Arena, Kazan, Russia 1st 400 metre freestyle [47]
2015 World Championships Kazan Arena, Kazan, Russia 2nd 800 metre freestyle [48]
2016 2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Aquatics Stadium, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 1st 200 metre freestyle [26][55]
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Aquatics Stadium, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 2nd 400 metre freestyle [26][56]
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Aquatics Stadium, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 16th 1500 metre freestyle [57]
2017 2017 World Championships Danube Arena, Budapest, Hungary 1st[e] 200 metre freestyle [69]
2017 World Championships Danube Arena, Budapest, Hungary 1st 400 metre freestyle [70]
2017 World Championships Danube Arena, Budapest, Hungary 5th 800 metre freestyle [71]
2018 2018 Asian Games GBK Aquatic Stadium, Jakarta, Indonesia 1st 200 metre freestyle [110]
2018 Asian Games GBK Aquatic Stadium, Jakarta, Indonesia 1st 400 metre freestyle
2018 Asian Games GBK Aquatic Stadium, Jakarta, Indonesia 1st 800 metre freestyle
2018 Asian Games GBK Aquatic Stadium, Jakarta, Indonesia 1st 1500 metre freestyle
2019 2019 World Championships Gwangju, South Korea 1st 200 metre freestyle [84]
2019 World Championships Gwangju, South Korea 1st 400 metre freestyle

Notes

  1. ^ Asian Record
  2. ^ World Record
  3. ^ Olympic Record
  4. ^ World Record
  5. ^ Asian Record, National Record

Honours and awardsEdit

 
Sun with a gold medal at the 2014 Asian Games

As of 2019, Sun has received the following awards:

Personal bestsEdit

Long course personal bests
Event Time Venue Date Note(s)
100 metre freestyle 48.94 Shenyang 8 September 2013
200 metre freestyle 1:44.39 Budapest 25 July 2017 NR, AS
400 metre freestyle 3:40.14 London 28 July 2012 OR, AS, NR
800 metre freestyle 7:38.57 Shanghai 27 July 2011
1500 metre freestyle 14:31.02 London 4 August 2012 WR, OR, AS, NR

Key: AS = Asian Record, NR = National Record, OR = Olympic Record, WR = World Record

Personal lifeEdit

 
Sun giving Park Tae-hwan a tailor-made birthday cake to celebrate Park's birthday at the 2014 Asian Games

On 3 November 2013, Sun was found driving without a license following a collision in Hangzhou. He was ordered to be detained for seven days by the police and fined CN¥5,000.[119][120][121] On 4 November, he issued a public apology: "I should have been a role model as an athlete and a public figure, but I failed my responsibility ... I am deeply sorry for what I have done and will reflect on my behavior."[122] On 6 November, the State General Administration of Sports announced that Sun was temporarily banned from all business-related activities, the national team swimming camp, and all competitions.[123] On 24 April 2014, Sun had his endorsement and business-related ban lifted as a result of "good behavior".[124]

In July 2014, Sun graduated from Zhejiang University with a bachelor's degree in sports studies.[1][125] According to FINA, Sun "has studied for a master's degree in physical education at Soochow University". In 2018, he began his Doctor of Philosophy degree in kinesiology at the Shanghai University of Sport in Shanghai, China.[1]

Sun's sporting philosophy is "You succeed when you believe that you can succeed". His idol is Chinese swimmer Zhang Lin.[1] In addition to swimming, Sun enjoys listening to music and playing basketball.[1][126]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "孙杨: "孙萌萌"这个绰号太二了". Netease (in Chinese). 5 August 2012. Archived from the original on 13 September 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  3. ^ "中国粉丝安慰孙杨: "大白"长大了 期待再接再厉". Hexun (in Chinese). 7 August 2016. Archived from the original on 27 September 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  4. ^ a b Zaccardi, Nick (25 July 2017). "Sun Yang completes freestyle gold set as American takes silver". NBC Sports. Archived from the original on 30 August 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  5. ^ "SUN Yang". Beijing 2008 Olympic Games Chinese Sports Delegation Roster. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  6. ^ "父母炖汤滋补出孙杨泳坛巨无霸 梦想做平凡人". eastday.com (in Chinese). 4 August 2015. Archived from the original on 2 October 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
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  8. ^ "12th FINA World Championships: Men's 800m Freestyle" (PDF). Omega Timing. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 November 2019. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  9. ^ a b "Good Luck Beijing China Open: Day Three Finals". Swimming World. 1 February 2008. Archived from the original on 18 November 2019. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  10. ^ a b "Swimming – Men's 400m Freestyle Results". ESPN. Archived from the original on 18 November 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  11. ^ a b Lohn, John (16 August 2008). "Olympics, Swimming: Ous Mellouli Claims Olympic Gold for Tunisia in Men's 1500 Free". Swimming World. Archived from the original on 18 November 2019. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  12. ^ a b "13th FINA World Championships: Men's 1500m Freestyle" (PDF). Omega Timing. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 August 2009. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  13. ^ a b "13th FINA World Championships: Men's 400m Freestyle" (PDF). Omega Timing. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 August 2009. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
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External linksEdit