Sumoto, Hyōgo

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Sumoto (洲本市, Sumoto-shi) is a city located on Awaji Island, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2022, the city had an estimated population of 42,094 and a population density of 230 persons per km².[1]The total area of the city is 182.38 square kilometres (70.42 sq mi).

Sumoto
洲本市
Sumoto city view from Sumoto Castle Awaji Island Japan01n.jpg
Flag of Sumoto
Official seal of Sumoto
Location of Sumoto in Hyōgo Prefecture
Location of Sumoto in Hyōgo Prefecture
Sumoto is located in Japan
Sumoto
Sumoto
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°21′N 134°54′E / 34.350°N 134.900°E / 34.350; 134.900Coordinates: 34°21′N 134°54′E / 34.350°N 134.900°E / 34.350; 134.900
CountryJapan
RegionKansai
Prefecture Hyōgo
Government
 • MayorMichihiro Takeuchi
Area
 • Total182.38 km2 (70.42 sq mi)
Population
 (April 30, 2022)
 • Total42,094
 • Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address3-4-10 Honmachi, Sumoto-shi, Hyōgo-ken 656-8686
ClimateCfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
BirdPlover
FishJapanese Spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus niphonius)
FlowerNarcissus and Rapeseed
TreePine
Sumoto City Hall
Sumoto Castle

GeographyEdit

The city of Sumoto occupies the middle of Awaji Island, sandwiched between Awaji and Minamiawaji. with the Gulf of Harima on the Seto Inland Sea to the west and Osaka Bay to the east. The Sumoto River flows into Osaka Bay in the center of the city area, part of which are within the borders of the Setonaikai National Park

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

Hyogo Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Sumoto has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is somewhat lower in the winter.

Climate data for Sumoto, Hyōgo (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1919−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.5
(67.1)
22.2
(72.0)
24.4
(75.9)
28.3
(82.9)
32.2
(90.0)
33.6
(92.5)
37.1
(98.8)
38.0
(100.4)
36.2
(97.2)
30.1
(86.2)
26.0
(78.8)
21.8
(71.2)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) 8.5
(47.3)
9.2
(48.6)
12.7
(54.9)
18.2
(64.8)
22.7
(72.9)
25.5
(77.9)
29.4
(84.9)
31.0
(87.8)
27.0
(80.6)
21.5
(70.7)
16.2
(61.2)
11.1
(52.0)
19.4
(66.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.4
(41.7)
5.6
(42.1)
8.6
(47.5)
13.7
(56.7)
18.3
(64.9)
21.7
(71.1)
25.6
(78.1)
26.9
(80.4)
23.5
(74.3)
18.3
(64.9)
13.1
(55.6)
8.0
(46.4)
15.7
(60.3)
Average low °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
2.5
(36.5)
5.0
(41.0)
9.8
(49.6)
14.6
(58.3)
18.8
(65.8)
23.0
(73.4)
24.1
(75.4)
20.8
(69.4)
15.6
(60.1)
10.2
(50.4)
5.2
(41.4)
12.7
(54.9)
Record low °C (°F) −5.2
(22.6)
−6.1
(21.0)
−4.0
(24.8)
0.1
(32.2)
5.5
(41.9)
9.5
(49.1)
15.5
(59.9)
16.9
(62.4)
12.1
(53.8)
5.8
(42.4)
0.7
(33.3)
−3.0
(26.6)
−6.1
(21.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 48.2
(1.90)
67.1
(2.64)
109.0
(4.29)
117.5
(4.63)
145.0
(5.71)
198.2
(7.80)
182.2
(7.17)
117.0
(4.61)
223.6
(8.80)
185.6
(7.31)
91.5
(3.60)
75.1
(2.96)
1,559.9
(61.41)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 1
(0.4)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 7.5 7.8 10.7 10.5 10.4 12.7 10.8 7.3 10.9 9.8 7.7 7.9 114.1
Average snowy days (≥ 1 cm) 0.3 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.8
Average relative humidity (%) 68 68 68 69 72 80 82 78 78 75 72 69 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 138.9 146.4 183.1 201.4 208.9 158.5 197.1 232.1 165.7 163.8 139.9 133.9 2,069.8
Source: JMA[2][3]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Sumoto has been declining steadily over the past 60 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 62,632—    
1970 56,171−10.3%
1980 54,826−2.4%
1990 54,049−1.4%
2000 52,248−3.3%
2010 47,271−9.5%

HistoryEdit

The city of Sumoto is situated in ancient Awaji Province, and developed as a castle town around the Muromachi period Sumoto Castle. It was ruled as part of Tokushima Domain during the Edo period. After the Meiji restoration, it became part of Tsuna District, Hyōgo. The town of Sumoto was established with the creation of the modern municipalities system April 1, 1889. It was raised to city status on February 11, 1940. On February 11, 2006, the town of Goshiki (from Tsuna District) was merged into Sumoto

GovernmentEdit

Sumoto has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 18 members. Sumoto contributes one member to the Hyogo Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Hyōgo 9th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

The local economy is largely rural, and is based on agriculture and commercial fishing. Sumoto has traditionally been famous for its production of Awaji onions, Naruto oranges and Kobe Beef.

EducationEdit

Sumoto has 13 public elementary schools and five public middle schools operated by the city government and two public high schools operated by the Hyōgo Prefectural Department of Education. The city also operates one combined elementary/middle school. There are also one private combined middle/high school.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

Sumoto does not have any passenger rail service.

HighwaysEdit

OtherEdit

Jointly with Minami Awaji and Awaji, the city operates a low-cost electric bike rental scheme, designed to attract visitors to stay for more than one day in order to explore the island.[5]

Sister City relationsEdit

Local attractionsEdit

Notable people from SumotoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sumoto city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  3. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  4. ^ Hyōgo population statistics
  5. ^ "Rental bicycles eyed to boost tourism". Yomiuri Shimbun. Japan. 19 July 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
  6. ^ "続日本100名城" (in Japanese). 日本城郭協会. Retrieved 25 July 2019.

External linksEdit