Summon the Heroes
Summon the Heroes is a one-movement orchestral composition written for the 1996 Summer Olympics by American composer John Williams for the National Broadcasting Company (NBC). It premiered on July 19, 1996 in abridged form, at the opening ceremony in Atlanta, Georgia, played by the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and conducted by Williams. The piece is the third of four compositions he has written for the Olympics, following 1984's Olympic Fanfare and Theme and 1988's Olympic Spirit, and preceding 2002's Call of the Champions.
|"Summon the Heroes"|
|Single by John Williams|
|from the album Summon The Heroes|
|Released||July 19, 1996 (1996 Summer Olympics)|
|Recorded||Avery Fisher Hall, New York City, US|
|John Williams singles chronology|
Composition and performancesEdit
Summon the Heroes is scored for a full orchestra. It is in the key of C major and is marked at 80 beats per minute, lasting about six minutes. The piece is dedicated to Tim Morrison, trumpet soloist of the Boston Pops Orchestra.
Music journalist Jon Burlingame described the piece as having "antiphonal brass choirs" and added that it was "longer and more complex" than Williams' previous Olympic compositions. Christian Clemmensen of Filmtracks noted "Roman and Greek-like historical appeal" in the brass writing that the work "featured with nobility." Musicologist Margaret Dilling compared the piece to Williams's previous Olympic works, noting their common elements including an opening fanfare, theme performed by solo or soli trumpet, and a penultimate "galloping bolero-type ostinato" leading to a "grand-slam finale."
It was played in full on the eponymous album Summon the Heroes by the Boston Pops Orchestra, released April 30, 1996. The piece was played at the 1996 Summer Olympics on July 19 by the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, in an abridged form lasting three-and-a-half minutes, and conducted by Williams.
In reviewing Summon the Heroes on the 2002 album American Journey (featuring an eponymous composition and the 2002 Olympic theme Call of the Champions, among other Williams' pieces), film music critic James Southall highly praised the work, saying that it "...manages to offer in six minutes the kind of development and depth that simply isn't possible in the shorter tracks that have come before." Southall added, "For my money it's Williams's best concert piece, and maybe his best piece period." Christian Clemmensen of Filmtracks also praised the work for having more world appeal than Williams' other Olympic compositions.
- Burlingame, Jon (February 21, 2014). "Film Composers Achieve Olympic Victory: Tiomkin music to be featured in Sochi closing ceremony". The Film Music Society. Retrieved February 27, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Summon the Heroes - Deluxe Score". Hal Leonard Online. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
- Clemmensen, Christian (January 14, 2002). "American Journey (John Williams)". Filmtracks.com. Retrieved February 27, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Dilling, Margaret W. (1997). "Review of The sound of the Games: Music for the 1996 Centennial Olympics; Summon the Heroes, ; Rhythm of the Games, , ; Voces Unidas, ; One Voice, ; People Make the World Go 'Round". Ethnomusicology. 41 (2): 316. doi:10.2307/852621. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
- Henry, Derrick (28 March 1996). "WILLIAMS' MUSIC TO SUMMON OLYMPIC HEROES". Deseret News. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
- Swed, Mark (18 July 1996). "The Best Music Doesn't Get 'Official' Nod". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
- Southall, James (2002). "American Journey Review". Movie Wave. Retrieved February 27, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)