Summer Fields School
Summer Fields is a fee-paying boys' independent day and boarding preparatory school in Summertown, Oxford. It was originally called Summerfield and used to have a subsidiary school, Summerfields, St Leonards-on-Sea, (known as "Summers mi").
|Summer Fields School|
|Type||Independent preparatory school|
|Motto||Mens sana in corpore sano|
|Chairman of the Governors||A.E. Reeks, MA, FRSA|
|Headmaster||David Faber MA (Balliol College, Oxford)|
|Deputy Headmaster||David Woolley MA (Durham)|
|Age||4 to 13|
|Houses||Case, Congreve, Maclaren, Moseley|
|Former pupils||Old Summerfieldians|
Summerfield became a boys' preparatory school in 1864, with seven pupils. Its owner, Archibald MacLaren, had been educated at Dollar Academy and was a fencing teacher who ran a gymnasium in Oxford. He believed strongly in the importance of physical fitness. His wife, Gertrude, was a classical scholar and teacher, a daughter of David Alphonso Talboys. The school motto is Mens sana in corpore sano, "A healthy mind in a healthy body".
The school grew and needed more staff, two of whom married into the Maclaren family: the Reverend Dr Charles Williams ("Doctor"), who took over the scholarship form from Mrs Maclaren and married Mabel Maclaren in 1879, and the Reverend Hugh Alington, who married Margaret Maclaren in 1885 and took over the boys' games. The school remained in the hands of the Maclaren, Williams, and Alington families for its first 75 years.
At the end of the 19th Century, "Doctor" became headmaster and there was much building at the school. A second school, "Summers mi",[a] was opened at St Leonards-on-Sea, Sussex, for boys to benefit from the sea air. In 1918 Doctor passed the headmastership on to Hugh Alington. There was a lean spell in the 1930s, and numbers fell, but John Evans and Geoffrey Bolton ("G.B.") took over in 1939. During the Second World War three other schools were evacuated to Summer Fields - Famborough School, Hampshire, Summers mi, and St Cyprian's School from Eastbourne - and this restored the numbers.
During the 1960s, Pat Savage was headmaster, with the assistance of Jimmy Bell and Pat Marston. By the centenary year in 1964, the school's appearance had changed relatively little (see illustration), but it was thriving and energetic enough to celebrate with a hardback book of 332 pages, with contributions from "O.S.", or Old Summerfieldians, including stories about Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, and Harold Macmillan, and a friendly greeting in verse from the arch-rival Horris Hill School. A former pupil recollected Pat Marston as follows:
Then I met the Ogre. For my first few weeks I was terrified by this "monster". His appearance was formidable. He growled and shook the room as he entered. But once I learnt that he didn't actually eat little boys, even on Black Fridays,[b] the classes became amusing, exhilarating and even relaxing.
However, another former pupil described a culture of brutality at the school, epitomised by 'the Ogre': "Any honest account would have described Pat Marston as a brutal sadist. 'Bend over the arm of that sofa and pull down your pyjama trousers, boy. And then the beating would begin ... The result was a web of welts and cuts that descended as far as the back of your knees, or even lower."
In 1975, Nigel Talbot Rice took over as headmaster. He put the school on a sound financial footing through a series of appeals which paid for an ambitious building programme: new classrooms, the Macmillan Hall and Music Centre, an indoor swimming-pool, the Wavell Arts and Technology Centre, named after Earl Wavell, and the Sports Hall. In 1997, Talbot Rice retired and was succeeded by Robin Badham-Thornhill. In 2010 David Faber, an old boy and governor, took over as headmaster.
In 2002 a new lodge called "Savage's" was built. Later a new year group was added at the bottom of the school.
Summer Fields todayEdit
The boys are organised into four "leagues". One of them is named Maclaren, after the Founder; the others are Moseley, after Henry Moseley, Congreve, after William La Touche Congreve, and Case, after William Sterndale Case, a master from 1910 to 1922. Each league has its own identifying colour: Case red, Congreve yellow, Maclaren green, and Moseley blue. In leagues, the boys wear a polo shirt in the league colour, along with the rest of the uniform, blue corduroys, and black shoes. On Sundays as well as on special days, such as the school concert, and the end of term, boys wear a tweed jacket, with a light blue coloured shirt, black shoes, and grey flannel trousers. Their ties are in their league colours.
Notable Old SummerfieldiansEdit
- Gubby Allen (1902–1989), cricketer
- Julian Amery (1919–1996), politician
- Ralph Assheton, 1st Baron Clitheroe (1901–1984), politician
- Anthony Asquith (1902–1968), film director
- Cyril Asquith, Baron Asquith of Bishopstone (1890–1954), judge
- Cuthbert Bardsley (1907–1991), bishop
- Tom Parker Bowles (1974- ), writer
- Harold Caccia, Baron Caccia (1905–1990), diplomat
- Sir Olaf Caroe (1892–1981), colonial administrator
- Mark Colvin (1952-2017), broadcaster and journalist
- William La Touche Congreve VC, DSO, MC (1891–1916)
- Hugh Dalton, (1887–1962), politician
- Robin Durnford-Slater (1902–1984), admiral
- David Faber (1961– ), politician, schoolmaster
- Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall (1965–), chef and food writer
- Neville Ford (1906–2000), cricketer
- Harold Freeman-Attwood (1897–1963), soldier
- Julian Grenfell (1888–1915), poet
- Monsignor Ronald Knox (1888–1957), theologian
- Sir Christopher Lee (1922–2015), actor
- Harold Macmillan (1894–1986), Prime Minister
- Sir William Macpherson (1926–2021), judge and Chief of the Clan Macpherson
- Patrick Macnee (1922–2015), actor
- Henry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley (1887–1915), physicist
- Adam Nicolson (1957–), writer
- Sir Andrew Noble, 1st Baronet (1831–1915), physicist
- Victor Pasmore (1908–1998), artist and architect
- Sir James Pitman (1901–1985), inventor of the Initial Teaching Alphabet
- Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell (1883–1950), Viceroy of India[c]
- "mi" stood for "minor", i.e. junior. Boys at the school were known by their surnames; a pair of brothers named Smith would be called "Smith ma[jor]" and "Smith mi[nor]".
- Pat Marston had the habit of putting up a sign indicating his mood on his days on duty.
- Commander of Imperial and Allied land forces in the Near East during World War II, penultimate Viceroy of India. The Summer Fields magazine once recorded that "Wavell mi. has done well in Africa".
- McIntosh, Peter C. "MacLaren, Archibald". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/50298. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "History". Summer Fields School. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
- Usborne 1964, p. 1ff.
- Usborne 1964, p. 309.
- Colvin, Mark (2016). Light and shadow : memoirs of a spy's son (2nd ed.). Melbourne University Press. p. 94. ISBN 978-0522872590. OCLC 999609148.
- Bruton, Elizabeth (2 September 2015). "'Dear Harry...' - Henry Moseley: A Scientist Lost to War". Oxford Museum of the History Of Science. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
- Macfarlane, Alan (2013). "Becoming a Dragon" (PDF). p. 28. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
‘In the 1920s, the Dragon’s open-necked shirts worn over dark blue shorts were considered cranky. Yet by the mid-thirties its smart Oxford rival, Summer Fields, had replaced its Eton suits with jerseys and plus-fours for everyday wear.’
- Swanton, E. W. (1985). Gubby Allen: Man of Cricket. Hutchinson/Stanley Paul. pp. 20–23. ISBN 0-09-159780-3.
- Thorpe, D. R. (2011). Supermac: The Life of Harold Macmillan. Pimlico. p. 666. ISBN 978-1-84413-541-7.
- Usborne 1964, p. 105.
- Usborne 1964, p. 120.
- Williams, E. T.; Nicholls, C. S., eds. (1981). The Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. p. 40.
Anthony Asquith was educated at Summer Fields, Oxford, Winchester, and Balliol College, Oxford, where he obtained second classes in both classical moderations (1923)and literae humaniores (1925).
- Usborne 1964, p. 55.
- Usborne 1964, p. 138.
- Barber, Lynn (1 October 2006). "Eating like a king". The Observer. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
- Usborne 1964, p. 139.
- Usborne 1964, p. 62.
- Hannan, Liz (12 February 2011). "Lunch with ... Mark Colvin". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 1 April 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "Maj W La T Congreve". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
Memorial: IN THE CORRIDOR LEADING TO THE CHAPEL Summer Fields School
- Usborne 1964, p. 106.
- 'Faber, David James Christian', in Who's Who 2010 (London: A. & C. Black, 2009)
- Fearnley-Whittingstall, Hugh. "It's yesterday once more". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
- Usborne 1964, p. 144.
- Usborne 1964, p. 82.
- Waugh, Evelyn (2012). The Life of Right Reverend Ronald Knox. Penguin Books. pp. 54–55. ISBN 978-0-14-139151-9.
- Rigby, Jonathan, Christopher Lee: The Authorised Screen History, Reynolds & Hearn, 2001 and 2003
- Lord Hailsham Of St Marylebone (1987). "Maurice Harold Macmillan, First Earl of Stockton. 10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 33: 376–385. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1987.0014. JSTOR 769957.
- "The Honourable Sir William Macpherson of Cluny (and Blairgowrie)". Frost's Scottish Who's Who. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
- "Patrick Macnee, actor – obituary". The Daily Telegraph. 26 June 2015.
- Rutherford, Ernest. "Moseley, Henry Gwyn Jeffreys". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35125. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Adam Nicolson. Prepared for Anything. The Times Magazine, June 25, 1994. pages 24-30.
- Usborne 1964, p. 121.
- Summer Fields Register 1864–1960, Oxonian Press, 1960.[page needed]
- Usborne 1964, p. 84.
- Gere, J. A.; Sparrow, John, eds. (1981). Geoffrey Madan's Notebooks. Oxford University Press. p. 23.
- Summerfields School Register 1864-1960, Oxonian Press 1960
- Usborne, Richard (1964). A Century of Summer Fields. Methuen.
- Nicholas Aldridge, Time to spare? A History of Summer Fields, 1989