Sumitra (Sanskrit: सुमित्रा, IAST: Sumitrā) is the third consort and the queen of King Dasharatha of Ayodhya among his three wives.[1] She is the mother of twins Lakshmana and Shatrughna as mentioned in the Hindu epic, the Ramayana.

Ramayana character
Four Sons of Dasaratha.jpg
Sumitra gives birth to twins (centre, top)
In-universe information
ChildrenLakshmana (son)
Shatrughna (son)

She came from the ancient Kingdom of Kashi. She is considered as the wisest amongst the wives of Dasaratha. She is said to be the one who encouraged Lakshmana to accompany Rama and serve him during his exile. Sumitra often helped Dashratha with his problems. She was very much attached to her daughter-in-law Urmila and considered her above all. During Lakshman's exile, she only stood by her side all the time.


Sumitra is described as being fiercer and more powerful than Kaikeyi. However servitude is one of her many characteristics. In spite of being neither the principal queen or the favored one, she is single-minded in her devotion to her husband and principal queen Kaushalya. She is also known for her sacrifice of letting her son Lakshmana go to exile with Rama. Before marraige she was princess of Kashi and belongs to Haiheya clan.


Sumitra is broken into Su meaning good and Mitra meaning friend. Thus, her name means 'a good friend' or 'one with friendly nature'. She is known as, Tamil: சுமித்திரை ( listen), Burmese: Thumitra, Malay: Samutra, Khmer and Thai: สมุทรเทวี Samutthra Thewi).

Portrayals Of Sumitra In Mass MediaEdit

Sumitra has been portrayed by several actresses in different television adaptations of Ramayana:

Year TV Series Channel Country Played by
1987–1988 Ramayan (TV series) DD National India

Rajni Bala

1997-2000 Jai Hanuman (1997 TV series) DD Metro India Mangla Kenkare
2000 Vishnu Puran Zee TV India Kamalika Guha Thakurta
2002 Ramayan (2002 TV series) Zee TV India Jyoti Joshi
2008–2009 Ramayan (2008 TV series) NDTV Imagine India Sangeeta Kapure
2012–2013 Ramayan (2012 TV series) Zee TV India Anjali Gupta
2015–2016 Siya Ke Ram Star Plus India Sampada Vaje
2019–2020 Ram Siya Ke Luv Kush Colors TV India Preeti Gandwani


  1. ^ Dasharatha's third Queen,, 19 June 2012