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Sultanum Begum (c. 1516 – 1593) was the Queen consort of Iran from 23 May 1524 to 25 May 1576 as the first wife and chief consort[1] of the second Safavid king Tahmasp I. She was the mother of her husband's successor, King Ismail II, and the mother of King Mohammad Khodabanda, who reigned from 1578 until his overthrow in 1587.

Sultanum Begum
Queen consort of Iran
Tenure23 May 1524 – 25 May 1576
Coronation23 may 1540
Bornc. 1516
Diedc. 1593 (aged 76–77)
Qazvin, Persia
SpouseTahmasp I
IssueMohammad Khodabanda
Ismail II
HouseSafavid (by marriage)
FatherMusa Sultan bin ‘Isa Beg Musullu
ReligionSunni Islam


Sultanum Begum was the daughter of Musa Sultan bin ‘Isa Beg Musullu (Bayanduri), of the Aq Quyunlu, governor of Azerbaijan. Like Tahmasp's mother Tajlu Khanum, Sultanum belonged to the Turcoman Mawsillu tribe and was a maternal third cousin of her husband.[2] Tahmasp had most likely married her around the time of his father, Ismail I's death. She became his principal wife and bore him two sons, including Mohammad Khodabanda who was born in 1532, during the early years of the Shamlu-Ustalju regency, when Tahmasp himself was only eighteen years old, and Ismail II, born in 1537.[1]

Sultanum Begum had an independent royal court and her vizier was Khwaja Ibrahim Khalil. She owned the tiyul and muqarariyat (perpetual fixed assignation) payable on lands in Western Khurasan.[3]


  1. ^ a b Newman, Andrew J. (2005). Safavid Iran : Rebirth of a Persian Empire. London [u.a.]: I. B. Tauris. p. 29. ISBN 9781860646676.
  2. ^ John E. Woods, The Aqquyunlu: Clan, Confederation, Empire (1999) p. 193
  3. ^ Nashat, edited by Guity; Beck, Lois (2003). Women in Iran from the rise of Islam to 1800. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. p. 152, 154. ISBN 9780252071218.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)