Ibrahim Sultan (Timurid)
Ibrahim Sultan (Persian: ابراهيم سلطان بن شاهرخ) was a Timurid prince who governed a region around modern Fars from 1415 to 1435 under his father Shah Rukh. He was grandson of the conqueror Timur and died on 3 April 1435, around twelve years before his father. He is known as an artist and calligrapher, as well as the patron of Sharaf ad-Din Ali Yazdi's biography of Timur.
|Died||3 April 1435 (aged 40-41)|
|House||House of Timur|
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Ibrahim Sultan was an accomplished artist, avid calligrapher and great collector of books. Known to be observant in matters of religion, he personally scribed pious inscriptions on two madrasas he founded in Shiraz and at least five copies of the Qur'an. There remains a handwritten Qur'an in two volumes by him written in Naskh script. Every page of this Qur'an, finished in June 1427, has profusely decorated margins of floral scrolls in gold and color. This two-part Qur'an is a splendid example of lavish manuscript production in the early Timurid period. They were stored in a small room on top of the Qur'an Gate in Shiraz. Travelers passing underneath the gates were believed to receive the blessing of the Holy Book as they began their trip or journey from Shiraz. In 1937 the two Qur'ans were taken from the gate and were taken to the Pars Museum in Shiraz, where they remain today. Sultan Ibrahim is also said to have repaired the Masjid-i Atiq but that soon thereafter it was again ruined by an earthquake.
Ibrahim had four wives:
- Mihr Sultan Agha, daughter of Alu Chuhra Sariktash;
- Fatima Sultan Agha, daughter of Amirak Qauchin;
- Jahan Begi Agha, daughter of Abdullah Taifi;
- Begi Sultan Agha, daughter of Bayazid Sywish;
Ibrahim had four sons:
- Sultan Ishaq Mirza - with Fatima Sultan Agha;
- Sultan Muhammad Mirza - with Jahan Begi Agha;
- Ismail Mirza - with Begi Sultan Agha;
- Sultan Abdallah Mirza - with Mihr Sultan Agha;
Ibrahim had two daughters:
- Ruqaiya Begi Begum - with Mihr Sultan Agha;
- Zainab Sultan Begum - with Fatima Sultan Agha;
- Manz, Beatrice Forbes (2007). Power, politics, and religion in Timurid Iran. Cambridge University Press. pp. xiv–xv, 167. ISBN 978-0-521-86547-0.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-20. Retrieved 2009-04-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2013-02-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-12-25. Retrieved 2007-12-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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