Sulforaphane (sulphoraphane in British English) is a compound within the isothiocyanate group of organosulfur compounds. It is obtained from cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and cabbages. It is produced when the enzyme myrosinase transforms glucoraphanin, a glucosinolate, into sulforaphane upon damage to the plant (such as from chewing), which allows the two compounds to mix and react. Young sprouts of broccoli and cauliflower are particularly rich in glucoraphanin.
3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||177.29 g/mol|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Glucoraphanin, the glucosinolate precursor to sulforaphane
Occurrence and isolationEdit
Sulforaphane occurs in broccoli sprouts, which, among cruciferous vegetables, have the highest concentration of glucoraphanin, the precursor to sulforaphane. It is also found in cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, bok choy, kale, collards, mustard greens, and watercress.
- "Isothiocyanates". Micronutrient Information Center, Linus Pauling Institute, Oregon State University. March 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
- Houghton, C. A.; Fassett, R. G.; Coombes, J. S. (2013). "Sulforaphane: Translational research from laboratory bench to clinic". Nutrition Reviews. 71 (11): 709–26. doi:10.1111/nure.12060. PMID 24147970.
- van Die, MD; Bone, KM; Emery, J; Williams, SG; Pirotta, MV; Paller, CJ (April 2016). "Phytotherapeutic interventions in the management of biochemically recurrent prostate cancer: a systematic review of randomised trials". BJU Int. 117 (S4): 17–34. doi:10.1111/bju.13361. PMID 26898239.