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Sulforaphane (sulphoraphane in British English) is a compound within the isothiocyanate group of organosulfur compounds.[1] It is obtained from cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and cabbages. It is produced when the enzyme myrosinase transforms glucoraphanin, a glucosinolate, into sulforaphane upon damage to the plant (such as from chewing), which allows the two compounds to mix and react. Young sprouts of broccoli and cauliflower are particularly rich in glucoraphanin.[1]

IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
Molar mass 177.29 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references
Glucoraphanin, the glucosinolate precursor to sulforaphane


Occurrence and isolationEdit

Sulforaphane occurs in broccoli sprouts, which, among cruciferous vegetables, have the highest concentration of glucoraphanin, the precursor to sulforaphane.[1][2] It is also found in cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, bok choy, kale, collards, mustard greens, and watercress.[1]


Although there is basic research on how sulforaphane might affect mechanisms in vivo,[3][4] there is no high-quality evidence to date for its efficacy against human diseases.[1][5]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e "Isothiocyanates". Micronutrient Information Center, Linus Pauling Institute, Oregon State University. March 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  2. ^ Houghton, C. A.; Fassett, R. G.; Coombes, J. S. (2013). "Sulforaphane: Translational research from laboratory bench to clinic". Nutrition Reviews. 71 (11): 709–26. doi:10.1111/nure.12060. PMID 24147970.
  3. ^ Tarozzi A, Angeloni C, Malaguti M, Morroni F, Hrelia S, Hrelia P (2013). "Sulforaphane as a potential protective phytochemical against neurodegenerative diseases". Oxid Med Cell Longev (Review). 2013: 415078. doi:10.1155/2013/415078. PMC 3745957. PMID 23983898.
  4. ^ Moon JK, Kim JR, Ahn YJ, Shibamoto T (2010). "Analysis and anti-Helicobacter activity of sulforaphane and related compounds present in broccoli ( Brassica oleracea L.) sprouts". J. Agric. Food Chem. 58 (11): 6672–7. doi:10.1021/jf1003573. PMID 20459098.
  5. ^ van Die, MD; Bone, KM; Emery, J; Williams, SG; Pirotta, MV; Paller, CJ (April 2016). "Phytotherapeutic interventions in the management of biochemically recurrent prostate cancer: a systematic review of randomised trials". BJU Int. 117 (S4): 17–34. doi:10.1111/bju.13361. PMID 26898239.