Sulejówek [sulɛˈjuvɛk] is a town in Poland, about 18 km east of Warsaw city centre and part of its metropolitan area. It is located in Masovian Voivodeship, in Mińsk County. Its population numbers 19323 (2011).

Sulejówek
Manor of Józef Piłsudski
Manor of Józef Piłsudski
Flag of Sulejówek
Coat of arms of Sulejówek
Sulejówek is located in Masovian Voivodeship
Sulejówek
Sulejówek
Sulejówek is located in Poland
Sulejówek
Sulejówek
Coordinates: 52°14′39″N 21°16′48″E / 52.24417°N 21.28000°E / 52.24417; 21.28000Coordinates: 52°14′39″N 21°16′48″E / 52.24417°N 21.28000°E / 52.24417; 21.28000
Country Poland
Voivodeship Masovian
CountyMińsk
GminaSulejówek (urban gmina)
First mentioned1526
Town rights1962
Government
 • MayorArkadiusz Śliwa
Area
 • Total19.51 km2 (7.53 sq mi)
Population
 (2013[1])
 • Total19,311
 • Density990/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
05-070, 05-071
Area code(s)+48 22
Car platesWM
Websitehttp://www.sulejowek.pl

The town is well known in Poland as the place where Józef Piłsudski lived in the years between 1923 and 1926. The former manor houses a museum dedicated to him and is listed as a Historic Monument of Poland.[2]

HistoryEdit

 
Marshal Józef Piłsudski with his wife, daughters and close associates with their children in Sulejówek in 1925

The oldest known mention of the settlement comes from 1526. Sulejówek was a private village of Polish nobility, administratively located in the Warsaw County in the Masovian Voivodeship in the Greater Poland Province of the Polish Crown.

In 1919, Polish composer and statesman Ignacy Jan Paderewski and his wife Helena Paderewska bought a villa ("Białynia") in Sulejówek and established an Educational Institute, which was financially supported by Marshal of Poland Józef Piłsudski. Piłsudski himself lived in another house ("Milusin") in Sulejówek in 1923–1926. It currently houses a museum dedicated to him, and is listed as a Historic Monument of Poland.[2] Jędrzej Moraczewski, second Prime Minister of interwar Poland, also lived in Sulejówek, in the "Siedziba" Manor House.

During the German invasion of Poland which started World War II, on September 15, 1939, the Germans committed two massacres of Poles in Sulejówek and the present-day district of Długa Szlachecka, killing over 50 and 42 people respectively (see Nazi crimes against the Polish nation).[3] Six Polish officers from Sulejówek were murdered by the Russians in the large Katyn massacre in April–May 1940.[4]

SportsEdit

The local football club is Victoria Sulejówek.[5] It competes in the lower leagues.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Sulejówek is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Demographic Yearbook of Poland 2014 Archived 2016-02-20 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b Rozporządzenie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 13 sierpnia 2020 r. w sprawie uznania za pomnik historii "Sulejówek - Milusin, zespół domu Marszałka Józefa Piłsudskiego", Dz. U. z 2020 r. poz. 1418
  3. ^ Wardzyńska, Maria (2009). Był rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion (in Polish). Warszawa: IPN. p. 96.
  4. ^ "Tablice upamiętniające oficerów z Sulejówka zamordowanych w 1940 r. w Katyniu oraz ofiary katastrofy smoleńskiej z 2010 r." Fundacja Hereditas (in Polish). Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  5. ^ "Victoria Sulejówek" (in Polish). Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Välissuhted" (in Estonian). Viimsi vald. Retrieved 5 March 2011.

External linksEdit