Suleiman II of Persia

Mir Sayyed Muhammad Marashi (June 1714 – May 1763), better known by his dynastic name of Suleiman II (Persian: شاه سلیمان‎), was a Safavid pretender who managed to briefly become ruler of some parts of Iran from 1749 to 1750. He was in charge of the affairs of the Imam Reza shrine in Mashhad.

Suleiman II
Suleiman II of Iran.jpg
Coin of Suleiman II
Shah of Iran
Reign17 December 1749–14 January 1750
Coronation17 December 1749
PredecessorShahrokh Shah
SuccessorShahrokh Shah
BornJune 1714
DiedMay 1763 (aged 48)
Mashhad Khorasan
SpouseKhan Agha Begum
IssueSultan Daud Mirza
Sultan Ali Mirza
Sultan Hasan Mirza
Sultan Qasim Mirza
Sultan Hashim Mirza
DynastySafavid dynasty
FatherMir Sayyed Mohammad Marashi
MotherShahbanu Begum Safavi

The young Shahrokh was enthroned at Mashhad in October 1748 by Iranian nobles. Two months later Ibrahim proclaimed himself shah; but he was defeated and fled. Sayyid Muhammad refused to admit him to the shrine city of Mashad. Sayyid Mohammad's mother was the daughter of Safavid shah Suleiman I, and so in 1750 he was enthroned by Mir Alam Khan Khuzaima and some Kurdish and Jalayirid chiefs as Suleiman II. Shahrokh was blinded but was restored to the throne after only a few months, as Suleiman II was removed and blinded.


  • Floor, Willem (2005), A Note on The Grand Vizierate in Seventeenth Century Persia, Harrassowitz Verlag, pp. 435–481, JSTOR 43382107
Preceded by
Shah of Persia
Succeeded by