Sulayman ibn Ali al-Hashimi

Sulayman ibn Ali al-Hashimi (Arabic: سليمان بن علي الهاشمي‎) (c. 700–759) was an early Abbasid prince. He served as governor of Basra from 750 to 755.

Sulayman ibn Ali al-Hashimi
Abbasid Governor of Basra
In office
750–755
Monarchal-Saffah,
al-Mansur
Succeeded bySufyan ibn Mu'awiyah
Personal details
DiedOctober 759
Basra
ChildrenMuhammad ibn Sulayman ibn Ali,
Ja'far ibn Sulayman ibn Ali,
Ishaq ibn Sulayman ibn Ali
Zaynab bint Sulayman
Ali ibn Sulayman ibn Ali
FatherAli ibn Abdallah al-Hashimi

CareerEdit

The son of Ali ibn Abdallah ibn al-Abbas, Sulayman was a paternal uncle of the first two Abbasid caliphs al-Saffah (r. 750–754) and al-Mansur (r. 754–775),[1] making him one of the "uncles" ('umumah) that held a high degree of influence during the early years following the Abbasid Revolution.[2] In 750–1 he was appointed by al-Saffah as governor of the important post of Basra in southern Iraq together with its dependencies, as well as a number of other provinces including the Tigris districts, Bahrayn, Oman and Mihrajanqadhaq.[3] In 753 the caliph also selected him to lead the pilgrimage for that year.[4]

During his administration of Basra, Sulayman carried out extensive public works projects to develop the region, including building new canals and making improvements the local water supply.[5] He also assisted Khazim ibn Khuzayma al-Tamimi during the latter's campaign against Kharijite rebels in Oman in 750–1 by providing him with ships to transport his army,[6] and in 754 he allowed his brother Abdallah take refuge in Basra after the failure of his rebellion against al-Mansur. He and Isa ibn Ali eventually delivered their brother to al-Mansur on the condition that his life be spared, but this agreement was quickly violated and the caliph surreptitiously put Abdallah to death.[7]

Sulayman remained as governor until c. 755, when al-Mansur dismissed him in favor of Sufyan ibn Mu'awiyah.[8] He died in Basra in October 759 at the age of 59, and was succeeded by several sons, including Muhammad and Ja'far.[9]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Bosworth 1997, p. 822; Gordon et al. 2018, p. 1040.
  2. ^ Lassner 1980, pp. 11 ff..
  3. ^ Yarshater 1985–2007, v. 27: p. 196; Bosworth 1997, p. 822.
  4. ^ Yarshater 1985–2007, v. 27: p. 208; Gordon et al. 2018, p. 1092; Al-Mas'udi 1861–1917, v. 9: p. 63.
  5. ^ Al-Baladhuri 1924, pp. 65 ff..
  6. ^ Yarshater 1985–2007, v. 27: p. 201.
  7. ^ Bosworth 1997, p. 822; Yarshater 1985–2007, v. 28: pp. 17-18, 49, 56-57; Gordon et al. 2018, pp. 1099, 1101–02; Al-Mas'udi 1861–1917, v. 6: p. 177.
  8. ^ Date of dismissal is based on Arjomand 1994, pp. 26 n. 95; 28–29. See also Yarshater 1985–2007, v. 27: pp. 198, 204, 208; v. 28: pp. 6, 47, 53, 56-57 (who places his dismissal in either 756 or 757); Gordon et al. 2018, pp. 1101–02, 1119.
  9. ^ Bosworth 1997, p. 822; Yarshater 1985–2007, v. 28: p. 80. For his descendants, see Ibn Hazm 1982, p. 34.

ReferencesEdit

  • Arjomand, Said Amir (1994). "'Abd Allah Ibn al-Muqaffa' and the 'Abbasid Revolution". Iranian Studies. 27 (1/4): 9–36. doi:10.1080/00210869408701818. JSTOR 4310884.
  • Al-Baladhuri, Ahmad ibn Jabir (1924). The Origins of the Islamic State. 2. Ed. and Trans. Francis Clark Murgotten. New York: Columbia University.
  • Bosworth, C.E. (1997). "Sulayman ibn 'Ali ibn 'Abd Allah". In Bosworth, C. E.; van Donzel, E.; Heinrichs, W. P. & Lecomte, G. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume IX: San–Sze. Leiden: E. J. Brill. p. 381. ISBN 978-90-04-10422-8.
  • Gordon, Matthew S.; Robinson, Chase F.; Rowson, Everett K.; et al., eds. (2018). The Works of Ibn Wadih al-Ya'qubi: An English Translation. 3. Leiden and Boston: Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-35621-4.
  • Ibn Hazm, Abu Muhammad ibn 'Ali ibn Ahmad ibn Sa'id al-Andalusi (1982). Harun, 'Abd al-Salam Muhammad (ed.). Jamharat Ansab al-'Arab (in Arabic) (5th ed.). Cairo: Dar al-Ma'arif.
  • Lassner, Jacob (1980). The Shaping of 'Abbasid Rule. Princeton: Princeton University. ISBN 978-0-691-61628-5.
  • Al-Mas'udi, Ali ibn al-Husain (1861–1917). Les Prairies D'Or (in French). 9 vols. Ed. and Trans. Charles Barbier de Meynard and Abel Pavet de Courteille. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale.
  • Yarshater, Ehsan, ed. (1985–2007). The History of al-Ṭabarī (40 vols). SUNY Series in Near Eastern Studies. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0-7914-7249-1.