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Sukhoy Nos, also Sukhoi Nos (Russian: Сухой Нос, Dry Nose) is a cape on Severny, the northern island of the archipelago Novaya Zemlya, belonging to Arkhangelsk Oblast of the Russian Federation, projecting into the Barents Sea. The site lies near the southwestern corner of the island, 15 km (9.3 mi) from Mityushikha Bay, north of Matochkin Strait, which separates Severny from Yuzhny, the southern island of the archipelago.[1]

Sukhoy Nos
Map showing the location of Sukhoy Nos
Map showing the location of Sukhoy Nos
LocationSeverny, Novaya Zemlya
Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russian Federation
Coordinates73°47′14″N 53°42′46″E / 73.787287°N 53.712845°E / 73.787287; 53.712845Coordinates: 73°47′14″N 53°42′46″E / 73.787287°N 53.712845°E / 73.787287; 53.712845
Offshore water bodiesBarents Sea

The cape is composed of black and reddish shale. Underwater sandbars are located off of the cape's northern shore. Numerous birds nest on the steep cliffs, particularly loons.[2]

HistoryEdit

It was known for being a site of nuclear testing for the former USSR, being the third detonating site of three on the Novaya Zemlya archipelago (designated "Zone C"), as well as the northernmost site. It was used between 1958 and 1961 and was the 1961 explosion site of the RDS-220 hydrogen bomb, also known as Tsar Bomba.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Mys Sukhoy Nos". Mapcarta. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Сухой Нос," Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона. — С.-Пб.: Брокгауз-Ефрон. 1890—1907.
  3. ^ Khalturin, Vitaly I.; Rautian, Tatyana G.; Richards, Paul G.; Leith, William S. (2005). "A Review of Nuclear Testing by the Soviet Union at Novaya Zemlya, 1955–1990" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 13 (1): 1–42. doi:10.1080/08929880590961862. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 8, 2006. Retrieved 2006-10-14.