Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns

The Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns (SAAWK) (literally South African Academy for Science and Arts) is a multidisciplinary organization dedicated to promoting science, technology and the arts in Afrikaans, as well as promoting the use and quality of Afrikaans. The Hertzog Prize is awarded annually by the academy for high-quality literary work, while the Havenga prize is awarded annually for original research in the sciences.

Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns
PredecessorZuid-Afrikaanse Akademie voor Taal, Letteren en Kunst
Formation2 June 1909; 113 years ago (1909-06-02)
Founded atPretoria, South Africa
Legal statusNonprofit Company
PurposePromotion of science, technology and the arts in Afrikaans
Location
  • Pretoria, South Africa
FieldsScience, Technology and the Arts
Official language
Afrikaans
SubsidiariesDie Taalkommissie
Websitewww.akademie.co.za
Mabel Jansen (née Pellissier), the Academy's first female member.

OriginEdit

The initiative for the founding of the SAAWK came from General J. B. M. Hertzog who championed the Dutch-Afrikaans language. He suggested "dat een lichaam in 't leven worde geroepen ter bevordering van de Hollandse taal en letteren in Zuid-Afrika" (that one organisation be established to promote the Dutch language and literature in South Africa).

On 2 July 1909, the first 30 members of the body gathered to form the "Zuid-Afrikaanse Akademie voor Taal, Letteren en Kunst" (South African Academy for Language, Literature and Art). The aim of the academy was "The enforcement and promotion of Dutch Language and Literature, and of the South African History, Archeology and Art", with an addendum that Dutch implied both Dutch and Afrikaans, as both languages were common in South Africa at the time.

The name of the Academy was changed to the Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns in 1942 when a "science and technology" faculty was created.[1]

Since then, it has been responsible for the establishment of, among others, the Simon van der Stel Foundation and the Africa Institute. Furthermore, the Academy strives to promote interest in South African history, antiquities, art and Afrikaans language and literature. The Academy has become known over the years because of the regular awarding of literary prizes (of which the Hertzog Prize is best known) and other prestigious awards such as the N. P. van Wyk Louw medal.

Honorary membership of the Academy is regarded as an exceptionally high honour, although it is not accompanied by any prize or prize money. A person considered for honorary membership of the Academy is nominated in recognition of exceptional service to South Africa, the Afrikaans language, or to the Academy in particular.

Change in statusEdit

In the early 1990s it was decided that a new organisation should be created to be the representative national science academy for South Africa. To this end the president of the Foundation for Research and Development invited the Royal Society of South Africa (RSSAf), the Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns (SAAWK) and the Science and Engineering Academy of South Africa (SEASA) to jointly plan a new academy. This led to the creation of The Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAf) in 1995. Act 67 of 2001, the ASSAf Statute, revoked the SAAWK statute and ASSAf became the only national science academy of South Africa.[2]

In response to this the Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns registered in 2002 as a Nonprofit company.[3]

AwardsEdit

Prizes, medals, awards of honorary membership and bursaries, as awarded by the Academy, are listed below.

PrizesEdit

MedalsEdit

Awards of honorary membershipEdit

Awards are given in the following categories:

  • Contributions to Afrikaans Radio dramatisations
  • Contributions to Afrikaans Television Drama and Afrikaans Documentary Television Programmes
  • Contributions to the Academy
  • Promotion of Scientific subjects
  • Honorary membership of the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Technology

OtherEdit

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Combrink, J.G.H. and Spies, J. SARA: Sakboek van regte Afrikaans (in Afrikaans), Tafelberg, Cape Town, 1994
  • Kapp, P.H. Draer van 'n droom: die geskiedenis van die Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns, 1909-2009 (in Afrikaans), ISBN 9780620438742 Hemel & See Boeke, Hermanus, 2009
  • Nienaber, P.J.Op brandwag vir ons taal : die geskiedenis en werksaamhede van die Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns (in Afrikaans), S.A. Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns, South Africa, 1950

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Roodt, Dan (May 2010). "Historia - Draer van 'n droom : die geskiedenis van die Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns, 1909-2009, Pieter Kapp : boekbeskouing". Historia (in Afrikaans). Historical Association of South Africa (HASA). 55 (1): 144–156. ISSN 0018-229X. Retrieved 8 May 2019. Afrikaner-nasionalisme was een van die grootste politieke en maatskaplike kragte van die twintigste eeuse Suid-Afrika. Historici en joernaliste het daaroor met wisselende insig en begrip geskryf. Min van hulle het primêre navorsing in die argiewe gedoen en sommige het Afrikaans nie goed verstaan nie. Met verloop van tyd het die werke van Dunbar Moodie en Dan O'Meara kanonieke status verwerf.
  2. ^ "History". ASSAf.org.za. Academy of Science of South Africa. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Akte van oprigting" (PDF). Akademie.co.za (in Afrikaans). Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns. 22 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2019.

External linksEdit