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Sugar Hill Records (hip hop label)

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Sugar Hill Records was a record label specializing in hip hop music that was founded in 1979 by husband and wife Joe and Sylvia Robinson with Milton Malden and funding from Morris Levy, the owner of Roulette Records.[1][2]

Sugar Hill Records
Sugar Hill logo.jpg
Parent companyBMG Rights Management
Founded1979
FounderJoe Robinson
Sylvia Robinson
Milton Malden
Defunct1986
StatusDefunct
Distributor(s)Rhino Entertainment
GenreElectro, Boogie, Hip-Hop
Country of originUnited States United States
LocationEnglewood, New Jersey

HistoryEdit

Joe Robinson had parlayed a music publishing company that he established years before in New York into Red Robin, Fury, Fire, Enjoy, All Platinum, Stang, Vibration, and Turbo Records before establishing the Sugar Hill label[3]. Artists included his wife Sylvia Robinson, of Mickey & Sylvia fame (who had success in the 1950s with "Love is Strange"), The Moments ("Love on a Two Way Street"), Brother to Brother, Shirley and Company ("Shame Shame Shame").

BeginningsEdit

The Sugar Hill label's first record was "Rapper's Delight" (1979) by The Sugarhill Gang[4], which was also the first Top 40 hip hop single. Afterwards Super Wolf[5], The Sequence, Grandmaster Flash and The Furious Five, Funky Four Plus One, Crash Crew, Treacherous Three, and the West Street Mob, joined the label. R&B group The Positive Force released record from Sugar Hill Records also. Sugar Hill's in-house producer and arranger was Clifton "Jiggs" Chase. The in-house recording engineer was Steve Jerome.

SuccessEdit

They enjoyed several years of success. Sylvia produced several music videos and a young Spike Lee making his first music video for the song "White Lines" (performed by Melle Mel and The Furious Five). Sugarhill records rap videos were on a cable network.

Sold outEdit

A controversial distribution deal with MCA Records ended up in protracted litigation, and, finally, the label closed down in 1986.[citation needed] In 1995, Rhino Records purchased all the released and unreleased masters owned by the Sugar Hill label, covering the Americas and Japan, with Castle Communications (now known as Sanctuary Records, a division of BMG Rights Management) taking the international rights.[6][7] In 2002, the company's Sugar Hill Studios (originally called Sweet Mountain Studios") in Englewood, New Jersey was destroyed by a fire.[citation needed] "Rapper's Delight," "The Message," and many other Sugar Hill hits were recorded there. Master tapes from the All Platinum years, as well as Sugar Hill recordings, were reportedly destroyed in the fire.

Label overviewsEdit

  • Old School Rap – The Sugar Hill Story (To The Beat Y'all)[8] (3-CD, 1993, Sequel Records)
  • The Best Of Sugar Hill Records[9] (1-CD, 1994, Hot Classics)
  • The Message: The Story Of Sugar Hill Records[10] (4-CD, 1994, Castle Music) [UK Only]
  • The Sugar Hill Records Story[11] (5-CD+12", 1997, Rhino Records) [re-released in 1999 without the 12-inch]
  • The Best Of Sugar Hill Records[12] (1-CD, 1998, Rhino Records) [different compilation than above]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Stephen Thomas Erlewine. "The Sugar Hill Records Story - Various Artists - Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  2. ^ "Record Industry Probe Examines Small N.J. Firm : East, West Coast Grand Juries Looking Into Sugar Hill Label". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  3. ^ http://www.discogs.com/label/4776-Sugar-Hill-Records
  4. ^ http://www.bsnpubs.com/new/sugarhill.pdf
  5. ^ http://www.bsnpubs.com/new/sugarhill.pdf
  6. ^ "Rap Label Sugar Hill Finds No Delight In Royalties Row - Law360". www.law360.com. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  7. ^ "BMG to acquire Sanctuary Records - including Black Sabbath catalogue". Music Week. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  8. ^ "Various – Old School Rap – The Sugar Hill Story (To The Beat Y'all)". Discogs.com. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  9. ^ "Various – The Best of Sugar Hill Records". Discogs.com. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  10. ^ "Various – The Message – The Story of The Sugar Hill Records". Discogs.com. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  11. ^ "Various – The Sugar Hill Records Story". Discogs.com. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  12. ^ "Various – The Best of Sugar Hill Records". Discogs.com. Retrieved 11 January 2015.