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Stylianos Harkianakis (Greek: Στυλιανός Χαρκιανάκης; 29 December 1935 – 25 March 2019) was the Greek Orthodox Archbishop of Australia and Primate of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia. He served as inaugural and permanent Chairman of the Standing Conference of Canonical Orthodox Churches in Australia and Dean of Saint Andrew's Greek Orthodox Theological College. He was a theologian specialising in ecclesiology and also an award-winning poet.

His Eminence

Stylianos Harkianakis
Archbishop of Australia
Styianos Harkianakis.png
Installed1975
Term ended2019
PredecessorArchbishop Ezekiel
Personal details
Birth nameStylianos Harkianakis
Born(1935-12-29)29 December 1935
Rethymno, Crete, Greece
Died25 March 2019(2019-03-25) (aged 83)
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
NationalityGreek
DenominationOrthodox Christian
Alma materUniversity of Bonn

Contents

OverviewEdit

Stylianos Harkianakis was born in Rethymno on the island of Crete, Greece, on 29 December 1935. He studied theology at the Theological School of Halki on the island of Halki and graduated in 1958. He was ordained a deacon in 1957 and a priest in 1958. He completed postgraduate studies in systematic theology and the philosophy of religion at the University of Bonn in West Germany from 1958 to 1966. His lecturers included Joseph Ratzinger, who later became Pope Benedict XVI. He wrote his thesis on the concept that the Orthodox Church possessed infallibility when it acted together in conciliarity (e.g. the Ecumenical Councils). At that time, the idea of infallibility was thought to be an exclusively Roman Catholic idea, entirely alien to the Orthodox Church.

In 1965, whilst still completing his postgraduate studies, Harkianakis was appointed Professor of Theology at the University of Athens. In 1966, he was appointed abbot of the Holy Patriarchal Monastery of Vlatodon, in Thessaloniki. He was a founding member, then became vice-president and later president, of the Patriarchal Institute of Patristic Studies within the monastery. From 1969 to 1975, he lectured in systematic theology at the University of Thessaloniki.

In 1970, Harkianakis was elected the Titular Metropolitan of Militoupolis (whilst remaining in the Holy Monastery of Vlatadon) as exarch in matters concerning Northern Greece and Mt. Athos.[1]

Archbishop of AustraliaEdit

On February 3rd 1975, Harkianakis was elected Archbishop of Australia and Exarch of Oceania. He arrived in Sydney on April 15 and was enthroned on April 26 (Saturday of Lazarus). In this role, he engaged in many dialogues between Orthodoxy and other Christian groups, most prominently as co-chairman of the theological dialogue with the Roman Catholic Church, but also as co-chairman of the dialogue with the Anglican churches.

Harkianakis taught Orthodox theology and spirituality at Sydney University since 1975. In 1986 he became the inaugural dean of St Andrew's Theological College where he also served as Lecturer in Systematic Theology.

Harkianakis was the plaintiff in a defamation suit against journalist Theo Skalkos and a contempt case for articles published by Skalkos which were said to amount to public vilification to deter Harkianakis from continuing to bring defamation suits.[2]

Harkianakis died following a lengthy illness in Sydney on 25 March 2019, on the holy day of the Annunciation of the Theotokos.[3][4]

AwardsEdit

In 1973, Harkianakis was awarded the International Award Gottfried von Herder. A noted poet with an extensive bibliography, he was given the Award for Poetry from the Academy of Athens in 1980. In 1985 he received an honorary doctorate from Lublin University, Poland. One of his poems, "After Ephialtes", was set to music by Costas Tsicaderis.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-09-16. Retrieved 2008-10-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Harkiankis v Skalkos (1997) 42 NSWLR 22
  3. ^ Kokkinidis, Tasos (25 March 2019). "Archbishop Stylianos of Australia Passes Away at 84". Greek Reporter Australia. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Greek Orthodox Archbishop of Australia Stylianos Harkianakis passes away aged 83". Greek City Times. 25 March 2019. Retrieved 25 March 2019.

BibliographyEdit

Eastern Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Archbishop Ezekiel
Archbishop of Australia
1975–2019
Succeeded by
Archbishop Makarios