Sturnira perla

Sturnira perla is a species of yellow-shouldered bat found in Ecuador.

Sturnira perla
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Phyllostomidae
Genus: Sturnira
Species:
S. perla
Binomial name
Sturnira perla
Jarrín & Kunz, 2011

Taxonomy and etymologyEdit

It was described as a new species in 2011 by Jarrín and Kunz. The holotype had been collected in Bosque Protector La Perla in 1990. Its species name "perla" was chosen both to refer to something "very precious" as well as the globular shape of its skull. Additionally, the species name honors Bosque Protector La Perla, which is where the majority of the specimens used in the original description were found.[2]

DescriptionEdit

Its forearm length is 42.7–43.5 mm (1.68–1.71 in). It is regarded as a cryptic species, as it is similar in appearance to the little, Louis's, and Tilda's yellow-shouldered bats. Its dental formula is 2.1.2.32.1.2.3 for a total of 32 teeth.[2]

Range and habitatEdit

It is endemic to Ecuador. It is found in lowland habitats of 35–200 m (115–656 ft) above sea level.[1]

ConservationEdit

As of 2016, it is assessed as data deficient by the IUCN. It met the criteria for this classification because it is poorly known, as a recently described species. Furthermore, it could be severely impacted by deforestation, or conversely, its range could be larger than currently projected. More surveys are recommended to establish its range and ecological requirements.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Solari, S. (2016). "Sturnira perla". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T88159664A88159667. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T88159664A88159667.en.
  2. ^ a b Jarrín, P.; Kunz, T.H. (2011). "A new species of Sturnira (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) from the Choco forest of Ecuador" (PDF). Zootaxa. 2755 (2755): 1–35. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.2755.1.1.