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Stupino, Stupinsky District, Moscow Oblast

Stupino (Russian: Сту́пино) is a town and the administrative center of Stupinsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River, 99 kilometers (62 mi) south of Moscow. Population: 66,816 (2010 Census);[2] 63,124 (2002 Census);[6] 74,476 (1989 Census).[7]

Stupino

Ступино
A monument at the entrance to Stupino
A monument at the entrance to Stupino
Flag of Stupino
Flag
Coat of arms of Stupino
Coat of arms
Location of Stupino
Stupino is located in Russia
Stupino
Stupino
Location of Stupino
Stupino is located in Moscow Oblast
Stupino
Stupino
Stupino (Moscow Oblast)
Coordinates: 54°53′N 38°06′E / 54.883°N 38.100°E / 54.883; 38.100Coordinates: 54°53′N 38°06′E / 54.883°N 38.100°E / 54.883; 38.100
CountryRussia
Federal subjectMoscow Oblast[1]
Administrative districtStupinsky District[1]
TownStupino[1]
First mentioned1507
Town status since1938
Government
 • HeadPavel Chelpan
Area
 • Total35.5 km2 (13.7 sq mi)
Elevation
185 m (607 ft)
Population
 • Total66,816
 • Rank232nd in 2010
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
 • Capital ofStupinsky District[1], Town of Solnechnogorsk[1]
 • Municipal districtStupinsky Municipal District[3]
 • Urban settlementStupino Urban Settlement[3]
 • Capital ofStupinsky Municipal District[3], Stupino Urban Settlement[3]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[4])
Postal code(s)[5]
142800, 142802–142806, 142808
Dialing code(s)+7 49664
OKTMO ID46653101001
Twin townsTelgte, N'DjamenaEdit this on Wikidata
Websitestupino-smr.ru

HistoryEdit

The settlement of Stupino was first mentioned in 1507.[citation needed] Almost all other villages which have been merged into modern Stupino have been known since at least the beginning of the 16th century and were mainly founded on monastery lands. In 1934, Stupino was merged with the work settlement of Elektrovoz. In 1938, Elektrovoz was granted town status and renamed Stupino.

The history of the town is closely linked with the history of the Stupino Metallurgical Company (now known as CMK), which became the town's main industrial enterprise sustaining much of the population. In October 1941, during World War II, the factory was evacuated to Kuybyshev and Kamensk-Uralsky. In February 1942, the factory was returned to Stupino and quickly resumed operation.[8]

After the war, Stupino remained partially closed. Almost all the town's buildings were on the CMK's balance sheet and the company was reporting direct to the Ministry of Defense. In 1957, Sputnik 1, the first Earth satellite, was built with aluminum produced by the CMK.[9]

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the town attracted foreign investors, who built several new factories.

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Stupino serves as the administrative center of Stupinsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with forty-four rural localities, incorporated within Stupinsky District as the Town of Stupino.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Stupino is incorporated within Stupinsky Municipal District as Stupino Urban Settlement.[3]

As a result of the election September 14, 2014 the mayor is Pavel Chelpan, unchanged the incumbent for 25 years.

EconomyEdit

During the Cold War, the main industry in Stupino was arms production, and it was home of the Stupino Airfield. Since 1995, the town hosts the largest branch factory of Mars, Inc. in Russia. In the recent years,[when?] several other foreign companies opened factories in Stupino and its vicinity, including Campina, Kimberly Clark, Kerama Marazzi, Knauf Insulation, and others.

ReligionEdit

 
Belopesotsky Monastery in Stupino

The town is home to the Belopesotsky Monastery, which contains structures from the 17th century and later.

Twin towns and sister citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #123-PG
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ a b c d e Law #68/2005-OZ
  4. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  7. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  8. ^ Official website of CMK. СMK. History. 1941-1945
  9. ^ Official website of CMK. СMK. History. 1951-1960

SourcesEdit

  • Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №252-ПГ от 26 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #252-PG of June 26, 2015 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №68/2005-ОЗ от 28 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границах Ступинского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №57/2011-ОЗ от 22 апреля 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Ступинского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований" и Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Чеховского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №42, 10 марта 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #68/2005-OZ of February 28, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Stupinsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #57/2011-OZ of April 22, 2011 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Stupinsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It" and the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Chekhovsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).